Call to Action # 38

We call upon the federal, provincial, territorial, and Aboriginal governments to commit to eliminating the overrepresentation of Aboriginal youth in custody over the next decade.

Why “In Progress?”

“Bill C-75 “An Act to Amend the Criminal Code, Youth Criminal Justice Act and other Acts and to make consequential amendments to other Acts” received Royal assent on June 21, 2019. Bill C-75 includes amendments “that seek alternatives for administration of justice offences, revisions to conditions imposed at bail or sentencing stage and limit the use of custodial sentences”.

Justice Canada continues to invest in key flagship programs which support a reduction of Indigenous youth in the criminal justice system, including the:

The provinces and territories are initiating their own reforms as well.

Indigenous Youth represent approximately 8% of the population but 47% of youth in custody.

Current Status

April 4, 2022

In Progress

Previous Status

February 14, 2022

In Progress

Latest Updates


Actions and Commitments


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Youth Justice Fund

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Correctional Services Investigator Report 2017-18

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Indig. Youth Incarceration Rates: 2011 – 2018

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Background Content


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Cdn. Bar Assoc. Response to TRC

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Justice Canada National Roundtable

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Breakdown by Province of Youth in Custody: Table

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Timelines for Bill C-75

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