Environment

Strawberry Moon - OMAZINIBII’IGEG (Indigenous Art Collective)

Current Reality

From the devastating impacts of climate change to the devastation caused by rapacious resource extraction projects on Indigenous territory, the environment suffers the most to the detriment of all Canadians.

Nov. 3, 2023: Today, the governments of Canada and British Columbia (B.C.), and the First Nations Leadership Council (FNLC) signed a first of its kind, tripartite framework agreement to protect and conserve biodiversity, habitats, and species at risk in the province. The Framework Agreement enables action rooted in recognition of First Nations title and rights to reach B.C. and Canada’s goal of protecting thirty percent of lands in B.C. by 2030.

To support the commitments in the Tripartite Framework Agreement on Nature Conservation (the Framework Agreement), the Government of Canada is investing up to $500 million over the life of the Framework Agreement, which matches commitments from the Government of British Columbia. Together, this is one of the most significant nature investment plans in the history of Canada. Support includes a federal investment of $50 million toward the identification and securement of up to 13,000 square kilometres of old-growth forest areas, and $104 million from the 2 Billion Trees program that will be specifically focused on the restoration of species at risk habitat, wildfire mitigation and recovery, and watershed health.

June 7, 2022: Government of the Northwest Territories has adopted a Statement of Environmental Values…to ensure climate change impacts are specifically considered when making government decisions. The NWT is the second jurisdiction in Canada to take such a step. The Statement outlines seven principles to inform decision makers:

  • The Precautionary Principle: If there is a threat of significant harm to the environment, err on the side of caution and prevent harm.
  • The Polluter Pays Principle: If you cause harm to the environment, you are responsible to fix it, including covering the cost.
  • The Ecological Sustainability Principle: We need to protect NWT ecosystems and biological diversity.
  • The Intergenerational Equity Principle: Future generations have a right to a safe environment, and we can’t compromise the future to meet the needs of the present.
  • The Environmental Justice Principle: Environmental justice means everyone in the NWT equally shares the benefits and burdens.
  • The Sustainable Development Principle: Development cannot meet the needs of the present if it means future generations will not be able to meet their own needs as well.
  • The Indigenous Rights Principle: Decisions that may impact the environment must recognize the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

The Statement recognizes the rights of Indigenous peoples, the value of Indigenous knowledge in decision making, and the GNWT’s commitment to implementing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Featured Updates


Government Commitments


Explore by Themes


Canadian Energy Regulator: Indigenous Advisory Committee

Read more


Climate Change

Read more


Government Commitments to the Environment

Read more


Government Programs

Read more


Indigenous Conservation Areas

Read more


Indigenous Leadership Initiative: Guardians

Read more


Indigenous Solutions: Climate Change

Read more


Current Problems


Explore by Themes


Climate Change

Read more


Duty to Consult/FPIC

Read more


Emergency Management in First Nations

Read more


Environmental Impacts

Read more


Forest Management

Read more


Government Commitments to the Environment

Read more


International Environmental Issues

Read more


Specific Industry Environmental Issues

Read more


Supreme Court

Read more


Background Content


Explore by Themes


Indigenous Alliances

Read more


Indigenous Conservation Areas

Read more


Indigenous Leadership Initiative: Guardians

Read more


Indigenous Opposition to Bill C-69

Read more


Indigenous Solutions: Climate Change

Read more


International Environmental Issues

Read more


Specific Industry Environmental Issues

Read more


Indigenous Success Stories