Call to Action # 7: Actions and Commitments

Federal Budget Investments

March 22, 2016

Fed. Govt.

Budget 2016 Facts and Figures

Budget 2016 includes $2.6 billion over five years for First Nations K-12 education towards primary and secondary education on reserve to address immediate pressures, keep pace with rising costs and also invest in literacy and numeracy programs and special needs education:

  • $747.6 million to address immediate funding needs and program growth
  • $275 million to support First Nations language and culture
  • $577.5 million to support students with special needs
  • $100 million to support literacy and numeracy
  • $824.1 million to implement transformation in First Nations education
  • $37.5 million to support innovation, research, measurement and evaluation
  • $30 million to support the Martin Family Initiative’s partnerships with First Nations to improve literacy rate


  • $969.4M over 5 years for construction, maintenance and repairs of First Nations education facilities
  • $1.53B over 5 years to increase Canada Student Grants and $329M per year after that. Other changes will increase the amount of non-repayable Canada Student Grants and Canada Student Loans that Indigenous students may receive

March 22, 2017

Fed. Govt.

Budget 2017 Facts and Figures:

  • $90 million over two years, beginning in 2017–2018, for the Post-Secondary Student Support Program 
  • $100 million for the First Nations and Inuit Youth Employment Strategy Skills Link and Summer Work Experience program
  • $5 million per year for five years, starting in 2017–2018, for Indspire, a national Indigenous-led registered charity that invests in the education of Indigenous people, conditional on Indspire raising $3 million per year in matching funds from the private sector.

March 28, 2018

Fed. Govt.

Budget 2018 Facts and Figures

Budget 2018 proposes to invest $2 billion over five years, and $408.2 million per year ongoing, to support the creation of a new Indigenous Skills and Employment Training Program, which will replace the Aboriginal Skills and Employment Training Strategy. Extensive engagement took place with Indigenous partners in 2016 and 2017 to develop a proposal for future labour market programming. The Government of Canada has consulted with, and heard from, Indigenous partners on the importance of a distinctions-based approach that recognizes the unique needs of the First Nations, Inuit and the Métis Nation. To that end, the new program will provide:

  • $1.1 billion over five years, and $235.7 million per year ongoing, for a First Nations stream
  • $325 million over five years, and $67 million per year ongoing, for a Métis Nation stream 
  • $161.2 million over five years, and $32.6 million per year ongoing, for an Inuit stream 
  • $213.4 million over five years, and $45.2 million per year ongoing, for an urban/non-affiliated stream

March 19, 2019

Fed. Govt.

Budget 2019 Facts and Figures:

$815 million over 10 years, starting in fiscal year 2019 to 2020, and $61.8 million ongoing in support of Indigenous post-secondary education. This includes:

  • $327.5 million over 5 years to support First Nations post-secondary students and the development of regional education strategies
  • $125.5 million over 10 years and $21.8 million ongoing to support an Inuit-led post-secondary strategy
  • $362.0 million over 10 years and $40 million ongoing to support a Métis-Nation strategy

April 19, 2021

Fed. Govt.

Budget 2021 Facts and Figures

$1.2B over five years and $181.8 million ongoing, including:

  • $112 million in 2021-22 to extend COVID-19 support so children on reserve can continue to attend school safely, including PPE for students and staff, laptops to support online learning, and more teachers and other critical staff.
  • $726 million over five years, starting in 2021-22, and $181.8 million ongoing, t:
    • enhance funding formulas in critical areas such as student transportation;
    • ensure funding for First Nations schools remains predictable from year to year; and
    • increase First Nations control over First Nations education by concluding more Regional Education Agreements.
  • $350 million over five years, starting in 2021-22, to expand access to adult education by supporting First Nations people on reserve who wish to return to high school in their communities and complete their high school education.
Fiscal year2021-222022-232023-242024-252025-26TotalsOngoing
Budget 2021$270M$177M$227M$247M$267M$1,188M$181.8M
% of $1,188M22.7%14.9%19.1%20.8%22.5%100%

April 7, 2022

Fed. Govt.

Budget 2022 Investments in Education

Education is key to a strong start in life. In 2019, the federal government implemented a new co-developed policy and funding approach to help ensure First Nations children living on reserve receive a high-quality education that meets their unique needs. Since then, First Nations education systems have benefited from more than $3.8 billion in investments.

  • Budget 2022 proposes to invest an additional $310.6 million over 5 years to support better student outcomes through a Regional Education Agreement with the First Nations Education Council, which includes 22 member communities in Quebec.

Other Actions and Commitments By Theme

Auditor-General Spring Report: 2018

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Quality Education Backgrounder

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