Calls to Action

Painted tiles being placed together for Project of Heart, during the B.C. National Event

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada


The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada believes that in order for Canada to flourish in the twenty-first century, reconciliation between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Canada must be based on the following 10 principles:

https://ehprnh2mwo3.exactdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Principles_English_Web.pdf

For complete listing all 94 TRC Calls to Action , click on the following link:

https://ehprnh2mwo3.exactdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Calls_to_Action_English2.pdf

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission Final Report consists of a six volumes on Canada’s Residential Schools as follows:

  • Volume 1: The History, Part 1: Origins to 1939
  • Volume 1: The History, Part 2: 1939 – 2000
  • Volume 2: The Inuit and Northern Experience
  • Volume 3: The Métis Experience
  • Volume 4: Missing Children and Unmarked Burials
  • Volume 5: The Legacy
  • Volume 6: Reconciliation
  • Honouring the Truth, Reconciling the Future
  • The Survivor’s Speak

https://nctr.ca/records/reports/#trc-reports

Featured Updates


94 Calls To Action List


A description of the current status of each Truth and Reconciliation “Theme”. Select each of Child Welfare, Education, Language and Culture, Health, Justice and Reconciliation to see the status of each individual Call to Action: how many of each theme have been completed and links to dive deeper to learn more.

Not Started

In Progress

Stalled

Completed

13%
53%
22%
12%

0/5 Completed

Child Welfare (1-5)

Current Reality Bill C-92 an Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families (the Act) received Royal assent on June 21, 2019.……

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#1

Commit to reducing the number of Aboriginal children in care

In Progress

#2

Publish annual child welfare reports: Indigenous vs non-Indigenous

In Progress

#3

Fully implement Jordan’s Principle

In Progress

#4

Enact Indigenous Child Welfare legislation

In Progress

#5

Develop culturally appropriate parenting programs for Indigenous families

In Progress

0/11 Completed

Education (6-12)

Current Reality The tables are based on Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC’s) Census Core Table 9A and INAC’s Census Core Table 6.05 as reported……

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#6

Repeal Section 43 of the Criminal Code

Not Started

#7

Develop a joint strategy to eliminate education and employment gaps

In Progress

#8

Eliminate discrepancy in education funding for First Nations on-reserve vs off-reserve

Stalled

#9

Prepare and publish annual education reports: Indigenous vs non-Indigenous

Not Started

#10

Draft Indigenous Education legislation with Indigenous people engaged

Stalled

#11

Provide funding to end backlog for First Nations post-secondary education

In Progress

#12

Develop culturally appropriate early childhood education programs

Stalled

#62

Consultations on Indigenous education reform (curriculum content, funding)

Stalled

#63

Commitment to Indigenous education (K-12 curriculum, teacher training)

In Progress

#64

Denomination schools must teach course on Indigenous spirituality

Not Started

#65

Establish a National Research Program with multi-year funding

In Progress

2/5 Completed

Language and Culture (13-17)

Current Reality Canada is home to around 60 indigenous tongues in 12 separate and distinct language families Most languages have multiple dialects, often with issues……

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#13

Acknowledge Indigenous rights, include Indigenous language rights

Complete

#14

Enact an Indigenous Languages Act

Stalled

#15

Appoint an Indigenous Language Commissioner

Complete

#16

Create post-secondary degrees and diploma programs in Indigenous languages

In Progress

#17

Enable residential school survivors to reclaim Indigenous names

Stalled

0/7 Completed

Health (18-24)

Current Reality Health Summit: National Dialogue to end Systemic Racism (after the death of Joyce Echaquan) Oct. 16, 2020: First National Dialogue  After the death……

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#18

Recognize and implement healthcare rights of Indigenous peoples

Stalled

#19

Establish measurable goals to identify and close health gaps

Stalled

#20

Address distinct needs of Métis, Inuit and off-reserve First Nations

Stalled

#21

Provide ongoing funding for existing and new Aboriginal Healing Centres

In Progress

#22

Recognize value of Indigenous healing practices and use in health system

In Progress

#23

Increase the hiring and retention of Indigenous healthcare workers

In Progress

#24

All students to take a course in Indigenous culture and awareness training

In Progress

0/21 Completed

Justice (25-42)

Current Reality Dec. 17, 2021: APTN – Ivan Zinger, the Correctional Investigator issued a report indicating that incarceration rates for Indigenous people on federal prisons……

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#25

Affirm independence of RCMP from government civil litigation

Stalled

#26

Review and amend their respective Statutes of Limitations

Not Started

#27

Ensure lawyers receive cultural competency and Indigenous rights training

In Progress

#28

Mandatory law school course on Aboriginal people and the law

In Progress

#29

Residential School Settlement Agreements for those excluded from the TRC process

Stalled

#30

Commit to eliminate overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in custody

Stalled

#31

Provide stable funding to implement alternatives to imprisonment

In Progress

#32

Amend Criminal Code to depart from mandatory minimum sentences

Stalled

#33

Develop culturally relevant FASD prevention program

In Progress

#34

Reform criminal justice system to address needs of people with FASD

Not Started

#35

Eliminate barriers to creation of new Aboriginal healing lodges

In Progress

#36

Deliver culturally relevant services to inmates on social issues

In Progress

#37

Provide more supports for Aboriginal programs in halfway houses

In Progress

#38

Commit to eliminate overrepresentation of Aboriginal youth in jail

In Progress

#39

Develop national plan to publish data on Indigenous criminal victimization

In Progress

#40

Create funded and accessible Indigenous-specific victim programs

In Progress

#41

Appoint public inquiry into MMIWG

Stalled

#42

Commit to recognize and implement Aboriginal Justice Systems

Not Started


9/45 Completed

Reconciliation CTAs (43-94)

The Royal Commission emphasized that Aboriginal peoples’ right to self-determination is essential to a robust upholding of Canada’s constitutional obligations to Aboriginal peoples and compliance……

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#43

Fully adopt and implement UNDRIP as the framework for reconcilation

In Progress

#44

Develop national action plan and strategies to achieve UNDRIP goals

In Progress

#45

Government of Canada to develop with Indigenous peoples a Royal Proclamation of Reconciliation

Not Started

#46

Parties to Settlement Agreement to develop and sign a Covenant of Reconciliation to advance reconciliation

Not Started

#47

All levels of government to repudiate Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius

Not Started

#48

Church Parties to Settlement Agreement to adopt and comply with principles of UNDRIP

In Progress

#49

Church Parties to Settlement Agreement and Faith groups to repudiate Doctrine of Discovery and terra nullius

Complete

#53

Enact legislation to establish a National Council for Reconciliation

In Progress

#54

Provide multi-year funding to sustain National Council of Reconciliation

In Progress

#55

Provide Annual Reports on progress towards Reconciliation

In Progress

#56

Prime Minister to deliver a State of Aboriginal People’s report

In Progress

#57

Provide education to civil servants on Indigenous issues, history and treaties

In Progress

#58

Apology from the pope to Catholic Church residential school survivors

Stalled

#59

Develop ongoing education strategies teach impacts of colonization

Complete

#60

Develop and teach curriculum on Aboriginal spirituality, history and culture

In Progress

#61

Allocate permanent funding for healing, language and reconciliation projects

In Progress

#66

Federal Government to provide multi-year funding for community-based youth programs

In Progress

#67

Provide funding for national review of museum policies and best practices

In Progress

#68

Establish a reconciliation funding program to commemorate Canada 150

Complete

#69

Fully adopt and implement UNDRIP, ensure access to records, add resources

In Progress

#70

Provide funding for national review of archival policies and best practices

Complete

#71

Deliver residential school death records to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

Stalled

#72

Develop a National Residential School Death Register

In Progress

#73

Establish an online registry of residential school cemeteries

In Progress

#74

Inform families of child’s burial location, determine commemoration ceremonies and reburial

In Progress

#75

Identify, protect, maintain and commemorate residential school cemeteries

In Progress

#76

Commit to Indigenous principles and protocols for residential school cemeteries

In Progress

#77

All archives to collaborate with NCTR on collection of all records

Stalled

#78

$10M funding for NCTR and $10M for communities for reconciliation

Stalled

#79

Develop reconciliation framework for Canadian heritage and commemoration

In Progress

#80

Establish a statutory holiday “National Day for Truth and Reconciliation”

Complete

#81

Commission and install a Residential School National Monument in Ottawa

In Progress

#82

Commission and install a Residential school monument in each capital city

In Progress

#83

Establish strategies for funding Indigenous reconciliation projects

Complete

#84

Restore and increase funding for the CBC to support reconciliation

Complete

#85

Aboriginal Peoples TV network to continue supporting reconciliation

Complete

#86

Journalism and media schools to offer education programs in Indigenous history, UNDRIP and issues

In Progress

#87

Provide public education to tell national stories of Indigenous athletes

Stalled

#88

Ensure long-term Indigenous athlete development and support for North American Indigenous Games

In Progress

#89

Amend Physical Activity and Sport Act to ensure Indigenous inclusivity

Not Started

#90

Ensure national sports policies and programs and initiatives are inclusive

In Progress

#91

Ensure Indigenous territorial protocols are respected for International sporting events

In Progress

#92

Corporate sector to adopt UNDRIP as a reconciliation framework and apply to policy and operations

Stalled

#93

Revise information kit for citizenship test with Indigenous content

Stalled

#94

Replace the Oath of Citizenship with a new oat with Indigenous content

Complete

Government commitments


What governments say and what they do can be radically different. This section states at a macro-level what specific actions and commitments each level of government – federal, provincial and territory – has made towards reconciliation with each Indigenous group: First Nations, Metis and Inuit.

Clicking “Explore All” takes you the Government Commitments to Reconciliation landing page where you will find the Current Reality, Current Problems and additional Background Information

First Nations

What have federal, provincial and territory governments committed to the 634 First Nations – off and on reserve?

Explore Commitments

Métis

What have federal, provincial and territory governments committed to the Métis communities?

Explore Commitments

Inuit

What have federal, provincial and territory governments committed to the Inuit across their territories in Inuit Nunangat

Explore Commitments