Government Commitments to Truth and Reconciliation: Background Content


December 10, 2019

2019 Indigenous Economic Reconciliation Report

Launch of 2019 Indigenous Economic Reconciliation Report Recommendations on Reconciliation and Inclusive Economic Growth for Indigenous Peoples and Canada. The report was a result of a three-part series, in 2017 and 2018, on economic reconciliation and inclusive growth in Canada called “Expanding the Circle: What Reconciliation and Inclusive Economic Growth Can Mean for Indigenous Peoples and Canada?

The report concludes that the Government of Canada must take immediate, significant, and clear steps towards closing the gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples. The commitment to reconciliation with Indigenous peoples is not a partisan issue; it is a matter of The Honour of the Crown, based on the existing Aboriginal rights upheld and recognized in Section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. Yet, reconciliation is not solely the government’s responsibility; all Canadians must be involved.

While there were common themes across the three events, some of what the Board heard at each event was unique from the perspective of First Nations, Métis and Inuit, which speaks to the importance of providing for distinctions-based approaches to economic reconciliation.

The report is divided into two main sections. The first part focuses on four key recommendations based on common themes and issues raised during the three forums:

  1. Procurement: establish a comprehensive and easy to access directory of Indigenous businesses (similar to Australia’s Supply Nation), and provide meaningful funding to Indigenous businesses to increase awareness and readiness for procurement opportunities.
  2. Access to capital: adequately fund Aboriginal Financial Institutions (AFIs), provide AFIs loan loss protections, and devolve economic development programming to AFIs.
  3. Capacity development: put in place incentives, including funding, internships and scholarships to increase Indigenous participation in business training and certification; and encourage post-secondary education institutions to increase access to these programs for Indigenous learners.
  4. Wealth sharing: implement strategies and innovative options to increase equity positions and involvement of Indigenous peoples in resource development, and to support growth of traditional economies and participation in environmental stewardship.

June 24, 2019

Fed. Govt.

Inuit Fiscal Relations

Inuit-specific Federal Budget Investments 2010-2019
“Inuit-specific Federal Budget Investments 2010-2019” seeks to quantify Inuit-specific federal government investments proposed in Budgets 2010 through 2019. Although an actual accounting of the allotted dollars committed and spent on Inuit-specific programming and services is beyond the scope of this report, we are able to quantify and describe investment announcements that are Inuit-specific in the federal budget plans for the years 2010 through 2019. Inuit-specific investment announcements are estimated by reviewing and categorizing all references to “Inuit” in federal budget plans. Inuit-specific investment announcements indicate new commitments to Inuit in a given budget year and demonstrate changing Inuit-federal relations over time.

In Figure ES.1, we see that budget plan 2016 includes the across sampled years with funding committed to
Budget 2016 includes first Inuit-specific investment announcements:

  • Collaborative environmental research
  • social infrastructure and
  • housing

Budgets 2018 and 2019 include the largest number of references to Inuit and size of proposed Inuit- specific investment announcements, in the widest range of investment areas, in the time period examined. Budget plan 2018 has the highest estimated total Inuit-specific investment announcements ($816 million) in five distinct investment areas.

  • Child Welfare and Services (120)
  • Education (161)
  • Health (110)
  • Governance (25)
  • Social Imfrastructure (400)
  • Environment (0)

In 2018, longer average time commitments are driving lower average annualized estimates. In other words, although more total funding is estimated to have been committed in 2018, its allocation over many budget years means that smaller average annual amounts ($21.82 million) are allocated per year moving forward,
INSERT TABLE: Aberage Investment announcements by budget year

June 15, 2017

Fed. Govt.

Pauktuutit Inuit Women MOU with Canada

Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs, on behalf of the Government of Canada, and Rebecca Kudloo, President of Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada (PIWC), signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to establish a whole-of-government relationship to address issues of common concern that directly affect the well-being and safety of Inuit women and children across Canada.

PIWC, as the national voice of Inuit women in Canada, has a key role to play in the renewal of the Inuit-Crown relationship and will help ensure it is rooted in gender equality. Based on trust, respect and cooperation, this MOU will help strengthen PIWC’s role, further their relationship with the Government of Canada, and promote greater progress in priority areas for Inuit women and children, such as the prevention of abuse and violence.


The objectives of this Memorandum of Understanding are:

  1. To establish a deeper, whole-of-government relationship to address the issues of common concern that directly affect the well-being and safety of Inuit women and children across Canada;
  2. To provide levers to help ensure significant progress in priority areas for Inuit women, and to contribute to the broader goal of reconciliation and healing with all Indigenous Peoples;
  3. To engage in a renewed partnership between Canada and Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada, based on trust, respect and cooperation for mutual benefit; and
  4. To identify and implement initiatives that will help to improve the quality of life of Inuit women across Canada.

The parties therefore agree that the following constitutes a preliminary list of the subject matter for realizing the objectives of this Memorandum of Understanding:

  1. Hold biannual meetings of the Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada and the President of Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada to monitor, evaluate and review mutual priorities and emerging issues to ensure the achievement of mutually desired outcomes, with the location and timing of meetings to be mutually agreed upon between the parties in order to complement the broader work undertaken by the Inuit-Crown Partnership Committee;
  2. Jointly develop, review, evaluate and update the policies and programs of Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, as a follow-up to the Prime Minister’s commitment to conduct a review of laws and policies related to Indigenous Peoples, based on evidence and best practices for the equal participation and benefit of Inuit women across Canada;
  3. Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada to help facilitate biannual senior officials meetings between Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada and other federal government departments with mandates impacting on the health, well-being, safety, and socio-economic development of Inuit women across Canada (e.g. Health Canada, Status of Women Canada, Public Safety Canada, Justice Canada, Employment and Social Development Canada), without presuming or prescribing the level or extent of engagement by other government departments; and
  4. Develop and advance a meaningful, coordinated whole-of-government approach that is holistic and synergistic in order to enhance the capacity of Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada to partner with the federal government and other stakeholders on priority issues including, but not limited to, policy, research, communications and advocacy.

January 1, 1970

Fed. Govt.

Pauktuutit Inuit Women MOU with Canada

Pauktuutit is the national representative organization of Inuit women in Canada and is governed by a 14-member Board of Directors from across Canada. It fosters greater awareness of the needs of Inuit women, advocates for equality and social improvements, and encourages their participation in the community, regional and national life of Canada.

Pauktuutit is active in a wide range of areas including health, gender equality, abuse prevention, protection of cultural and traditional knowledge and economic development. Pauktuutit’s input is regularly solicited on issues including the environment and climate change, children and youth, and a range of international processes and forums

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The Council of the Federation, established in 2003, enables Canada’s 13 provincial and territorial leaders to work collaboratively and strengthen the Canadian federation by fostering a constructive relationship among provinces and territories and with the federal government.

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