Government Commitments to Truth and Reconciliation: Government Commitments


April 16, 2021


Nunavik Self-Determination Agreement

Nunatsiaq News – Makivik Corp. will resume negotiations over a self-determination agreement for Nunavik with the governments of Canada and Québec to establish a form of Indigenous government in the region based on Inuit values, culture and language. Makivik’s self-determination committee is made up of representatives from Nunavik’s major regional organizations:

  • Kativik Regional Government
  • Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services
  • Kativik Ilisarniliriniq
  • Fédération des Coopératives du Nouveau Québec
  • Nunavik Landholding Corporations Association
  • Saturviit Inuit Women’s Association of Nunavik
  • Qarjuit Youth Council and
  • the Avataq Cultural Institute.

January 21, 2020


Katujjiqatigiinniq Protocol

Nunavut and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI) signed the Katujjiqatigiinniq Protocol today, to help guide shared Inuit-Government goals to benefit Nunavut Inuit. Specifically, Katujjiqatigiinniq helps shape the work around:

  1. the broad principles, priorities and bilateral mechanisms that will contribute towards productive working relationships and outcomes;
  2. making practical commitments in relation to leadership, oversight, and administration that will focus enhanced working relationships and outcomes; and
  3. the Government of Nunavut (GN) and NTI’s continued implementation of the Nunavut Agreement, including Article 32 and the development of an Article 32 policy and joint Information Sharing Agreement.

October 14, 2019


Innu Nation denounces NunatuKavut Community Council MOU with Canada

Innu Nation is denouncing the MOU signed between Canada and the NunatuKavut Community Council (NCC). “Canada has acted dishonourably now on two occasions. First, they announced in 2018 that they were embarking on “exploratory talks” without giving us any details on what was being discussed. Now, Canada has signed a secret deal with NCC that gives them a seat at a “rights recognition” table without considering the impacts that such talks will have on the Innu”, said Deputy Grand Chief Etienne Rich. “What is obvious to us is that Canada is ignoring their responsibilities to the Innu, and we are seeking advice on our legal options.”
While we have spent over 50 years seeking recognition of our rights, NCC is now being rushed to the front of the line while the Innu are being trampled.” concluded Grand Chief Rich.

September 27, 2019


Nunavut Tunngavik 2018-2021 Priorities

We will seek to work with the Governments of Canada and Nunavut to achieve substantial and measurable progress towards the full implementation of Article 23 of the Nunavut Agreement. Inuit employment and full implementation of Article 23 are the essential means to address many of the prevailing issues in Inuit society today. Members also discussed the need to radically transform the government work force and the existing bureaucratic culture.

To make substantial progress on Inuit employment in the next three years, we will collaborate with the Governments to:

  • develop and implement robust Inuit Employment Plans and Pre-Employment Training Plans;
  • take concrete steps towards making Inuktut the primary language of work in the Government of Nunavut;
  • enact of an Inuit Employment Act; and
  • reform the primary education system in Nunavut.

We will seek to make significant progress in strengthening Inuktut in all aspects of life in Nunavut, including Nunavut’s education system, public service workplaces, and delivery of essential government programs and services. Inuit are rebuilding our pride in our Inuit identity which has been damaged by colonialism and past government policies of assimilation.

Inuktut is an essential and central part of rebuilding Inuit identity. Inuit culture, history, traditions and values are embodied in and conveyed through our language. It is well documented that Inuktut use has been in a state of decline. Urgent and serious efforts are needed to reverse this.

Therefore, it is essential that we try all available means, through urgent and concern actions, to make substantial progress towards:

  • making Inuktut the primary language of instruction in Nunavut schools;
  • making Inuktut an official language of Canada in Nunavut;
  • making Inuktut the primary language of work in government offices; and
  • making Inuktut the primary language for delivery of essential government programs and services including health care, education and justice in Nunavut;

We will seek to work with the Governments of Canada and Nunavut to create an education system that reflects and promotes Inuit priorities and Inuit culture. In order to keep our children in school it is crucial to develop school curriculum centered on Inuit culture, and to encourage and support Inuit children and youth to pursue and succeed in all levels of education.

To that end, we will seek to:

  • collaborate with the Government of Nunavut in the Education Act Review process to make important reforms in the primary education system in Nunavut that reflect Inuit priorities (e.g., measurable steps towards making Inuktut the primary language of instruction in Nunavut schools);
  • collaborate with the federal and territorial governments to make significant investment in new training programs for Inuktut-speaking teachers; and
  • collaborate with the federal and territorial governments to take significant steps to strengthen Inuktut in daycares in Nunavut.

We will seek to work with the Governments of Canada and Nunavut to make substantial progress in narrowing housing and other infrastructure gaps in Nunavut, and raising infrastructure standards in Nunavut up to national levels. There is an urgent need to establish the basic infrastructures in Nunavut that include but are not limited to:

  • Roads and Ports
  • Housing
  • Elders Facilities
  • Wildlife Research/Testing Facilities
  • Heritage/Culture Centres
  • Addition/Treatment Centres
  • Youth Facilities
  • Hydroelectric Facilities
  • Fiber Optics Network or High-Speed Internet

The lack of basic infrastructures has seriously impaired Nunavummiut’s ability to better themselves, to improve their well-being and standard of living, to fight poverty and food insecurity, and to compete in a modern economy.

In the next three years, we will:

  • collaborate with the governments to develop an Inuit Nunangat Housing Strategy, to supplement the National Housing Strategy and the GN’s Blueprint for Action on Housing;
  • collaborate with the governments to develop a Long-Term Infrastructure Strategy and to start early implementation of the Strategy and development of strategic projects; and
  • collaborate with governments and private sector to establish a strategic development fund for major infrastructure projects in Nunavut.

We will seek to work with the Governments of Canada and Nunavut to create Article 32 protocol to promote meaningful Inuit participation in the development of social and cultural policies and programs in Nunavut.
Government policies and programs must reflect and promote Inuit societal values, culture and traditions. Meaningful Inuit participation in this regard is an important means to redress past harm and historical wrongs that have been done to Inuit society, and to achieve the broader goal of reconciliation.

September 5, 2019


NunatuKavut Community Council MOU

The Honourable Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, and Todd Russell, President of the NunatuKavut Community Council (NCC), signed a Memorandum of Understanding on self-determination.
This Memorandum of Understanding will help guide the Government of Canada and NCC as they work in partnership to explore new ways to strengthen their relationship and address the priorities identified by NCC. The goal of this process is to move forward together to find shared and balanced solutions that advance reconciliation in a way that respects the interests of members of NCC and all Canadians.

August 15, 2019


Directive on Government Contracts

Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI) is pleased at the release of the new co-developed federal government procurement Directive relating to contracting activity in the Nunavut Settlement Area. Throughout the negotiations, NTI has consistently interpreted and defined the policy objectives under Article 24 as falling under three separate and independent pillars:

  • the right of Inuit to own and operate companies
  • the right of Inuit to work and be employed through government contracting, and;
  • the right of Inuit to undertake skills training and development, for the appropriate contracts§ion=html

April 26, 2019


Release of “Nation-Building at Home, Vigilance Beyond”

Nunatsiaq News – Release of “Nation-Building At Home, Vigilance Beyond: Preparing for the Coming Decades in the Arctic” with 15 of 28 recommendations relating to Indigenous peoples:

  • Meaningful partnerships with Indigenous peoples and northern communities (7)
  • Defence, Security and Stewardship (0)
  • Geopolitics (0)
  • Circumpolar diplomacy and Indigenous rights (6)
  • Climate Change, Science and Knowledge (2)

April 1, 2019


Budget 2019 Inuit Investments

Proposed Inuit-specific investments total $395.5 million and include the following:

  • $50 million over 10 years for continued implementation of the National Inuit Suicide Prevention Strategy and $5 million per year ongoing;
  • $125.5 million over 10 years for an Inuit-led post-secondary education strategy and $21.8 million per year ongoing; and
  • $220 million over five years to provide important health and social services to Inuit children.

In addition, ITK is pleased with the commitment included in the budget to support universal high-speed internet access for all Canadians by 2030. Infrastructure in Inuit Nunangat lags behind that of all other OECD countries with Arctic territory. While Budget 2019 proposes a one-time transfer of $2.2 billion in infrastructure investments for communities through the federal Gas Tax Fund, ITK is deeply disappointed with the continued exclusion of Inuit from infrastructure investment and decision-making opportunities in our homelands.

March 8, 2019


Nanilavut Initiative

Launch of the “Nanilavut Initiative”, developed in partnership with Inuit, to help Inuit families and communities with the process of healing. In Inuktitut, “Nanilavut” means “let’s find them.” The initiative will help families find information on loved ones sent away during the epidemic. It will also provide other support identified as important by Inuit, including mental health assistance and commemoration activities.

March 8, 2019


Prime Minster apology for events leading to Tuberculosis crisis

Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, today apologized on behalf of the Government of Canada to Inuit for its actions during the tuberculosis epidemic from the 1940s to the 1960s. During this period, thousands of Inuit were sent away from their communities for tuberculosis treatment in southern Canada, where they were cut off from their language, their culture, their families, and their home. In too many cases, when people passed away during treatment, they were buried far from home, leaving families with no knowledge of the fate of their loved ones

July 12, 2018


NunatuKavut: Recognition of Indigenous Rights and Self-Determination

Today, the Honourable Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs, and Todd Russell, President of the NunatuKavut Community Council, announced the start of discussions on recognition of Indigenous rights and self-determination. Discussions will be community-driven, could cover many different issues, and involve ongoing engagement with NunatuKavut members. The goal is to obtain greater clarity on the rights, needs and interests most important to the community as well as finding common ground to move ahead in partnership toward shared solutions that help advance reconciliation and renew the relationship.
NunatuKavut means “Our Ancient Land” in Inuttitut and is the traditional territory of the Southern Inuit. The NunatuKavut Community Council is the representative governing body for approximately 6,000 Inuit of south and central Labrador, collectively known as the Southern Inuit of NunatuKavut.

July 9, 2018


Joint Statement on the Development of Fishery Regulations

To celebrate the 25th anniversary of the signing of the Nunavut Agreement, the Government of Canada, Nunavut Tunngavik Inc., the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board, and the Government of Nunavut have issued a joint statement on the development of fishery regulations for the Nunavut Settlement Area (NSA). The Joint Statement on the Development of Fishery Regulations for the Nunavut Settlement Area builds on the significant progress made in recent months to implement the Nunavut Agreement in all future regulation of the territory’s fisheries under the Fisheries Act.

February 1, 2018


A new Approach to Economic Development in Nunavut

The driving forces for negotiating the Nunavut Agreement were Inuit relationships with wildlife, the environment, and the hunting way of life. Inuit sought self-determination and recognition of jurisdiction. For these aspirations to be realized, Inuit must lead planning and design of all major initiatives in their homeland. This begins with taking a holistic approach to economic development that includes social and cultural considerations. Of course, a critical component of this process is co-operation between the Crown and Inuit.

For Inuit, economic development must be guided by Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (Inuit Knowledge). This means that the decision to pursue development and the processes to achieve development must be guided by Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit. Taking this approach applies an Inuit worldview to decisions and actions that influence Inuit lives….This document is informed by Inuit political history as described in the Qikiqtani Truth Commission and discussed in A New Shared Arctic Leadership Model. This document is QIA’s articulation of how the current Federal Government can advance the process of reconciliation by focusing its efforts upon specific outcomes.

Specifically, QIA requests the following from the Government of Canada:

  • That the Government of Canada formally and publicly acknowledge the findings of the Qikiqtani Truth Commission, including an acknowledgement that high levels of suicide, addiction, incarceration, and social dysfunction found in the Qikiqtani Region are, in large part, symptoms of intergenerational trauma caused by historical wrongs.
  • QIA is requesting that the Prime Minister formally apologize for these historical wrongs as a clear and decisive step towards Saimaqatigiingniq.
  • That the Government of Canada make a formal commitment to support the implementation of recommendations set out in the Qikiqtani Truth Commission Report.

November 24, 2017


Nunatsiavut: Prime Minister Trudeau’s Residential School apology

Prime Minister Trudeau apologized to survivors of indigenous people who went to residential schools after 1949 – when the province joined Confederation. Provincial Government will undertake its own apology to residential school survivors in consultation with the survivors of the former residential school system and the leaders of Indigenous Governments and Organizations in Newfoundland and Labrador.” Labrador survivors were left out of prime minister Stephen Harper’s 2008 apology because the schools were not run by the federal government at the time.

February 9, 2017


Inuit Nunangat Declaration on Inuit-Crown Partnership

Federal Government and Inuit Tapariit Kanatami signed the Inuit Nunangat Declaration, a bilateral agreement committed to take action on shared priorities:

  • Recognizing full and fair implementation of the obligations and objectives of Inuit land claims agreements as foundational for creating prosperity among Inuit which benefits all Canadians;
  • Recognizing also the disproportionate socio-economic and cultural inequity facing Inuit compared to most other Canadians, and committing to working in partnership to create socio-economic and cultural equity between Inuit and other Canadians. This commitment includes energetically and creatively pursuing the socio-economic, cultural, and environmental conditions of success through the full implementation of land claims agreements as well as reconciliation;

Now, therefore, the Government of Canada, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, Inuvialuit Regional Corporation, Makivik Corporation, Nunatsiavut Government, and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated have, in this Declaration, achieved consensus regarding the creation of the Inuit-Crown Partnership Committee to collaboratively identify and take action on shared priorities and monitor progress going forward.

August 8, 2011


Nunavik Self-Determination Agreement

The Quebec government has acknowledged the negative effects on Inuit society of a mass slaughter of sled dogs in the province’s far north in the 1950s and 1960s. Premier Jean Charest and his native affairs minister signed an agreement on Monday to that effect in Kangiqsualujjuaq in the presence of Pita Aatami, president of the Makivik, which promotes aboriginal development and culture. The provincial government also pledged $3 million to support the Inuit in the protection and promotion of their culture. (Globe and Mail)

January 22, 2005


Nunatsiavut: Agreement-in-Principle

Negotiations between the Innu Nation of labrador are now under way for a Final Agreement with the governments of Canada and Newfoundand and Labrador

March 25, 1996


Nunatsiavut Framework Agreement

Innu Nation of Labrador signs the Framework Agreement in 1996 after 10 years of negotiation

February 25, 1986


Nunatsiavut: Launch of Innu Nation of Labrador land claim process

The Innu Nation in Nunatsiavut (Newfoundland and Labrador) formally entered the land claim process in 1977 by filing a statement of claim. It took over a decade of additional work with anthropologists and ethnographers to verify Innu land use and occupancy studies to establish land claim boundaries before Canada indicated that it was were prepared to sit down to negotiate a framework agreement with Innu Nation and the Province to start negotiations