About Indigenous Watchdog

Justice Murray Sinclair and Marie Wilson ride into Vancouver Harbour during the B.C. National Event Canoe Gathering

“Raising awareness of and educating Canadians on the current state of reconciliation in Canada”

Beginning with the Royal Proclamation of 1763 and the Treaty of Niagara, 1764 and for the next 259 years, Canada’s First People’s (First Nations, Métis and Inuit) have witnessed broken promises, treaties and agreements negotiated in good faith – “Nation-to-Nation” – but that have been systematically broken over the years. Confederation institutionalized the relationship under The Indian Act in 1876 and the “Indian” problem has been a reality ever since despite numerous attempts to alter the status quo and “promises” to address and fix the systemic barriers.

Indigenous Watchdog is a federally registered non-profit dedicated to monitoring and reporting on how reconciliation is advancing on the critical issues that are impacting the Indigenous world – including the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action. The TRC emphasized education as the foundation for raising awareness on what needs to happen to make true reconciliation a success. Indigenous Watchdog delivers answers to these and other questions that are easy to find, are transparent, comprehensive and real?

  • What is the current status of each of the 94 Truth and Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action and other critical Indigenous issues?
  • What have federal, provincial and territory governments committed and with what specific actions and, when available, with what budget and timelines?
  • How have the designated stakeholders accountable for addressing and resolving specific Calls to Action responded? With what actions? By when?
  • How have the national Indigenous advocacy organizations responded to specific Calls to Action and stakeholder commitments?

Eight+ years after the release of the Truth and Reconciliation Summary Report in June 2015, “Reconciliation” has stalled. There is limited visibility from an Indigenous lens into what is happening that will keep the numerous issues current, visible and that will hold governments, associations and institutional stakeholders accountable.

The mission of Indigenous Watchdog is to deliver relevant quality information on Indigenous issues to educate, inform and ultimately transform the dialogue between Indigenous and non – Indigenous Canadians into ACTION. The main focus is primarily on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action.

Ultimately, the main question asked is: “Is Reconciliation advancing or not, and if not – why?

By curating and delivering substantive, quality information, Indigenous Watchdog will advance reconciliation with all stakeholder groups through a commitment to transparency, accuracy and independence.

For a “Guide to getting the most out of Indigenous Watchdog”, go to “Perspectives” on the Top Menu Bar.

About the Indigenous Watchdog Logo 

The logo is based on a Medicine Wheel circle that represents the balance of all four aspects of our being – spiritual, emotional, physical and mental. In that context, reconciliation requires a balance between the four stakeholders in making reconciliation happen: First Nations, Métis, Inuit and Canada.

The Eagle is accorded the highest respect by all First Nations. The Eagle is considered the messenger of the Creator, therefore its feathers are held in high regard. Thus, the eagle feather is the link between the People and the Creator. Eagle feathers are gathered in ritual. No one has the right to take an eagle feather for her/himself, but they have to be awarded to the bearer.

Veterans Affairs Canada


Inukshuk is a figure made of piled stones or boulders constructed to communicate with humans throughout the Arctic. Traditionally constructed by the Inuit, inukshuk are integral to Inuit culture and are often intertwined with representations of Canada and the North. A red inukshuk is found on the flag of Nunavut. In Inuktitut, the term inukshuk means “to act in the capacity of a human.” It is an extension of the word inuk meaning “a human being.” Inukshuk have been found close to archaeological sites dating from 2400 to 1800 BCE in the Mingo Lake region of southwest Baffin Island.

Canadian Encyclopedia

The Métis flag or flag of the Métis Nation features a white infinity sign on a blue background. The infinity symbol represents the mixing of two distinct cultures, European and First Nations, to create a unique and distinct culture, that of the Métis (which means “to mix” in Latin). The infinity symbol, which refers to a quantity without end, in this situation symbolizes the faith that the Métis culture will exist forever.

Records show that the Métis Flag was first used by Métis resistance fighters in the lead up to the Battle of Seven Oaks, a violent, one day confrontation in 1816, which saw the rival fur traders the Hudson’s Bay Company and the North West Company pitted against each other.

Indigenous Corporate training


The maple leaf became the central national symbol with the introduction of the Canadian flag in 1965, which uses a highly stylized eleven-pointed maple leaf, referring to a generic maple leaf representing the ten species of maple tree native to Canada – at least one of these species grows natively in every province.

Board of Directors

Douglas Sinclair, Publisher Indigenous Watchdog

Douglas Sinclair is a member of the Peguis First Nation of Manitoba and was a member of the Board of Directors for Native Child and Family Services of Toronto (NCFST) for over 15 years including serving a three year term as President when NCFST negotiated their Child Welfare mandate with the provincial government. In addition, he was also the Toronto coordinator for the Environics Research Urban Aboriginal Peoples Study and led a team of researchers who conducted interviews with First Nations, Métis and Inuit participants to collect detailed responses to their experiences within an urban context.

Douglas launched the initial Indigenous Watchdog website at the end of February, 2020 after three years of development.

Kenn Richard, Native Child and Family Services of Toronto

Director, Indigenous Spirit Fund

Both sides of Kenn Richard’s family come from the original Métis and Francophone settlements along the Red and the Assiniboine River in Manitoba. Kenn is the Founder, and until recently was Executive Director, of Native Child and Family Services of Toronto. He is now the Director of the Indigenous Spirit Fund. He holds a Masters in Social Work, University of Manitoba, and has been practicing social work, principally within Aboriginal child welfare, for over 40 years.

Kenn is the recipient of multiple awards including the Toronto Civic Award of Merit, The Aboriginal Affairs Award, The Chief of Police Community Award, and the Salute to the City Award for outstanding civic contribution, the Diamond Jubilee Medal, Jane Jacobs Lifetime Achievement Award, and most recently the Meritorious Service Cross, one of the highest civilian honors awarded Canadians, for his achievements for his actions toward contributing to the quality of Canadian life.

Teresa Edwards, Legacy of Hope Foundation

Executive Director and In-House Legal Counsel

Teresa Edwards is a member of the Listuguj Mi’gmaq First Nation in Quebec. Her ceremonial name is Young Fire Woman, a name that she strives to fulfill through her work as an International Human Rights Lawyer. Teresa is a mother to three amazing souls – Ashley, Dakota, and Derek, and the grandmother (Giju) to Alivia and Avery, who all inspire her to work towards bringing equity to Indigenous Peoples by improving socio-economic conditions and their overall well-being. For over 30 years, she has been a strong advocate for Indigenous Peoples by championing changes in programs, policy, and legislation from within government and while working with National Indigenous Organizations such as the Assembly of First Nations, Native Women’s Association of Canada, and from within her own legal practice. 

Teresa has been the Executive Director and In-House Legal Counsel for the Legacy of Hope Foundation (LHF) for 5 years. The LHF is a national Indigenous-led charitable organization founded in 2000 to educate and raise awareness about the history and existing intergenerational impacts from the Residential and Day School System, Sixties Scoop, and other colonial acts of oppression in order to foster Reconciliation in Canada.

Dr. Eva Jewell, Yellowhead Institute

Research Director

Dr. Eva Jewell is Anishinaabekwe from Deshkan Ziibiing (Chippewas of the Thames First Nation) in southwestern Ontario, with paternal parentage from Oneida Nation of the Thames. Her research is in areas of Anishinaabe cultural/political reclamation, Indigenous experiences of work and care, and accountability in reconciliation. Dr. Jewell co-authored the annual Calls to Action Accountability Update for Yellowhead Institute from 2019-2023. She is an assistant professor in the sociology department at Toronto Metropolitan University and research director at Yellowhead Institute.

Funding Partners

Indigenous Watchdog awarded funds from Community Foundations of Canada’s Investment Readiness Program funded by the Government of Canada.

Toronto, Ontario – March 1, 2021 – As part of Community Foundations of Canada IRP Program, Indigenous Watchdog has received funds to advance to Phase 2 of its evolution into a dynamic, searchable website where any user can access information on critical issues impacting Indigenous lives.

Our investments should aim to alleviate the systemic factors perpetuating inequality, with an eye to a sustainable and inclusive economy for all Canadians.” 

Andrew Churchill, CEO of Community Foundations of Canada

The over-all mission of Indigenous Watchdog is to contribute to and help sustain the national conversation on reconciliation by delivering relevant quality information on Indigenous issues to educate, inform and ultimately transform the dialogue between Indigenous and non – Indigenous Canadians. The initial focus is primarily on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action. Ultimately, the main question asked is: “Is Reconciliation” advancing or not, and if not – why?

The IRP funding will allow Indigenous Watchdog to expand the amount of information currently on the site by approximately 75% and include new sections on:

  • Commitments to Reconciliation
  • Much greater details on Child Welfare, Education, Language and Culture, Health and Justice
  • Treaties and Land Claims
  • Housing and Homelessness
  • Urban Commitments to Reconciliation
  • Environment

Social Purpose Organizations (SPOs) are working on a range of issues and their work is helping to advance all 17 of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Now more than ever, these goals are central in ensuring economic development happens in concert with thoughtful social action. 

The Circle of Philanthropy and Aboriginal Peoples in Canada transforms philanthropy and contributes to positive change between Philanthropy and Indigenous communities by creating spaces of learning, innovation, relationship-building, co-creation, and activation. The Circle works alongside Indigenous-led organizations, Indigenous informed organizations, organizations with Indigenous beneficiaries, our members and philanthropic signatories of The Declaration of Action to encourage individuals and organizations to learn, acknowledge, and understand more about reconciliation and the decolonization of wealth.

“Indigenous Watchdog acknowledges the support of the Real Estate Foundation of British Columbia”

REFBC makes direct investments in projects and funds that have a financial return as well as social or environmental benefits. These proactive investments support projects that align with our interests in sustainable land use, the built environment, food lands, fresh water, and real estate.

Peguis Settlement Trust

Our goal is to help improve the quality of life for our Community members both on and off-reserve by making strategic investments of the resources entrusted to us, we can support the social and economic development of our Community.

On Canada’s first National Day for Truth and Reconciliation on September 30th, 2021, One Day’s Pay launched a grassroots campaign to mobilize settlers to meaningfully recognize and commemorate the tragic history and ongoing legacy of residential schools, and to honour their survivors, their families and communities.

Guided by  The Circle on Philanthropy, an Indigenous women-led organization that works to mobilize the settler philanthropic sector to move funds to Indigenous-led projects, movements, organizations and nations, Canadians responded to One Day’s Pay’s invitation to meaningfully act: raising almost half a million dollars for The Orange Shirt Society and Indian Residential School Survivors Society.  In year two, One Day’s Pay raised one quarter of a million dollars for Indigenous Watchdog, Anishnawbe Health Foundation, Indigenous Perspectives Society and The Orange Shirt Society.

Vancity is Canada’s largest community credit union, a financial co-operative that operates within the territories of the Coast Salish and Kwakwaka’wakw people. We use our assets to help achieve our vision of a transformed economy that protects the earth and guarantees equity for all. As a Progressive Aboriginal Relations (PAR) committed business, we’re supporting resilient Indigenous communities through economic Reconciliation.

Support for INDIGENOUS WATCHDOG’’s work has been provided by the Inspirit Foundation. Inspirit does not endorse, influence, edit, or vet journalistic content in advance of or following any publication.

Inspirit works to enable the creation of new narratives that advance pluralism—narratives that challenge discriminatory structures of representation and multiply the array of stories and people we see reflected in television, film, the arts, and journalism.  

We are guided by an aspiration to generate meaningful impact through supporting narrative changemakers and leveraging our investment portfolio. Our granting and programming are funded by the financial returns earned through Inspirit’s investment of its endowment assets. Inspirit’s commitment to a 100% impact portfolio is critical to our ability to execute our mission in a holistic manner and advance our vision for pluralism and inclusion.  

Contact Us

Contact Indigenous Watchdog

Explore Calls to Action

This link will begin your journey into the heart of Reconciliation: What is working? What is not? What are the Problems and what are the Solutions? Who is doing what? By when? With what budget? And with what targeted outcomes?