Food Insecurity: Background Content

Inuit Reports

March 6, 2019


Food Sovereignty and Harvesting, 2018

Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA) – released a food sovereignty and harvesting report today outlining a forward looking, solution-oriented approach to Nunavut’s food problems.

“Nunavut needs a shift from thinking about food security to food sovereignty,” says QIA President P.J. Akeeagok, “This means empowering Inuit to feed our communities.” For Inuit, who live in the Arctic, a healthy traditional diet means heavy emphasis on animals and fish harvested from surrounding lands and waters. Colonization has disconnected many Inuit from the traditional practices of harvesting. As a result, Nunavut suffers from chronic food insecurity with over 70 per cent of Nunavummiut as food insecure. Achieving food sovereignty in Nunavut means supporting harvesters, re-establishing connections to harvesting culture, and building the infrastructure needed to allow Inuit to control the local food supply.

QIA’s food sovereignty and harvesting report envisions a Nunavut where country food is a readily available choice for families and harvesting is a viable livelihood. QIA’s goal is for every Inuk in the Qikiqtani Region to have stable and long-term access to locally harvested country food.

July 21, 2021

Fed. Govt., NL, NT, NU, QC

The Inuit Nunangat Food Security Strategy

Inuit Tapariit Kanatami – The Inuit Nunangat Food Security Strategy (INFSS) identifies drivers of food insecurity that are common to all regions of Inuit Nunangat. It sets out the coordinated actions required to address the interrelated drivers of food insecurity, such as:

  • Poverty
  • high living costs
  • climate change, and
  • contaminants.

The INFSS calls for actions to strengthen Inuit control over the governance of our food system through national policies, programs, and initiatives that provide direct supports for the local and regional Inuit-driven initiatives that are can make a difference. Furthermore, the Strategy identifies ways to support the development of an Inuit Nunangat food system that more closely reflects the realities and priorities of Inuit communities.
The high prevalence of food insecurity among Inuit is a complex national public health crisis that can only be remedied through coordinated actions undertaken by multiple partners. The drivers of food insecurity are interconnected. Addressing them requires innovative actions and investments that can only be coordinated through a national strategy.

The INFSS serves three main functions:

  1. To create a common national understanding of the prevalence of food insecurity among Inuit and its impacts on health and well-being.
  2. To facilitate a common national understanding of the drivers of food insecurity among Inuit and the policy solutions that can help ensure all Inuit families are able to meet their needs.
  3. To coordinate measurable actions by governments, Inuit, and stakeholders in the Inuit Nunangat food system to improve food security among our people.

The INFSS allows Inuit to work together using a strengths-based approach that builds on existing food security measures. Improving food security is a shared priority across Inuit Nunangat, and the INFSS identifies solutions that can be tailored to the unique circumstances of each Inuit Nunangat region.

September 1, 2020


The Nunavut Harvesters Support Program

Regional Inuit Associations – The purpose of Nunavut Harvesters Support Program (NHSP) is to preserve and advance Nunavut Inuit harvesting culture, heritage and traditional ways of life. The programs include the Community Hunt Program and the Harvesting Equipment Program, which is made up of the small harvesting equipment program, the safety equipment program and the disaster relief program.

The Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated program has a 2020 budget of $1,228,162.25.

Funding is available for:

  • Small Equipment: Up to 50% of the equipment costs (including shipping costs) to a maximum of $500 per request and $1,000 per family each year for small harvesting equipment/tools.
  • Safety Equipment: up to 50% of the equipment costs (including shipping costs) to a maximum of $500 per request and $1,000 per family each year for safety equipment used for harvesting.
  • Disaster Relief: up to 75% of the replacement cost, for any major harvesting equipment lost in an accident or disaster.
  • Community Hunt: costs for fuel and food for each harvester participating in a community hunt.

Other Background Content By Theme

First Nations Reports

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Independent Research

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