Education (6-12)

Current Reality

The tables are based on Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC’s) Census Core Table 9A and INAC’s Census Core Table 6.05 as reported in the 2019 Indigenous Economic Progress Report

Between 1996 and 2016, a 2 per cent cap on annual increases was in place; between 2004-05 and 2013-14, provincial expenditures increased roughly 2 per cent a year after adjusting for inflation (during this same time period). This is in the context of declining enrolment, meaning students in the provincial education system received INCREASING per capita funding, Indigenous students under federal jurisdiction received LESS per capita funding.

Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO) estimates that, nationally, the total funding shortfall for education programming in all band-operated schools in 2012-13 was between $300 million and $595 million. PBO estimates this shortfall grew to between $336 million and $665 million in 2016-17.
“Federal Spending on Primary and Secondary Education on First Nations Reserves”: Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer, Dec. 6, 2016
http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2016/dpb-pbo/YN5-113-2016-eng.pdf

Budget 2021 invests $1,188 over 5 years with $181.8M ongoing across three priority areas: COVID-19 support, funding mechanisms and First Nations control over education and adult education.

Budget 2022 invests $310.6M over 5 years to support better student outcomes through a Regional Education Agreement with the First Nations Education Council , which includes 22 member communities in Québec


0/11 CTAs have been completed to date




6

Repeal Section 43 of the Criminal Code

Not Started

7

Develop a joint strategy to eliminate education and employment gaps

In Progress

8

Eliminate discrepancy in education funding for First Nations on-reserve vs off-reserve

Stalled

9

Prepare and publish annual education reports: Indigenous vs non-Indigenous

Not Started

10

Draft Indigenous Education legislation with Indigenous people engaged

Stalled

11

Provide funding to end backlog for First Nations post-secondary education

In Progress

12

Develop culturally appropriate early childhood education programs

Stalled

62

Consultations on Indigenous education reform (curriculum content, funding)

Stalled

63

Commitment to Indigenous education (K-12 curriculum, teacher training)

In Progress

64

Denomination schools must teach course on Indigenous spirituality

Not Started

65

Establish a National Research Program with multi-year funding

In Progress

Current Problems with
Education (6-12)


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Systemic Racism

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Background Information


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Building Reconciliation Forum

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2019 Indigenous Economic Report

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Principles on Indigenous Education

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Canadian University Statistics

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Canadian College Statistics

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