Government Commitments to Truth and Reconciliation: Government Commitments

First Nations


November 30, 2022


Fed. Govt.

AMC, SCO, MKO and AFN Regional Office Respond to Meeting with Prime Minister Trudeau

NationTalk: Treaty One Territory, Manitoba – The Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs (AMC), the Southern Chiefs’ Organization (SCO), Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak (MKO) and the Assembly of First Nations Manitoba Regional Office issue this statement in response to the meeting held with Prime Minister Trudeau that was hosted on November 29, 2022, to discuss national and regional priorities directly with the Prime Minister.

“We articulated to the Prime Minister that First Nations Governments in Manitoba need to be given oversight and control over the administration of funding for services for First Nations in Manitoba. There are chronic shortfalls in government services for First Nations, such as health and housing, that have been present for as long as Canada has existed,” said Grand Chief Cathy Merrick.

“We have some of the largest reserves in Canada and 22% of the First Nations population in Canada,” said Grand Chief Garrison Settee. “Chronic underfunding has created crises in our First Nations, and we need investments to flow in this next budget that will address the needs and priorities identified by our leadership.”

The meeting between First Nations leadership and the Prime Minister of Canada was co-hosted by the Assembly of First Nations National Chief’s Office and the Office of the Prime Minister to discuss several joint priorities. It has been three years since the last leaders meeting between the AFN and Prime Minister, and it was the first time the AFN Regional Chiefs were invited to this meeting. In a demonstration of solidarity, AFN Regional Chief Woodhouse asked AMC, MKO and SCO Grand Chiefs to be in attendance.

Grand Chief Jerry Daniels said, “We all know that no one can undo, in a few years, the impacts of 155 plus years of chronic underfunding and under-servicing of First Nations, combined with the imposition of colonial, racist and genocidal policies and laws that impact our ability to define our own citizenship. The number of status First Nations is dwindling despite changes to Indian Act legislation. We need the Prime Minister to commit to working with us in partnership to ensure the Crown is meeting its constitutional, international human rights and other legal obligations with respect to Aboriginal and Treaty rights.”

The AFN’s top priorities for discussion included the following but not limited to:

  • climate change
  • funding for AFN Organization and funding for Regional Offices
  • UNDRIP Act – National Action Plan
  • Specific Claims & Additions to Reserve
  • Child Welfare, Infrastructure
  • Housing & Water
  • Uplifting Women (MMIWG) & 2SLGBTQQIA+.

Regional Chief Cindy Woodhouse said, “I feel First Nations and Canada together have made a start. Over the last six budget cycles, all under the federal government, $55.65 billion of new investments have been committed to First Nations peoples in response to our own budget priorities. This is a landmark and represents a degree of responsiveness that no other Prime Minister has achieved”.

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For more information, please contact:

Communications Team
Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs
Email:  media@manitobachiefs.com

About the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs

The AMC was formed in 1988 by the Chiefs in Manitoba to advocate on issues that commonly affect First Nations in Manitoba. AMC is an authorized representative of 62 of the 63 First Nations in Manitoba with a total of more than 151,000 First Nation citizens in the province, accounting for approximately 12 percent of the provincial population. AMC represents a diversity of Anishinaabe (Ojibway), Nehetho / Ininew (Cree), Anishininew (Ojibwe-Cree), Denesuline (Dene) and Dakota Oyate (Dakota) people.


November 29, 2022


BC, First Nations

B.C. cabinet, First Nations’ leadership gather for important conversations

NationTalk: MUSQUEAM, SQUAMISH AND TSLEIL-WAUTUTH TERRITORY – The seventh B.C. Cabinet and First Nations Leaders’ Gathering began on Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2022, marking the first in-person gathering since the COVID-19 pandemic began in 2020 and the atmospheric river of 2021.

Premier David Eby, together with Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, Cheryl Casimir, Regional Chief Terry Teegee, and Murray Rankin, Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation, opened the two-day event with a unified resolve to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, build on the strong foundations of government-to-government relationships, and continue working on the transformative change necessary for meaningful reconciliation.

The gathering takes place this year at the Vancouver Trade and Convention Centre and creates opportunities for First Nations leaders in B.C. and provincial cabinet ministers to discuss important community issues through one-on-one meetings. The 2022 gathering will be the largest to date. More than 1,000 people are registered to attend, representing 208 First Nations and organizations. More than 800 one-on-one meetings are scheduled.

The event is co-hosted and organized by the provincial government and First Nations Leadership Council (FNLC), which is comprised of the BC Assembly of First Nations, First Nations Summit and Union of BC Indian Chiefs.

During the three years since the the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted into provincial law, the Province and FNLC have worked together to make ongoing and collaborative changes to B.C.’s laws, policies and systems, and to advance reconciliation in ways that make a difference in communities throughout the province.

Quotes:

Premier David Eby —

“Over the past five years, we’ve built strong parternships with Indigenous Peoples. We’ve made historic investments in affordable housing, both on and off reserve; helped revitalize Indigenous languages, culture and heritage; created stable, long-term revenue sharing; supported greater access to high-speed internet; and made the necessary changes to help keep Indigenous families together. There is still so much more to do. We will keep building on that foundation to deliver results that Indigenous Peoples can see, feel and touch in their lives and communities. There is a bright future ahead, and we will get there by continuing to work together in partnership.”

Regional Chief Terry Teegee, British Columbia Assembly of First Nations —

“While the critical work to implement and bring to life the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act has advanced since 2019, the B.C. Cabinet and First Nations Leaders’ Gathering (FNLG) is committed to flagging urgent issues and opportunities. As First Nations’ priorities, rights and title are addressed, the foundation of good governance is reinforced. FNLG 2022, with the opportunity for leaders to meet in person, will enhance economic, social and cultural development, peace and security. This is a process of building good and stable governance, while ensuring self-determination as we all move forward on post-colonial pathways toward reconciliation.”

Robert Phillips, political executive, First Nations Summit —

“We are very pleased the FNLG is taking place this year following a two-year hiatus due to the COVID-19 pandemic. FNLG has become a highly anticipated annual event for our communities and is integral to building positive relationships between B.C. First Nations and the Government of B.C. This year’s gathering provides us an important opportunity to continue dialogue on important issues, such as B.C.’s implementation of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act (DRIPA) to uphold and meet the objectives of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The passage of DRIPA three years ago was an historic step forward for the Government of B.C. in righting its relationship with First Nations – taking a concrete step to move away from a tradition of rights denial toward a modernized relationship based on human rights, co-operation and partnership. The implementation of DRIPA, especially the alignment of all existing and future laws in B.C., is important step on our collective paths toward reconciliation.”

Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, Union of BC Indian Chiefs —

“We are extremely pleased to be able to gather in person and lay out a framework for the critical work we have to do over the next year to advance reconciliation. We are looking forward to this new chapter under the leadership of Premier David Eby, who has a strong understanding of the complex and intersecting impacts of colonialism and what is now needed for recognition and implementation of our inherent Title and Rights. Although we still have many differences, I’m confident that we are going to be able to find a way forward together.”

Murray Rankin, Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation and Minister Responsible for the Declaration Act Secretariat —

“As we mark the three-year anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act, we come together to listen, learn and reflect on the good work we’ve accomplished together since 2019, as well as the work we have ahead of us. Meaningful, lasting reconciliation is a journey about working together, government to government, in respectful partnerships that recognize the inherent rights of Indigenous Peoples. Together with Indigenous Peoples, we will build a stronger, more inclusive and fairer B.C., and create a better future for everyone.”

Learn More:

View the Declaration Act Action Plan: declaration.gov.bc.ca

BC Assembly of First Nations:https://www.bcafn.ca/

First Nations Summit: fns.bc.ca

Union of BC Indian Chiefs: www.ubcic.bc.ca

Reconciliation factsheet: https://news.gov.bc.ca/16437

Contacts:

Aileen Machell
Director of Communications
Office of the Premier
aileen.machell@gov.bc.ca

Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation
Media Relations
250 893-2028

Maureen Buchan
Senior Policy Director
BC Assembly of First Nations
778 945-9911


November 18, 2022


BC

David Eby sworn in as premier at Musqueam Community Centre as a sign of reconciliation

VICTORIA – Today, David Eby was sworn in as B.C.’s 37th premier while surrounded by family, friends, colleagues and community members from throughout British Columbia.

In a ceremony held in the Musqueam Community Centre, Eby made a commitment to tackle the challenges people are facing, while making meaningful improvements in the lives of British Columbians.

“British Columbia is a wonderful place to call home,” said Premier Eby. “At the same time, people are feeling uncertain about the future and worried about their families. I’m proud of the work done by John Horgan and our government to put people first. And there’s so much more to do. I’m ready to get to work with my team to deliver results that people will be able to see and feel in their lives and in their communities.”

The ceremony was hosted by the Musqueam Indian Band, the first-ever swearing in hosted by a First Nation in British Columbia. Premier Eby and invited guests were greeted by traditional drumming and a welcome from Chief Wayne Sparrow, who hailed the event as an important symbol of a shared vision of reconciliation and strengthening government-to-government relationships.

“Musqueam is pleased to host this historic event in our community. David Eby is the first B.C. premier sworn in at a First Nation – an encouraging signal that he is dedicated to reconciliation and authentic partnerships with First Nations,” said Chief Sparrow (yəχʷyaχʷələq). “Musqueam wants reconciliation to be more than a buzzword. We want action that creates substantial, positive change for Musqueam and all Indigenous people in B.C. We will be looking to Premier Eby to provide the leadership needed to truly implement Indigenous rights and create a prosperous future for every British Columbian.”

The premier promised swift action on the most pressing issues facing British Columbians: fixing the housing crisis, making communities safer, strengthening health care and acting on climate change. All work will be done in close partnership with Indigenous Peoples, as well as federal and municipal governments.

Premier Eby’s first action as premier is two new cost-of-living credits for B.C. residents and businesses to help people with bills, groceries or transportation costs:

  • a one-time $100 cost-of-living credit for BC Hydro customers – equivalent to one month of electricity charges for most single-family homeowners; and
  • a new BC Affordability Credit to help low- and middle-income earners with rising costs.

The new BC Affordability Credit will provide as much as an additional $164 per adult, and $41 per child, or as much as $410 for a family with two children earning $43,051, with a sliding scale of credits for families earning as much as $150,051.

Speakers were invited to share stories and reflect on the values that Eby will bring to the role of premier, including community members and advocates with whom he worked throughout his career in politics and many years of legal advocacy in the public interest.

Quick Facts:

  • David Eby is British Columbia’s 37th premier.
  • He was first elected as the MLA for Vancouver-Point Grey in 2013, serving as the Opposition critic for housing and gaming policy.
  • After the BC NDP formed government in 2017, Eby was appointed attorney general and minister responsible for ICBC, gaming and liquor. In 2020, Eby was appointed as the minister responsible for housing.
  • Eby lives in Vancouver with his wife, Dr. Cailey Lynch, a practising family doctor, and their children, Ezra and Iva.

Quotes:

Joy MacPhail, chair, BC Ferries Board of Directors, and former cabinet minister ­–

“When big problems demand bold action, it is good to have someone with a calm and considerate approach. David Eby is that person. He is always measured and open to innovative ideas. I saw that first-hand when we worked together to fix what was broken at ICBC. David put out the dumpster fire and turned rate hikes into rebates for people. It’s going to be exciting to see David and his team tackle problems people are facing in housing, public safety and health care. There’s no doubt that David has the right approach for these challenging times. He’s always thinking about how to deliver results that make life better for everyone.”

Shirley Chan, Vancouver Point Grey resident, community advocate and 2020 Order of B.C. recipient –

“As an MLA, David has always been accessible to people and committed to addressing problems, big and small, in his community. I connected with David over my efforts to prevent the displacement of seniors in Chinatown and found him to be open, willing to listen and to take advice to find the best path forward. It makes me hopeful to know that David will be stepping into the role of premier, because I believe he will be a strong champion for the people of B.C.”

Ayaan Jeraj, high school student and premier of Vancouver Youth Parliament –

“As a young person interested in community-building, I am inspired by David’s commitment to public service. I know my generation will face many challenges – from climate change to housing affordability, and seeing David’s commitment to tackling these challenges head on makes me hopeful for the future.”

John Horgan, MLA for Langford-Juan de Fuca, 36th premier of British Columbia –

“When we formed government, I assigned David Eby to tackle some of our toughest problems. He put out the dumpster fire at ICBC and ended an era of money laundering a previous government ignored. He is a roll-up-your-sleeves guy who will work hard to improve the lives of British Columbians.”

Contact:

Aileen Machell
Director of Communications
Office of the Premier
Aileen.machell@gov.bc.ca

Connect with the Province of B.C. at: news.gov.bc.ca/connect


November 13, 2022


AB

Working with Indigenous leaders to improve public safety

Reconciliation is a priority for Alberta’s government. The advisory committee was created after listening to and working with Indigenous Peoples in Alberta. As partners in reconciliation, Alberta’s government will continue having these conversations to find the best ways forward to a better future.

The new committee will play a central role in providing advice and recommendations to improve public safety throughout Alberta, including in Indigenous communities. The members will advise the government on public safety initiatives, including police and peace officer reform, restorative justice, victim services and crime prevention.

Committee members are leaders from Indigenous communities and organizations across the province and reflect the diversity of Indigenous Peoples in Alberta.

“It is critical for our government to work closely with Indigenous Peoples in developing Alberta’s path forward in making sure our province is a place where everyone feels safe and protected. The committee will help us ensure our efforts to strengthen public safety are sensitive and responsive to the needs of Indigenous communities.”

Mike Ellis, Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Services

“Indigenous Peoples know the needs of their communities best, and that extends to urban centres. Indigenous-led solutions will bring meaningful improvements to safety and move us closer to reconciliation.”

Rick Wilson, Minister of Indigenous Relations

The government has appointed Marlene Orr as the chair of the Public Security Indigenous Advisory Committee. Orr is the chief executive officer of Native Counselling Services of Alberta and a member of the Parole Board of Canada’s National Indigenous Circle. She is a member of Beaver Lake Cree Nation in Treaty 6.

“The province recognizes that there are a myriad of issues Indigenous people in Alberta face regarding community safety and policing. I am honoured to have been appointed chair of the new Public Security Indigenous Advisory Committee and look forward to working with provincial officials to address these complex and diverse matters.”

Marlene Orr, chair, Public Security Indigenous Advisory Committee

The advisory committee will:

  • Participate in ongoing dialogue regarding public security initiatives.
  • Play a critical role in shaping policy and program direction.
  • Foster mutual understanding and improve collaboration with Indigenous communities.
  • Help ensure government processes align with the evolving needs of Indigenous communities across the province.

Other committee members

  • Bradley Cunningham is from Peavine Metis Settlement. He is a community justice and mediation program coordinator with the Kee Tas Kee Now Tribal Council, a board member of the Metis Settlements Appeal Tribunal and a director on the board for the Association of Alberta Sexual Assault Services.
  • Helen Flamand is from Treaty 7 and is a special project coordinator for Bigstone Cree Nation (Treaty 8) Justice and Public Safety.
  • Thomas Laboucan-Avirom is a legal and economic development officer for the Woodland Cree First Nation (Treaty 8).
  • David MacPhee is president of the Aseniwuche Winewak Nation.
  • Teddy Manywounds is director of justice for the Stoney Nakoda – Tsuut’ina Tribal Council.
  • Josie Nepinak is from the Anishinaabe Nation (Treaty 3) and is the executive director of Awo Taan Healing Lodge Society.
  • Tyler Oka is a federal reintegration worker with the Kainai Transition Centre Society, Community Corrections Program and is a member of Kainai Nation (Blood Reserve, Treaty 7).
  • Karen Telford was previously the chairperson for Fishing Lake Metis Settlement, is a small business owner and serves on the K Division Commanding Officer (RCMP) Indigenous Advisory Council.
  • Earl Thiessen is the executive director of the Oxford House Foundation of Canada.

Reconciliation is a priority for Alberta’s government. As partners in reconciliation, we are listening to and working with Indigenous Peoples in Alberta to determine the best ways forward to a better future.

Related news


October 27, 2022


Fed. Govt.

MPs back motion calling on government to recognize residential schools program as genocide

A motion from NDP MP Leah Gazan passed with unanimous consent

NDP member of Parliament for Winnipeg Centre Leah Gazan rises during question period in the House of Commons in June 2021. The House gave unanimous consent Thursday in favour of Gazan’s motion calling on the federal government to recognize Canada’s residential schools as genocide. (Sean Kilpatrick/Canadian Press)

CBC: Members of Parliament gave unanimous consent Thursday in favour of a motion calling on the federal government to recognize Canada’s residential schools as genocide.

Leah Gazan, the NDP member of Parliament for Winnipeg Centre, introduced the motion following Question Period Thursday afternoon. Gazan brought forward a similar motion in June last year, but it did not receive unanimous consent.

“Today I lift up survivors, families, and communities who have sacrificed so much in order for people across Canada to know the truth; that what happened in residential schools was a genocide. I’m grateful to parliamentarians who unanimously passed my motion recognizing the truth of Canada’s history,” Gazan said in a statement.

Pope described schools as genocidal

The motion comes after Pope Francis, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, described the schools as genocidal following a trip to Canada this summer, though he didn’t use the word during the visit.

“Yes, it’s a technical word, genocide. I didn’t use it because it didn’t come to mind. But yes, I described it. Yes, it’s a genocide,” Francis said in July.

The Church ran most of the residential schools in Canada. More than 150,000 First Nations, Métis and Inuit children were forced to attend the government-funded schools between the 1870s and 1997.

A 2015 report from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission said the schools constituted “cultural genocide” while detailing physical and sexual abuse, poor living conditions and malnutrition at them.

Gazan had announced her intention to reintroduce the motion following the Pope’s comments.

The motion says residential schools meet the United Nations definition of genocide.

Article II of the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide defines genocide as an intention to destroy “In whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.”

Genocide, according to the article, can include “Killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group,” or “Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.”


October 25, 2022


NB

New Brunswick Speech from the Throne Indigenous commitments

The Speech from the Throne has two specific Indigenous commitments:

  • Work with Indigenous and other stakeholders to transition away from coal and explore whether New Brunswick’s natural gas supply could provide a clean and reliable alternative source of energy.
  • Combat systemic racism, advance reconciliation and foster a more inclusive province.

NationTalk: FREDERICTON (GNB) – Today’s speech from the throne discussed the government’s challenges and successes, as well as focusing on new opportunities for growth.

Lt.-Gov. Brenda Murphy read the speech from the throne on behalf of the government, opening the second session of the 60th legislature.

“This session begins at a time of renewal for our province, as we emerge from the pandemic stronger and more confident in our ability to overcome challenges by working together,” said Murphy. “Despite immense upheaval and uncertainty in recent years, the people of this province have shown the resilience, conviction and innovation to aim higher, reimagine old processes and practices, and seize new opportunities.”

The speech from the throne detailed the provincial government’s legislative and policy agenda. The government plans to continue to focus on five priority areas and make progress on them through an affordable, responsive and high-performing government. These priority areas are: energizing the private sector; creating vibrant and sustainable communities; delivering dependable public health care; creating a world-class education system; and protecting the environment.

“This session, we are setting New Brunswick on a new course of prosperity and long-term sustainability,” said Premier Blaine Higgs. “We recognize there are challenges ahead, but, through careful planning, regular consultation and intentional actions that strive for meaningful outcomes, our province will continue to see historic levels of growth today and in the future. Increasingly, on the national stage, we are becoming known as a place of growth and prosperity.”

Initiatives outlined in the throne speech include:

Energizing the Private Sector

  • Invest $5 million to help businesses embrace technology for greater productivity and increased output.
  • Increase internet connectivity in remote areas to boost productivity.
  • Reduce personal income tax and property tax to advance a pro-growth agenda and attract more investors.
  • Complete negotiations on the Sustainable Canadian Agriculture Partnership to support the agriculture industry over the next five years and make New Brunswick a leader in sustainable agriculture and agri-food production.
  • Provide protection for consumers and suppliers, reduce regulatory burden on businesses, and provide greater efficiencies.
  • Work with Indigenous and other stakeholders to transition away from coal and explore whether New Brunswick’s natural gas supply could provide a clean and reliable alternative source of energy.
  • Continue to support emerging sectors, such as energy innovation.

Vibrant and Sustainable Communities

  • Ensure a regional approach to economic development, tourism promotion, community development, regional transportation and infrastructure cost-sharing.
  • Continue to partner with private and non-profit landlords to develop more affordable housing options for New Brunswickers in need, with a goal of creating an additional 405 units over the next three years.
  • Invest $3.3 million to reduce crime and support law enforcement as it addresses drug-driven crime.
  • Enact legislation focused on the safety and rights of seniors and protecting people when online, as well as ensuring the necessary tools are available to protect against intimate partner violence and find those who have gone missing.
  • Combat systemic racism, advance reconciliation and foster a more inclusive province.
  • Identify ways to support arts and culture and to create links to New Brunswick’s tourism sector, as identified in the government’s tourism strategy, The Invitation.
  • Continue to tie annual minimum wage increases to the consumer price index, to ensure New Brunswickers can afford rising costs.
  • Support people with disabilities to ensure they are included fully in the workplace and receive fair remuneration.

Dependable Public Health Care

  • Give New Brunswickers without a primary care provider greater access to health-care services through the NB Health Link.
  • Simplify the application form, streamline the application process and increase staff dedicated to processing new requests by 80 per cent to ensure newcomers are provided with timely access to medicare cards.
  • Empower health-care professionals to work on a broader scope and connect them across the system with new ways to deliver services faster.
  • Increase access to addiction and mental health services across the province.
  • Expand the Nursing Homes Without Walls project, enabling seniors to continue living in their own homes for as long as possible.
  • Leverage technology to put health-care records at the fingertips of New Brunswickers.
  • Find innovative solutions to recruiting medical professionals, including expanding seats in existing programs to train more nurses and doctors and partnering with Beal University in Maine to enable more New Brunswickers to earn a bachelor of nursing degree.
  • Increase the use of relevant data to guide investment decisions and inform system design decisions.

World-Class Education

  • Continue creating hands-on experiential work opportunities for students who are interested in learning about key sectors.
  • Create system-wide changes that allow for a learning environment where teachers can teach and students can learn with minimal disruptions, where streaming is eliminated, and where parents are clear on the programs that exist.
  • Support children in need through the expansion of the Food Depot Alimentaire free breakfast program and by investing in When Children Succeed, a Saint John initiative that helps vulnerable children succeed in school.
  • Clarify language around strike votes, strikes, lockouts and designated workers to ensure sufficient notice periods and continuity of critical services in schools.
  • Modernize governance in the anglophone sector and review required changes to the francophone sector.

Environment

  • Take the necessary steps to improve land use planning and promote more responsible and managed development of land.
  • Support communities in developing adaptation plans to prepare for the impacts of climate change, with a goal of having plans for all communities by 2030.
  • Invest more than $47 million in initiatives to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, foster educational opportunities, and build resiliency to achieve the province’s greenhouse gas reduction target for 2030 and put New Brunswick on a path to being net zero by 2050.
  • Modernize, expand and establish new waste diversion programs to reduce the amount of solid waste being disposed of and create opportunities to transform it into new materials.
  • Create a new fund for private woodlot sustainability to support private woodlot owners in implementing improved management, silviculture and forest protection practices over the long term.
  • Increase transparency and oversight of Crown lands and forest management by establishing the Crown Lands and Forests Advisory Board.

The complete text of the speech from the throne is available online.


October 21, 2022


BC

3Nations, BC regional partnership renewed strengthened

NationTalk: VICTORIA – A historic partnership agreement between the Province and the 3Nations Society, consisting of the Tahltan, Kaska, and Taku River Tlingit, continues to strengthen their communities, cultures, environmental stewardship, and well-being of their people.

This new agreement, signed on National Truth and Reconciliation Day, provides stable funding for ongoing, community-driven initiatives, and builds on previous successes.

“The Province is a proud and committed partner in this unique example of multi-nation governance, which will better serve people living in a vast portion of northern B.C.,” said Premier John Horgan. “The 3Nations – B.C. regional partnership is a community-led approach that reflects our commitment to action as guided by the Province’s Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act.”

President Chad Norman Day of the Tahltan Central Government said: “This agreement symbolizes a strengthening relationship with the Province, as well as additional commitments and resources for our children and communities to help us maintain our culture, provide additional supports to families, and to better manage and protect wildlife throughout our homelands.”

Murray Rankin, Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation, said: “The territory of the 3Nations comprise 24% of the province. We recognize the need for a unique regional and Indigenous-led approach to community well-being and environmental stewardship in such a vast and remote area. The 3Nations – B.C. regional partnership continues to put Indigenous priorities at the centre of decision making consistent with the goals of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.”

Charmaine Thom, spokesperson, Taku River Tlingit, said: “This is a positive step towards reconciliation, enabling our communities to make tangible steps towards common goals that respects the path and healing each individual Nation needs. It is using the voices of our Elders to take care of our people today and moves us all towards the future in a good way.”

Josie Osborne, Minister of Land, Water and Resource Stewardship, said: “This agreement demonstrates our shared interest in strong, mutually beneficial partnerships that advance reconciliation, self-governance and the well-being of people and communities. 3Nations Society is already proving to be a highly successful model for Tahltan, Kaska and Taku River Tlingit, and is a strong example of multi-nation governance that prioritizes the unique needs of their people and community.”

Danny Case, Chair of the Kaska Dena Council, said: “As I reflect on our collaboration as 3Nations in unity and partnership with the B.C. government on National Truth and Reconciliation Day, I am reminded that if you have the will, the heart and you work hard enough at it, we can achieve anything.  My hands are up to all the leadership, Ministers Rankin and Osborne, and our friends and family at home, who we do this great work for.”

3Nations Society is a partnership between the Tahltan, Kaska and Taku River Tlingit where the Nations work together on common goals to strengthen their communities, improve resiliency, be stewards of their lands, and renew traditional and community-based ways of supporting families. What started off as planning for new child and family services in the region led to the development of a “community driven” and “child in the centre” approach.

This new agreement establishes a stable, predictable long-term partnership and funding arrangement. It supports the Nations to plan, design and deliver the services and supports to improve the well-being of their citizens, families and communities. 3Nations provides strategic and operational support for community well-being initiatives, environmental stewardship, education, health, and emergency management across the region.

Learn More:

3Nations:https://3nations.org

Taku River Tlingit: http://trtfn.com

Tahltan Central Government: http://tahltan.org

Kaska Dena Council: https://kaskadenacouncil.com

Contacts:

Lindsay Byers
Press Secretary
Office of the Premier
Lindsay.Byers@gov.bc.ca

Art Aronson
Media Relations
Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation
Art.Aronson@gov.bc.ca
250 893-2028

Vincent Esquiro
3Nations Communications
vincentesquiro@gmail.com
867 333-2811


October 18, 2022


BC

Tahltan Central Government, B.C. take step forward to develop wildlife stewardship in Tahltan Territory

VICTORIA – The Tahltan Central Government and the Province of B.C. have agreed to work together toward the development and implementation of a world-class wildlife regime, led by Tahltan knowledge and expertise that will protect and preserve Tahltan wildlife, culture and way of being.

The Tahltan Central Government – British Columbia Accord on Wildlife Management outlines a vision and commitment for establishing a wildlife stewardship regime in Tahltan Territory. The accord highlights the Tahltan Central Government’s ongoing efforts to address the wildlife concerns of Tahltan people by protecting wildlife populations in Tahltan Territory with a focus on caribou restoration and predator management. It builds on and continues years of efforts to collaboratively advance enhanced wildlife stewardship in Tahltan Territory with the Province, including regional approaches achieved through the current Collaborative Stewardship Forum.

“The Tahltan Central Government – British Columbia Accord on Wildlife Management recognizes Tahltan title and rights, Tahltan local knowledge and Tahltan values. Since time immemorial, the Tahltan Nation’s identity and the essence of who we are as a distinct society has been connected to our land. We are the land. We are our wildlife,” said Chad Norman Day, president, Tahltan Central Government. “Tahltans have reiterated that there will be no world-class mining in our territory without world-class wildlife management and stewardship. This accord echoes our view. We have been standing up for our rights as Tahltan people, demanding respect of our knowledge and values, and fighting for our future generations. As a Nation, we are grieving the loss of our first Tahltan Wildlife Guardian, Jarett Quock. I am proud to see his passionate work reflected in this accord and thank him for all that he has done for the Tahltan Central Government, our wildlife department and the Tahltan Nation. I am grateful to our wildlife department and our guardians who are out on the land working hard to protect our wildlife. Mēduh.”

Katrine Conroy, Minister of Forests, said: “British Columbians value the incredible variety of wildlife and supporting ecology in our province. Wildlife is crucial to protecting the Tahltan’s Aboriginal rights, culture and way of life. This accord creates opportunities for expanded collaboration on wildlife stewardship that respects Tahltan needs and offers clear opportunities for resident hunters, guide outfitters and shared benefits throughout the region.”

The shared vision and commitment is an integral step along the reconciliation pathway between the Province and the Tahltan Nation. The accord parallels other efforts to foster resource development founded on recognition and respect of Tahltan Aboriginal title and rights, fostering sustainable economic growth, rigorous environmental standards and social responsibility.

The new wildlife management system will have three core elements:

  • joint wildlife governance;
  • co-management; and
  • joint information and data collection.

There are also immediate measures to be implemented that include caribou and moose monitoring plans and support for Tahltan predator monitoring and management.

Quick Facts:

  • Tahltan Territory is 95,933 square kilometres, or the equivalent of 11% of the province of British Columbia, and is in northern B.C.
  • Joint wildlife governance is possible under Section 7 of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act (Declaration Act), which passed in 2019.
  • On June 6, 2022, Tahltan and B.C. signed a consent-based decision-making agreement under Section 7 of the Declaration Act for the Eskay Creek Revitalization Project.

Learn More:


October 5, 2022


NL

Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Speech from the Throne

Section on Reconciliation

NationTalk: With the recent marking of the second annual Day for Truth and Reconciliation on September 30, it was a time for reflection on the province’s relationship and history with Indigenous people.

My Government remains committed to consultations with Indigenous groups and weekly meetings with leaders that support open and frank discussions on important issues.

Considerable work is being done through the Provincial Indigenous Women’s Gatherings and recommendations provided from the Provincial Indigenous Women’s Steering Committee will inform actions that may be taken to address the primary concerns of Indigenous women, girls, 2SLGBTQQIA+ individuals, and communities, including the prevention of systemic violence and discrimination. My Government will continue to work with partners from across the country to advance the National Action Plan on Missing and Murdered Indigenous women, girls, and 2SLGBTQQIA+ people.

My Government and the Innu Nation have launched the Inquiry into the Treatment, Experiences and Outcomes of Innu in the Child Protection System. The ultimate goal of the Commission will be to make necessary changes that guarantee the protection and safety of all Innu youth in care.


October 1, 2022


Fed. Govt.

Canada and Anishinabek First Nations commemorate historic milestone on self-government agreement

NationTalk: October 1, 2022 —Nipissing First Nation, Robinson Huron Treaty Territory ON — Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada and Anishinabek Nation

Today, the Honourable Marc Miller, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, joined Anishinabek Nation Grand Council Chief Reg Niganobe, Chief Lloyd Myke of Magnetawan First Nation, Gimaa Kwe Rhonda Williams-Lovett of Moose Deer Point First Nation, Chief Scott McLeod of Nipissing First Nation, Chief Larry Roque of Wahnapitae First Nation, and Chief Irene Kells of Zhiibaahaasing First Nation at an in-person ceremony to celebrate the Anishinabek Nation Governance Agreement, which came into effect today. This celebration is an opportunity for the parties to commemorate the signing of the Agreement, which took place at a virtual ceremony earlier this year.

The Anishinabek Nation Governance Agreement is the first self-government agreement of its kind in Ontario. It marks an important step for the signatory Anishinabek First Nations, as the parts of the Indian Act concerning governance will no longer apply.

Achieved through about 25 years of negotiation, this historic Agreement recognizes Anishinabek control over governance and the law-making powers of the signatory First Nations in key areas. The First Nations will make their own decisions about how their elections will be held, who their citizens are and how their governments will operate, as well as how best to protect and promote Anishinaabe language and culture.

The Government of Canada is working with First Nation partners to restore respectful nation-to-nation relationships, recognize their inherent right to self-determination and support communities as they move out from under the Indian Act and transition to self-government.

Quotes

“I am honoured to take part in today’s celebration with Anishinabek leadership, Elders, youth and community members to mark this milestone in the implementation of the Anishinabek Nation Governance Agreement. This is an important step away from the Indian Act for the signatory Anishinabek First Nations to implement their right to self-determination and their visions of a better future for their communities.”

The Honourable Marc Miller
Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations

“Today marks an important milestone in the implementation of the Anishinabek Nation Governance Agreement Act. We are honoured to be here with the B’Maakonigan communities and the Honourable Marc Miller to commemorate this unprecedented occasion. We share in the collective enthusiasm at the vast potential this new Agreement will create for these signatory communities.”

Grand Council Chief Reg Niganobe
Anishinabek Nation

“Our community of Moose Deer Point First Nation welcomes the implementation of the Anishinabek Nation Governance Agreement Act. Our self-determination to govern in our own ways and to have our sovereignty respected by Canada is a positive step towards meaningful reconciliation.”

Gimaa Kwe Rhonda Williams-Lovett
Moose Deer Point First Nation

“We express our appreciation for this next step towards implementation of the Agreement. We will be able to provide our citizens with the approaches and efficiencies within resource distribution that we were not able to before and service our community the way we have always intended.”

Chief Larry Roque
Wahnapitae First Nation

“As our Nations strive to reassume our rightful jurisdictions over our own governance, the Anishinabek Nation Governance Agreement provides us with a tool to remove ourselves from sections of the Indian Act, freeing us to govern and protect our elections, language and culture, citizenship, and management and operations. This is a positive step towards self-government.”

Chief Scott McLeod
Nipissing First Nation

“Governance to Magnetawan Anishinabek is the next step forward in exercising our inherent right to govern ourselves, and position our community and membership in creating our Supreme Laws.”

Chief Lloyd Myke
Magnetawan First Nation

“This Agreement is one for our history books. It will help us build new relationships within our community. We need to keep Anishinaabemowin alive in order for us to connect with our surroundings and be proud of who we are.”

Chief Irene Kells
Zhiibaahaasing First Nation

Quick Facts

  • Self-government negotiations with the Anishinabek Nation on governance began in 1995, led to an Agreement-in-Principle in 2007 and concluded in 2019.
  • Over the past two years, the Agreement was approved by the citizens of each signatory First Nation through a community vote.
  • This followed extensive community outreach during this period as well as engagement with Anishinabek citizens during the negotiations.
  • The Agreement was signed by the parties in April 2022 and federal legislation to bring the Agreement into effect received Royal Assent on June 23, 2022. The effective date for the Agreement is October 1, 2022.
  • As the next step, the signatory First Nations (who comprise the Anishinabek Nation Government) will pass their own laws to create and run their new governance system.
  • This work will be supported by increased funding to the First Nations to carry out their new responsibilities and invest in community priorities for a better future.
  • In April 2022, the signatory First Nations determined the new central governing body name, B’Maakonigan (Anishinabek Nation Government).
  • This is not the first self-government agreement negotiated with the Anishinabek Nation. In 2018, the parties concluded a self-government agreement on education that is now in effect for 23 Anishinabek First Nations in Ontario.

Associated links

About the Anishinabek Nation Governance Agreement
Anishinabek Nation Governance Agreement
Anishinabek Nation
Self-government in Canada

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For more information, media may contact:

Renelle Arsenault
Director of Communications
Office of the Honourable Marc Miller
Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations
renelle.arsenault@rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca

Media Relations
Crown–Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
819-934-2302
RCAANC.media.CIRNAC@sac-isc.gc.ca

Laura Barrios
Communications Coordinator
Anishinabek Nation
705-498-1957
laura.barrios@anishinabek.ca


October 1, 2022


PE

Prince Edward Island celebrates Treaty Day

Today is the fourth year of recognizing October 1 as Treaty Day, an important step in the Province’s commitment to reconciliation with the PEI Mi’kmaq.

Due to Hurricane Fiona and ongoing recovery efforts, public events for Treaty Day have been cancelled.

This significant day celebrates the continuing friendship and shared history of Islanders and the PEI Mi’kmaq and continues to affirm the Province’s commitment to advancing reconciliation.

“Today is the fourth annual Treaty Day here in Epekwitk, which recognizes the relationship between the Epekwitnewaq Mi’kmaq and the Crown,” said Chief Darlene Bernard of Lennox Island First Nation. “Treaty Day is a chance to raise awareness of the Peace and Friendship Treaties that still bear great significance today. It is important that the Epekwitnewaq Mi’kmaq and public have knowledge of these treaties and what they mean. We are all Treaty People, and that comes with certain rights and responsibilities, not just for the Mi’kmaq, but for all Islanders. I encourage people to take time and learn about Aboriginal and Treaty rights, and learn more about Mi’kmaq traditions, history, and culture.”

“It’s the fourth anniversary of Treaty Day and our continued partnership to raise awareness of Mi’kmaq history and culture,” said Chief Junior Gould of Abegweit First Nation. “There is much to learn about the Mi’kmaq here in Epekwitk, both historically and presently, and recognition of the treaties signed between the Mi’kmaq and the Crown is essential as we work towards reconciliation. Epekwitk is home to all Islanders. It is vital that we take time to acknowledge our shared history and where we can go when we work together in peace and friendship, as our ancestors intended when they signed these treaties.”

The Mi’kmaq Grand Council flag will be raised at the Provincial Administration Building (PAB) courtyard and it will fly for the entire month of October.

Premier King and Chiefs Bernard and Gould were going to sign a memorandum of understanding on treaty education today, as part of the provincial government’s commitment to work together with the PEI Mi’kmaq. However, the signing is delayed due to the ongoing recovery efforts post Hurricane Fiona.

“Treaty Day is an important day for the province to recognize and reinforce our relationship with the PEI Mi’kmaq and Indigenous peoples,” said Premier Dennis King, and Minister responsible for Indigenous Relations. “We are committed to work together on future initiatives, including treaty education. We look forward to taking this important step towards meaningful reconciliation.”

Visit Understanding Indigenous Matters and L’nuey to learn more about reconciliation.

Media contacts:
Nicole Yeba
Executive Council Office
Bilingual Senior Communications Officer
ntyeba@gov.pe.ca

Sean Doke
L’nuey
Media Relations Officer
sdoke@lnuey.ca


September 28, 2022


AB

Alberta provincial court releases Indigenous Justice Strategy

The Indigenous Justice Strategy aims to ensure Alberta judges and staff have a clear understanding of Indigenous history, heritage and laws, as well as establishing Indigenous cultural practices in court. But as Morgan Black explains, some critics say it’s a band-aid solution to a systemic issue.

Global News (Canadian Press): Alberta’s provincial court has announced a plan outlining ways it can better serve Indigenous people. The Indigenous Justice Strategy announced Wednesday by Chief Judge Derek Redman follows two years of discussions with First Nations and Métis leaders, as well as legal groups.

“The one thing that we did not want was another report,” Redman said. “What we wanted was an action document.”

It includes 20 measures such as ensuring judges and staff have a comprehensive understanding of Indigenous history, heritage and laws, as well as establishing Indigenous cultural practices in courthouses and courtrooms where appropriate.

READ MORE: ‘Education is the key’: Why reconciliation needs to start with students

The strategy incorporates some steps the court had already been taking, Redman said. He said the strategy is meant to address the lack of access Indigenous people have to the courts, the lack of confidence they have in the justice system, the overrepresentation of Indigenous people in pre- and post-trial custody and the overrepresentation of Indigenous children in care.

It also aims to address several calls to action by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, such as:

  • ensuring lawyers receive appropriate cultural competency training and
  • providing more support for Indigenous programming in halfway houses, parole services and relevant services to inmates.

Meetings are to be held annually between court leadership, leaders of Treaties 6, 7 and 8, and leaders of the Metis Nation of Alberta and Metis settlements to maintain relationships and address community needs.

Redman said this was the strategy’s most important measure. “I think it begins with relationships and learning,” he said. Redman’s advisers on the strategy included three Indigenous judges who emphasized the importance of education. “The court needs to be educated about the needs, the history, the culture of Indigenous persons,” he said.

“We do a lot of that, but we are challenging ourselves to do it in a more thoughtful, comprehensive way.”

Marlene Orr, chief executive officer of Native Counselling Services of Alberta, said the work felt deeply meaningful. “There’s a recognition in this strategy that Indigenous people have had their own traditional justice systems and that that may look very different from what we see in the courts,” she said. “It looks exciting.”

Richard Mirasty is an Indigenous criminal defence lawyer in Edmonton. He feels the plan — though a noble endeavour — won’t have much of an impact on a larger problem that he sees in his practice every day. “It’s a band-aid solution on a much larger issue,” he said, adding there are systemic issues that need to be addressed before people even get to the courtroom.

“It’s the whole issue of Indigenous peoples being marginalized. Again, it’s no accident that upwards of 90 per cent of people on any given day in a courtroom in Edmonton are Indigenous people. Why is that? That’s what needs to be resolved.”

The announcement comes two days before the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation. Redman, who was appointed as Chief Judge in 2020, is from Lethbridge, Alta., and has been practising law since the early ’80s.

The Calgary Indigenous Court was established in 2019, encompassing many of the steps included in the Indigenous Justice Strategy. The provincial court in Edmonton has been operating its Indigenous courtroom since the spring but will hold an official ceremony on Friday morning.


September 28, 2022


Ministers Honour Joyce Echaquan and Re-Affirm Commitment to Addressing Anti-Indigenous Racism in Canada’s Health Systems

Indigenous Services Canada: Ottawa, Ontario (September 28, 2022) – The Minister of Indigenous Services, Patty Hajdu, the Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, Marc Miller, and the Minister of Health, Jean-Yves Duclos, issued the following statement today:

“Health care is a human right, and should be free of racism and discrimination. But the systemic discrimination and racism that Indigenous Peoples face in Canadian health care systems continues. Tragically, this has led to services that come with stigma, and has resulted in trauma and even death, as in the case of Joyce Echaquan, who recorded her treatment in an emergency room just prior to her passing.

Two years ago today, Canadians were appalled by the mistreatment that Joyce Echaquan endured while seeking medical care shortly before her death. Since that day, the Government of Canada has led action and supports to address systemic racism in health care and to foster change in systems of care that will lead to safer health services for Indigenous Peoples in Canada.

Joyce’s story revealed and amplified the racial stereotypes and bias that continue to harm First Nations, Inuit and Métis individuals and communities. Her tragic and avoidable death ignited a long overdue call to address the truths that exist in our health systems and the urgency for change. In Joyce’s memory, the Atikamekw Nation created “Joyce’s Principle,” which aims to protect the right of all Indigenous Peoples to equitable access, without any discrimination, to all social and health services, as well as the right to enjoy the best possible physical, mental, emotional and spiritual health.

Since Joyce’s passing, the federal government has funded over 50 Indigenous-led projects across the country to foster safer and more inclusive health systems. These projects are just the beginning. It will take commitment from all levels of government and all health care systems to fundamentally address ongoing systemic racism in a structural way. This is a task that must be done by leaders and included in every aspect of governance and delivery. As we continue this work with partners to eliminate systemic racism and discrimination in health care, we reflect on this anniversary as a reminder of how important this work is, and how much more remains ahead of us. Most importantly, we must lift up Joyce’s Principal and honour the life of Joyce Echaquan.”

Contacts

For more information, media may contact:

Alison Murphy
Press Secretary
Office of the Honourable Patty Hajdu
Minister of Indigenous Services
Alison.Murphy@sac-isc.gc.ca

Media Relations
Indigenous Services Canada
819-953-1160
media@sac-isc.gc.ca

Justine Leblanc
Press Secretary
Office of the Honourable Marc Miller
Minister of Crown–Indigenous Relations
justine.leblanc@rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca

Media Relations
Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
819-934-2302
RCAANC.media.CIRNAC@sac-isc.gc.ca


September 1, 2022


SK

The Government of Saskatchewan is seeking feedback on the First Nation and Métis Consultation Policy Framework (CPF)

The CPF was released in 2010 and presents the Government of Saskatchewan’s policy on consultation with First Nation and Métis communities. It includes the roles and responsibilities of the Government of Saskatchewan, First Nation and Métis communities, proponents and other levels of government when there is a Duty to Consult.

“The overarching goal of our Duty to Consult policy is to facilitate mutually beneficial relationships among the Government of Saskatchewan, First Nations, Métis and industry that contribute to a growing provincial economy,” Minister Responsible for First Nations, Métis and Northern Affairs Don McMorris said. “Through this engagement, government will be able to hear about the successes, strengths and opportunities for improvement with the First Nation and Métis Consultation Policy Framework.”

The Government of Saskatchewan has a Duty to Consult with, and accommodate as appropriate, First Nations and rights-bearing Métis communities before a decision or action has the potential to adversely impact the exercise of:

Treaty and Aboriginal rights, such as the right to hunt, fish and trap for food on unoccupied Crown lands and other lands to which First Nations and Métis have a right of access for these purposes; and
Traditional uses of land and resources, such as the gathering of plants for food and medicinal purposes and the carrying out of ceremonial and spiritual observances and practices on unoccupied Crown lands and other lands to which First Nations and Métis have a right of access for these purposes.

The Province is gathering feedback from leaders of First Nation and Métis communities and organizations, industry, municipal organizations and members of the public. Feedback will be gathered in multiple ways throughout this summer and fall, including in-person meetings, written submissions and surveys. Information gathered will be reviewed and analyzed to identify common themes that will help inform future revisions to the CPF.

To learn more about this engagement process and how to provide your feedback, visithttps://www.saskatchewan.ca/government/public-consultations/first-nation-and-metis-consultation-policy-framework-engagement.

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For more information, contact:
Bailey Salkeld
Government Relations
Phone: 306-798-6095
Email: bailey.salkeld2@gov.sk.ca


August 30, 2022


BC

S’ólh Téméxw Stewardship Alliance heritage sites receive new legal protections

NationTalk: CHILLIWACK – Sacred, spiritual and ceremonial heritage sites on Crown lands within Stó:lō Nation territory now have legal recognition and protection through a landmark pilot agreement.

The agreement, which is the first of its kind in B.C., was collaboratively developed by the S’ólh Téméxw Stewardship Alliance (the STSA) and the provincial government under the Heritage Conservation Act. It provides protection for 45 heritage sites and outlines a consensus-seeking, shared decision-making process between the STSA and the Province for ongoing heritage-site management.

“Protection of sacred Indigenous heritage sites is critical to the spiritual well-being of Indigenous communities and an important part of our reconciliation journey,” said Katrine Conroy, Minister of Forests. “First Nations have long called for a more direct role in heritage conservation as part of reforming how heritage sites are administered in British Columbia. Through this pilot, we are acting on our commitment to working in partnership with Indigenous Peoples to protect these important sites.”

The act automatically protects heritage sites that contain artifacts, features, materials or other physical evidence of human habitation or use that pre-date, or are likely to pre-date, 1846, as well as burial places with archeological or historical value, rock art of Aboriginal origin and heritage wrecks. The Provincial Heritage Register includes over 60,000 protected heritage sites.

More than 90% of these are of First Nations origin. Sites on private or Crown land are automatically protected, whether they are known or unrecorded, intact or disturbed. Protected sites cannot be altered without a permit.

Under the act, the Province can enter into an agreement with a First Nation with respect to the conservation and protection of its cultural heritage sites and objects. These agreements, like the pilot agreement with the STSA, can provide protection for heritage sites of spiritual, ceremonial or cultural value, which would not otherwise be automatically protected under the act. Examples include sacred spiritual practice areas or ceremonial belongings. Agreements may also provide opportunities to jointly develop policies or procedures for Heritage Conservation Act permits affecting these sites.

Through government-to-government negotiation, the STSA and the Province have entered into this agreement to protect sites identified by the STSA as holding spiritual or cultural meaning. An implementation framework was co-developed as part of the agreement.

The pilot agreement will be in effect for one year. Before it ends, the STSA and the Province will evaluate the outcomes of the agreement and recommend whether to amend, extend or allow it to conclude. This agreement will provide important learning for potential future agreements with other First Nations and inform the recently launched Heritage Conservation Act Transformation Project.

In March 2022, the B.C. government released the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act Action Plan, which outlines how the Province will implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UN Declaration). The Action Plan includes a commitment (4.35) to “work with First Nations to reform the Heritage Conservation Act to align with the UN Declaration, including shared decision-making and the protection of First Nations cultural, spiritual, and heritage sites and objects.”

This Action Plan commitment is being advanced through Phase 1 of the Heritage Conservation Act Transformation Project. The transformation project includes broad engagement with modern Treaty Nations, First Nations and key stakeholders of the Heritage Conservation Act and its administration, its alignment with the UN Declaration and the engagement process. Phase 1 will inform priority areas of change to align the act with the UN Declaration and to better meet the needs of all British Columbians.

Learn More:

Learn more about B.C.’s Archaeology Branch, heritage legislation and policies here:
https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/natural-resource-use/archaeology

Learn about the Heritage Conservation Act Transformation Project here:

https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/industry/natural-resource-use/archaeology/hca-transformation-project

Read B.C.’s Declarations on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act here:

https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/governments/indigenous-people/new-relationship/united-nations-declaration-on-the-rights-of-indigenous-peoples

Read the Declaration Act Action Plan here:

https://declaration.gov.bc.ca/

Learn more about the S’ólh Téméxw Stewardship Alliance here:

www.thestsa.ca

Two backgrounders follow.

Contact:

Ministry of Forests
Media Relations
250 896-4320

BACKGROUNDER 1

What people are saying about protection of heritage sites

Angie Bailey, Chief of Aitchlitz First Nation, S’ólh Téméxw Stewardship Alliance (STSA) political spokesperson –

“For a very long time, the leadership of our organization, representing the 17 Stó:lō First Nation members of the S’ólh Téméxw Stewardship Alliance, have worked toward enhancing our decision-making authorities over activities that affect our lands and our resources. A particular focus has been protecting our sacred heritage sites, including our transformation places, our ancestral cemeteries and our places of cultural practice. These are some of our most sensitive and important places in S’ólh Téméxw (our world), which historically have been badly disrespected. This agreement marks an achievement in our efforts to gain greater recognition of our Indigenous culture and heritage, as well as our Indigenous rights as stewards. Our Old People worked for generations alone in this effort. Now, we are joined by our provincial partners in the Ministry of Forests, jointly working to protect sacred Stó:lō sites and share in making decisions on activities that may affect them. This is a major step forward for First Nations heritage conservation in British Columbia.”

Mark Point, Chief of Skowkale First Nation, STSA executive board member –

“The STSA, and we as Stó:lō people, have lobbied a long time for this moment and we are pleased to celebrate with our partners in B.C. the recognition of our Indigenous world view and Indigenous landscape of sacred sites under this agreement – the first of its kind in the province. For far too long, our sacred sites have been ignored in the eyes of the settlers in our lands. We suffered serious losses to our heritage through the development of our lands over which we have had no say. Now things are changing for the better. Our agreement provides us a voice in decision-making with B.C., and it provides us visibility through the recognition of some of our most sacred sites. We believe that this agreement will be helpful to others and taking similar steps forward in reconciling the relationship between settler and Indigenous landscapes and serving to better care for places a great cultural importance.”

David Schaepe, director, Stó:lō Research and Resource Management Centre, chair and general manager, STSA, lead negotiator for STSA –

“Developing the Heritage Conservation Act Section 4 Agreement was a tremendous collaborative undertaking. We’ve opened a new chapter in expanding the scope of Indigenous heritage recognition and protection in B.C. This agreement navigates a middle ground of inclusion in what constitutes a truer public heritage. It is making headway, climbing the ladder of shared decision-making. I believe this to be a good precedent for others to work with throughout the province and more broadly.”

Murray Rankin, Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation –

“Making sure that important cultural, spiritual and heritage sites and objects are protected for the future, and in a way that has decisions being made jointly between government and First Nations, is a vital part of reconciliation. The Declaration Act and the Action Plan have provided guidance and direction for government as we move forward, and this agreement between the Province and S’ólh Téméxw Stewardship Alliance is a good example of that.”

Contact:

Ministry of Forests
Media Relations
250 896-4320

BACKGROUNDER 2

Facts about heritage sites on Crown lands within Stó:lō Nation territory

The 45 Stó:lō heritage sites covered by the agreement are located in the Central Fraser Valley, in the Chilliwack and lower Fraser River watersheds.

  • The S’ólh Téméxw Stewardship Alliance consists of 17 First Nations:
    • Chawathil First Nation;
    • Cheam First Nation;
    • Kwaw’Kwaw’Apilt First Nation;
    • Scowlitz First Nation;
    • Seabird Island Band;
    • Shxw’ōwhámél First Nation;
    • Skawahlook First Nation;
    • Skwah First Nation;
    • Sumas First Nation;
    • Yale First Nation; and
    • the Ts’elxwéyeqw Tribe, including:
      • Aitchelitz First Nation;
      • Shxwhà:y Village;
      • Skowkale First Nation;
      • Soowahlie First Nation;
      • Squiala First Nation;
      • Tzeachten First Nation; and
      • Yakweakwioose First Nation.

Contact:

Ministry of Forests
Media Relations
250 896-4320


August 26, 2022


Fed. Govt.

Survivors’ Flag raising on Parliament Hill by residential school survivors, the National Centre of Truth and Reconciliation, and the Honourable Marc Miller

WINNIPEG — Residential school Survivors and the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR) will be joined by the Honourable Marc Miller, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations for the raising of the Survivors’ Flag on Parliament Hill. Once raised, the flag will fly for two years.

Survivors, the NCTR and Minister Miller will make themselves available for questions and comments following the event.

Where:

Parliament Hill

111 Wellington St, Ottawa, ON  K1A 0A9

When:

Monday, August 29, 2022

11 AM (ET)

***Media must arrive for 10 a.m. to register with accreditation

Background

This commemorative flag was created by Survivors to share their expression of remembrance with the broader public and to honour all residential school Survivors, families, and communities impacted by the residential school system in Canada. The flag was developed through consultation and collaboration with Inuit, Mi’kmaq, Atikamekw, Cree, Ojibway, Dakota, Mohawk, Dene, Nuu-chah-nulth, Secwepemc, and Métis Survivors.

This event will feature residential school Survivors sharing their truths and experiences. The Survivors’ Flag affirms commitment to the remembrance of the lives lost through, and impacted by, the residential school system. As reconciliation continues to be a critical priority of the government, the raising of the flag is an important symbol of commitment to Survivors.

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For more information:

media@emdashagency.ca


August 24, 2022


Fed. Govt.

Canada and Aotearoa-New Zealand sign Indigenous Collaboration Arrangement

Indigenous Services Canada: Wellington, New Zealand – Today, the Honourable Patty Hajdu, Minister of Indigenous Services, issued the following statement on the Indigenous Collaboration Arrangement signed by Canada and Aotearoa-New Zealand:

“Alongside an inspiring all-women Indigenous delegation, I am honoured to sign this Indigenous Collaboration Arrangement on behalf of the Government of Canada, which formalizes Canada and Aotearoa-New Zealand’s shared commitment to promote and advance the priorities of Indigenous Peoples in both of our countries.

Since 2020, government officials from Indigenous Services Canada, Crown–Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs, and Te Puni Kōkiri (Ministry of Māori Development) have been working together to draft the Arrangement, in consultation with Indigenous partners in Canada and key Maori leaders and stakeholders. The Arrangement follows the signing of the Indigenous Peoples Economic and Trade Cooperation Arrangement (IPETCA) last year, and is just another step in our shared journey of reconciliation.

The Arrangement, unique to Canada and Aotearoa-New Zealand, builds on IPETCA and supports relationship-building, collaboration, and information exchange between Indigenous Peoples around economic, cultural, political, social, and environmental policy issues. Through the contributions of First Nations, Inuit, Métis and Māori, Indigenous ideals, aspirations and worldviews are woven directly into the fabric of the Arrangement, ensuring that it is Indigenous-led and government-enabled.

During the first year under this Arrangement, we have committed to focus on:

  • promoting the recognition of Indigenous rights and collective responsibilities, and continuing our work to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;
  • advancing self-determination by exchanging information and sharing initiatives and best practices;
  • developing and delivering quality and timely services with, for and by Indigenous Peoples in core areas such as education, and services for families, children, youth, women and gender-diverse people;
  • supporting the physical, emotional, spiritual and mental health and well-being of Indigenous Peoples and communities; and
  • sharing data with each other to improve the visibility of Indigenous Peoples in national statistics.

Going forward, we will also continue supporting approaches to ensure Indigenous participation in the international space, including at the United Nations, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and other related international initiatives.

The signing of this Arrangement is just one step, but with many more to come. Together, with Indigenous partners, leaders, and representatives, we will continue to advance the priorities and self-determination of Indigenous Peoples in both Canada and Aotearoa-New Zealand.”

Associated links

Contacts

For more information, media may contact:

Bahoz Dara Aziz
Office of the Honourable Patty Hajdu
Minister of Indigenous Services
bahoz.daraaziz@sac-isc.gc.ca

Media Relations
Indigenous Services Canada
819-953-1160
media@sac-isc.gc.ca


August 23, 2022


AB

Monument unveiled as commemoration of the past and hope for the future: Treaty 6

A monument marking the signing of the Treaty 6 adhesion is unveiled on the Alberta legislature grounds on Aug. 21.

“I hope that this unveiling would be significant to the education for people from Alberta and Canada to talk about the treaties and how reconciliation can be done.” — Grand Chief George Arcand, Jr

WindSpeaker: A monument unveiled at the Alberta legislature Sunday, Aug. 21, sits almost directly on the spot where the adhesion to Treaty 6 was signed in 1877 by area First Nations, some of which today are still fighting for status. “I’m here today to watch the unveiling of friendship … and equal partnerships,” said Papaschase First Nation Chief Darlene Misik, whose band signed the adhesion but has no land.

“Thank you for bringing the spirit of friendship into reality. Thank you very much, because that’s the spirit we want to uphold and hope you want to uphold with our Papaschase people as well,” said Misik.

In 2021, Misik led a charge against Canada seeking recognition and compensation. The lawsuit was dismissed by a federal judge. That decision has been appealed.

Papaschase is a band split over who represents them as chief and council. It had land on the southside of Edmonton and, “as far as we’re concerned…is part of the adhesion,” said Treaty 6 Grand Chief George Arcand, Jr.

The Michel First Nation signed the adhesion but “was the only group in Canada to be forcefully mass enfranchised,” said Arcand. The Sharphead Band also signed adhesion but suffered a large number of smallpox deaths and other hardships. Band members scattered to neighbouring reserves, but many ended up in what would become the Paul First Nation.

“Ancestors of these nations’ people are still alive today and we hope that this recognition of Treaty 6 can be meaningful…for them today, as well in the hopes that their nations will get the recognition and the respect they deserve,” said Arcand, who is also chief of the Alexander First Nation.

Arcand and Misik were specially recognized along with the chiefs of the other signatories of adhesion, Chief Tony Alexis of the Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation and Chief Arthur Rain of the Paul First Nation.

Treaty 6 was signed in Fort Carlton and Fort Pitt in Saskatchewan on Aug. 23, 1876. A year later on Aug. 21, the adhesion was signed in Fort Edmonton by the Nations that could not make it to Saskatchewan. Fort Edmonton is now the Alberta legislature grounds.

The design of the monument is a tribute to a medallion gifted from the British Crown at the time of the treaty signing. It depicts a settler and a First Nations leader shaking hands. The monument has the pair raised from the background.

It was a vision that came to Harvey Young Chief in 2001. In this three-dimensional representation, the pair has “stepped out of time to reaffirm the sacred treaty relationship,” he said. “Today is a day of celebration; celebration for our forefathers and their insight to create an agreement that allows us to live here today in harmony with our neighbours and other people,” said Arcand.

“I hope that this unveiling would be significant to the education for people from Alberta and Canada to talk about the treaties and how reconciliation can be done.”

Alberta’s Lieutenant Governor Salma Lakhani called the treaty relationship with the Crown “essential.” We are forever tied not only by our history but by the actions we take today as individuals and as a society to listen, to encourage positive change and to build a better future for all,” said Lakhani.

Alberta Indigenous Relations Minister Rick Wilson called treaties the “bedrock of the relationships” between First Nations and the rest of Canada. He said that all Albertans benefit when Indigenous peoples are successful.

Edmonton Mayor Amarjeet Sohi said the desire for reconciliation from Edmontonions had never been stronger.

He said the city made “a commitment to do our part on reconciliation…We have not always been perfect in our work, but with this relationship strengthening, we will always strive to be better.”

The Confederacy of Treaty 6 Nations conceived the monument project in 2001 to recognize, at that time, 125 years of peace and friendship between the First Nations and the different levels of settler governments.

It wasn’t until 2016, one year after the Truth and Reconciliation Commission released its final report on the legacy of Indian residential schools, that collaboration began between the municipal, provincial and federal governments and First Nations in response to the commission’s 94 Calls to Action.

The piece was sculpted by Herman Poulin and cast by Don Begg.


July 18, 2022


AB

Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations signs relationship agreement with Alberta

NationTalk: Alberta’s government has signed an agreement with the Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations to strengthen their relationship through partnership and a shared path forward.

Premier Jason Kenney and Minister of Indigenous Relations Rick Wilson attended the Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations Annual General Meeting on July 19 at the River Cree Resort and Casino for a signing ceremony. Signing the relationship agreement reinforces a mutual commitment for the confederacy and Alberta’s government to address priority areas together.

“Since Day 1, Alberta’s government has been committed to rebuilding the relationship with First Nations through more than just words – what Chief Littlechild calls ‘reconcili-action.’ This means that we will work closely with Treaty 6 partners to live up to the promise of the treaty and ensure that all communities thrive together.”

Jason Kenney, Premier

“Taking meaningful steps toward true reconciliation means listening to and working with Indigenous Peoples. I thank Grand Chief George Arcand Jr. for his dedication to collaboration and re-establishing a positive, productive relationship of mutual respect with Alberta’s government.”

Rick Wilson, Minister of Indigenous Relations

“The importance of the relationship agreement with the Government of Alberta cannot be understated. It is more than just a document. It is a promise to communicate and collaborate in the spirit of respect and partnership with a focus on shared social priorities and economic prosperity, now and in the future. This agreement gives Alberta and the Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations a way to have meaningful discussions while honouring the spirit and intent of the Treaty.”

Grand Chief George Arcand Jr., Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations

The relationship agreement commits to:

  • quarterly meetings of the minister and chiefs at each table to review and approve work plans
  • an annual meeting with the Premier
  • the development of an annual report outlining progress on all 10 priority work plans

Alberta’s government is committed to provide the confederacy with a $300,000 capacity grant for the 2022-23 fiscal year upon signing of the agreement.

Quick facts

  • The confederacy is comprised of 16 member Nations, excluding Saddle Lake Cree and Onion Lake Cree Nations.
  • In July 2019, cabinet approved a mandate for Indigenous Relations to pursue a protocol agreement with the Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations.
  • The confederacy signed their inaugural Protocol Agreement on Dec. 16, 2020.
  • The Alberta-Confederacy of Treaty Six First Nations Relationship Agreement outlines four more new tables bringing the focus to 10 priorities, which include:
    • land and resources
    • health care
    • education
    • justice and policing
    • economic development and urban reserves
    • culture and tourism
    • emergency management
    • reconciliation
    • family services and housing
    • mental health, addictions and opioid crisis

July 12, 2022


SK

Saskatchewan Provides Nearly $62 Million in Gaming Payments to Support Indigenous Initiatives

NationTalk: Gaming payments are back on track in this year’s budget with a $61.5 million investment to support Indigenous-led social and economic initiatives in Saskatchewan.

Casino closures due to COVID-19 had previously impacted the payments and resulted in $80 million in emergency pandemic support over two years for First Nations and Métis organizations, in addition to community-based organizations to help offset the impact of the pandemic.

“Our province is committed to continued investment in Indigenous communities across the province that promotes economic development and supports the social well-being of Saskatchewan people,” Minister Responsible for First Nations, Métis and Northern Affairs Don McMorris said. “Revenue from Saskatchewan gaming establishments support the hard work of our partners and benefits all residents.”

The Gaming Framework Agreement governs the distribution of gaming payments and was originally signed in 2002 between the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations and Saskatchewan for 25 years, and was later extended to 35 years. The Ministry of Government Relations administers Saskatchewan’s legal obligations by distributing casino gaming profits to:

  • The First Nations Trust
  • The Métis Development Fund; and
  • Community Development Corporations (CDC) such as:
  • BATC Community Development Corporation;
  • Bear Claw Community Development Corporation;
  • Dakota Dunes Community Development Corporation;
  • Living Sky Community Development Corporation;
  • Northern Lights Community Development Corporation; and
  • Painted Hand Community Development Corporation.

These profits are used for funding initiatives related to economic, social, educational, recreational and cultural development. Other initiatives include justice-related, senior and youth programs, health projects and community infrastructure and maintenance.

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For more information, contact:

Shaylyn McMahon
Government Relations
Phone: 306-787-4340
Email: shaylyn.mcmahon@gov.sk.ca


July 8, 2022


BC

British Columbia is investing $8.4 million to advance reconciliation in the community social services sector

“Non-profits promote connection and provide valuable community services across B.C., and they need to be available and accessible to all,” said Niki Sharma, Parliamentary Secretary for Community Development and Non-Profits. “Through this investment, we are increasing community social service providers’ capacity to offer culturally safe, inclusive, accessible social services to Indigenous people throughout British Columbia.”

The funding will support the development of a reconciliation framework for the community social services sector over five years.

Overseen by the British Columbia Association of Aboriginal Friendship Centres (BCAAFC), the framework will include:

  • A custom master’s degree in business administration in Indigenous reconciliation, which will build capacity, implement cultural safety and support succession planning in the community social services sector. The program will be delivered by the University of Victoria’s Peter B. Gustavson School of Business, with the first enrolment of students to begin in spring 2023.
  • The delivery of an Indigenous cultural safety training program to give social service providers the skills and confidence needed to recognize and uproot anti-Indigenous racism.
  • The expansion and customization of existing anti-racism tools to inform organizers where cultural safety training needs to be prioritized, such as:
    • an organizational assessment tool that provides organizations with a framework to evaluate the level of anti-Indigenous racism internally as a first step toward taking action to remove it; and
    • the Safespace web application, which allows Indigenous people and others to anonymously report incidents of racism experienced within the health-care system in the province. The application has demonstrated the value of a third-party reporting system for anti-Indigenous racism and will expand to include other service areas in addition to health care.

“The British Columbia Association of Aboriginal Friendship Centres is pleased to be working together with our Indigenous Safespace app colleagues, the social services sector and the University of Victoria to begin taking steps to collaboratively build capacity in our sector as we actively move toward reconciliation,” said Leslie Varley, executive director, BCAAFC. “To be clear, this is an Indigenous-led, multi-faceted approach, fully supported by our social services sector, academic allies and our Indigenous colleagues with the shared goal of culturally safe and inclusive services for Indigenous people.”

Systemic racism, discrimination and institutional barriers create persistent challenges to Indigenous people in accessing social services. Structural and systemic change is necessary to right the injustices of the past and present, end anti-Indigenous hate and discrimination, and help build a healthy economy and inclusive province.

The Province released the 89-point Declaration Act Action Plan on March 30, 2022. The action plan, which is a legislative requirement under the Declaration on the Right of Indigenous Peoples Act, was developed in consultation and co-operation with Indigenous Peoples to ensure its actions were aligned with the priorities of First Nations, Métis and Inuit people in B.C.

The reconciliation framework is tied to action 4.41 of the Declaration Act Action Plan: “Work with First Nations, Métis-chartered communities and urban Indigenous organizations, such as BCAAFC, to provide funding for self-determined, community-led programs for Indigenous Peoples to upgrade skills, obtain credentials, secure employment, and develop and support community economies.”

Quotes:

Murray Rankin, Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation –

“We are committed to a future where Indigenous Peoples design, control and set the standards for services that support and facilitate their well-being. This investment supports an Indigenous-led, multi-faceted approach intended to uproot anti-Indigenous racism, remove barriers and support culturally safe and accessible community services for Indigenous Peoples.”

Rick FitzZaland, executive director, The Federation of Community Social Services of BC –

“The social services sector is not immune to the need to change and decolonize our work. This is an exciting step, led by Indigenous people and supported by allies in the sector, to take important steps to make social services in B.C. truly safe, inclusive and welcoming. Thank you to the Province for making this investment and to BCAAFC for their leadership.”

Saul Klein, dean, Peter B. Gustavson School of Business, University of Victoria –

“We are honoured to be invited to co-create the MBA in Indigenous Reconciliation together with BCAAFC and the provincial government. We look forward to bringing together Indigenous and non-Indigenous participants to build a shared understanding and commitment to reconciliation. This unique program will equip leaders in social services, government and non-profits to meaningfully advance reconciliation in their organizations and across our broader society.”

Dr. Kamea Lafontaine and Dr. Alika Lafontaine, co-founders, Safespace Networks –

“An Elder taught us that survivors have the deep desire to share their trauma, but individually and as a society we are rarely prepared to hear it. If we want truth to lead to real reconciliation, we need spaces built where sharing the truth and hearing the truth can be a safe experience for both storyteller and listener. Safepace Networks is proud to be part of a reconciliation strategy that protects truth tellers, educates decision makers and enables all of us to play our part in reconciliation.”

Quick Facts:

  • B.C. is home to more than 29,000 non-profit organizations that employ more than 86,000 people and contribute $6.7 billion to B.C.’s economy.
  • More than 80% of provincially contracted social services are provided by the community social service sector.
  • The B.C. Social Services Sector Roundtable provides a forum for senior government officials and agencies active in the community service sector, including BCAAFC.
  • Formed in May 2019, the roundtable collaboratively addresses issues and works to ensure co-ordinated social services delivery.

Learn More:

BC Association of Aboriginal Friendship: www.bcaafc.com

Safespace:https://safespace.healthcare/bcaafc

B.C. Social Services Sector Roundtable: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/governments/about-the-bc-government/initiatives/social-services-sector-roundtable

Declaration Act and the Declaration Act Action Plan: https://declaration.gov.bc.ca/

Contacts:

Vivian Thomas
Communications Director
Ministry of Social Development and
Poverty Reduction
778 974-5809

Ricki-Lee Jewell
Communications Coordinator
British Columbia Association of
Aboriginal Friendship Centres
communications@bcaafc.com
778 966-8571


July 3, 2022


NB

Premier Hosts Joint Meeting of Mi’kmaw Chiefs, Cabinet

NationTalk: Premier Tim Houston, cabinet ministers and Nova Scotia Mi’kmaw Chiefs held their first joint meeting today, June 30, discussing a wide range of issues and building relationships.

“This is an excellent opportunity for the government to strengthen our relationship with the Mi’kmaq and work closely together on issues our communities are facing,” said Premier Houston. “A brighter future starts with a shared belief in each other, in our communities and in all Nova Scotians.”

This discussion focused on mutual priorities in:

  • healthcare,
  • the environment,
  • the education system,
  • economic development and
  • building communities.

“It is crucial our governments work together on the goals and priorities we have in common, but also that we build a relationship so that we can work respectfully, understanding that, at times, we may have unique positions on important matters,” said Chief Annie Bernard-Daisley, Co-chair, Assembly of Nova Scotia Mi’kmaw Chiefs. “Today is a great first step to building that relationship, and we look forward to continuing these discussions with our government partners.”

“Meeting with Premier Houston and the Nova Scotia cabinet is an important demonstration of our nation-to-nation relationship and an opportunity to discuss matters that help strengthen and build our relationship as treaty partners,” said Chief Sidney Peters, Co-chair, Assembly of Nova Scotia Mi’kmaw Chiefs. “We are confident that these discussions will be the initial steps to a co-operative path forward.”

Quotes:

Through my visits to Mi’kmaw communities and meeting M’ikmaw leaders and community members, I have deepened my learning about the opportunities and challenges we share. As Nova Scotians, we are all treaty people and have a role to play in advancing reconciliation. Karla MacFarlane, Minister of L’nu Affairs

Quick Facts:

  • the last joint meeting between the Mi’kmaw Chiefs and cabinet was held in December 2017
  • last September, Nova Scotia announced that September 30 will be recognized annually as Truth and Reconciliation Day
  • the Mi’kmaw Language Act recognizing Mi’kmaw as Nova Scotia’s first language was passed by the legislature in April

Additional Resources:

Treaty Education Nova Scotia: https://novascotia.ca/treaty-education/index.html

News release – Truth and Reconciliation Day Recognized in Nova Scotia: https://novascotia.ca/news/release/?id=20210903008

News release – Legislation Enshrines Mi’kmaw as Nova Scotia’s First Language: https://novascotia.ca/news/release/?id=20220407003


June 21, 2022


NB

Government of NB launches new website tracking progress on TRC Calls to Action

 A new website was launched today, on National Indigenous Peoples Day, to provide updates on the provincial government’s progress in implementing the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s calls to action.

“One year ago, our government released a progress report outlining work already completed or underway on more than two dozen calls to action,” said Aboriginal Affairs Minister Arlene Dunn. “This website is a quick and easy way for government to provide updates for the public and remain accountable as we walk a path toward reconciliation.”

The commission’s final report was released in 2015. It called on all levels of government, in addition to organizations and residents of Canada, to take action to mend the legacy of residential schools and advance the process of reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people.

The report included 94 calls to action, 31 of which are the responsibility of the provincial government.

“As you will note, we are making many advancements,” said Dunn. “But, as I have indicated before, reconciliation is an ongoing process. It is not about checking boxes on a list, and there is still much to be done. We have trust to rebuild, relationships to establish and concrete actions to implement that demonstrate we are sincere in our commitment to reconciliation.”

Dunn said the government is making progress in several areas, including:

  • Waiving fees to make it easier for survivors of residential schools and their family members to reclaim traditional names.
  • Engaging with First Nations to commission and install a publicly accessible, highly visible residential schools monument in Fredericton to honour survivors and the children who did not survive residential schools.
  • Agreements between the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development and First Nations for curriculum development on the history of residential schools.
  • Smudging ceremonies being available across the Horizon Health Network, when requested, and sacred medicines (sage, cedar and sweetgrass) being available at most hospitals.
  • Having Indigenous patient navigators at hospitals in Fredericton and Miramichi, serving as a resource and point of contact for Indigenous patients and their families, health-care providers and community members, to ensure the provision of care is culturally safe and client-centred.
  • The Department of Aboriginal Affairs co-ordinating opportunities for cultural awareness training for all public servants. This will include training on topics such as the history of Indigenous peoples in New Brunswick and residential and day schools.

June 17, 2022


QC

2022–2027 Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Wellness of the First Nations and Inuit

Together for Future Generations: 2022–2027 Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Wellness of the First Nations and Inuit

NationTalk: The 2022–2027 Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Wellness of the First Nations and Inuit was announced today by Ian Lafrenière, Minister Responsible for Indigenous Affairs. The plan outlines the Gouvernement du Québec’s new commitments on matters affecting Indigenous communities and reflects an evolution toward nation‑to‑nation relations.

The $141.1 million Action Plan details a total of 52 government measures planned for the next five years divided into six areas, involving 13 government departments and bodies, as well as a number of Indigenous partners. Focus Read include:

CULTURE, INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES AND RECONCILIATION

  1. Develop, promote and preserve Indigenous languages in Québec (MCC)
  2. Foster the development of self-supporting learning courses for the transmissionof Indigenous languages (MES)
  3. Increase assistance for Indigenous media organizations and provide suitable support (MCC)
  4. Contribute to the vitality and outreach of Indigenous cultures (MCC)
  5. Issue a call for projects on Indigenous languages, cultural projects for school-agechildren, and Indigenous media (MCC)
  6. Increase the number of cultural development agreements, strengthen existing agreements, and continue to hire cultural development officers in communities (MCC)
  7. Support the construction of infrastructures of the “culture centre” type (SAA)
  8. Implement a campaign to make the Québec population in general more aware of the Indigenous peoples (SAA)

ISSUES AND CHALLENGES FOR INDIGENOUS WOMEN

  1. Provide emergency financial assistance for victims of violence (MJQ)
  2. Support the integration of services for Indigenous victims of domestic, family and sexual violence (MJQ)
  3. Establish a crisis line, a chat-line and referencing line specific to the First Nations and Inuit (MJQ)
  4. Establish legal services for Indigenous women who are victims of violence (MJQ)
  5. Establish psychosocial support services, as part of the court process, for Indigenous women who are victims of domestic, family or sexual violence (MJQ)
  6. Support domestic and family violence projects implemented by Indigenous police forces (MSP)
  7. Establish specialized intervention services for incarcerated Indigenous women with a history of sexual or conjugal victimization (MSP)
  8. Support organizations for Cree and Inuit women (SCF)
  9. Support initiatives that promote the mobilization and leadership among Indigenous women (SAA)
  10. Assess the needs of Indigenous women subjected to domestic violence and Indigenous children exposed to violence in terms of the residential resources provided in urban environments (MSSS)

OVERALL DEVELOPMENT FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES

  1. Support initiatives that target student retention and the success of Indigenous students (MEQ)
  2. Implement the program La cour d’école in Indigenous communities (DCPP)
  3. Support the introduction “Turaartavik” early childhood outreach workers (Agir tôt program) in Inuit communities in Nunavik for children up to six years of age and their families (MSSS)*
  4. Improve access to and the continuity of culturally relevant and secure perinatal care and services for the First Nations and Inuit (MSSS)
  5. Support the hiring of community-based, culturally-aware caseworkers in urban environments (MF)
  6. Help communities become autonomous in the area of child and youth protection by supporting and promoting the signing and implementing of agreements (MSSS)
  7. Support the adaptation of clinical practices to the realities, cultures and needs of Indigenous children and families (MSSS)
  8. Ensure that more managers, caseworkers and foster families receive training on cultural security in the area of child and youth protection and community-based services for young people in difficulty, to improve their knowledge of Indigenous realities and enhance their cultural skills (MSSS)
  9. Implement the recommendations in the Report of the Committee on the Application of Bill 21 in Aboriginal Communities, An Act to amend the Professional Code and other legislative provisions in the field of mental health and human relations (SAA)

SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS AND SOCIAL INCLUSION

  1. Support projects and initiatives for the retention and educational success of Indigenous school students (MES)
  2. Help the Société immobilière du Regroupement des centres d’amitié autochtones du Québec implement a new community living project for Indigenous students and their families in Chibougamau (MES)
  3. Develop basic education programs for English-speaking members of the First Nations and the Inuit in detention (MSP)
  4. Improve the First Nations and Inuit Faculties of Medicine Program to extend it to other professions and nations (MSSS)
  5. Provide training for MTESS employees on Indigenous realities (Mikimowin) (MTESS)
  6. Fund positions for Indigenous employment development liaison officers (MTESS)
  7. Support joint action among Indigenous youth partners and the implementation of projects with their input (SAJ)
  8. Support the mobilization, development and support of Indigenous youth (SAJ)
  9. Continue funding for the program to hire coordinators responsible for communitymobilization, citizen involvement and the promotion of healthy lifestyles (SAA)
  10. Consolidate and develop the structure of discussion tables to improve Indigenous access to services in urban environments (SAA)
  11. Introduce direct support for Indigenous students planning to continue in higher education (SAA, MES)
  12. Fund the upgrading of residential buildings in the community of Kitcisakik to prepare for the electrification of the community by HQ (SAA, MAMH/SHQ)

INDIGENOUS HEALTH AND WELLNESS

  1. Enhance the accessibility, continuity and quality of services in the realm of general psychosocial, mental health, addiction, homelessness and suicide prevention needs for First Nations members, in particular by supporting the signing of cooperative agreements between communities not covered by an agreement and institutions belonging to the health and social services network in their region (MSSS)
  2. Invest in solutions for vulnerable people in Montréal, including the homeless, put forward by the Indigenous community (MSSS)
  3. Support community street patrols working with the homeless population in Montréal (SAA)
  4. Support the deployment of fifteen additional liaison officers in the health and social services network to strengthen cultural security capacity (MSSS)
  5. Incorporate cultural security in public health actions targeting health and prevention, including suicide prevention, with the First Nations and Inuit (MSSS)

JUSTICE AND PUBLIC SECURITY

  1. Offer support and assistance culturally-adapted for Indigenous clientele subject to judicial control in collaboration with specialized organizations (MSP)
  2. Provide services and conditions for Indigenous people in detention facilities that are more likely to promote a process of rehabilitation or healing, using a culturally- adapted approach (MSP)
  3. Help maintain a mixed intervention team in Sept-Îles and Indigenous liaison officers in urban environments (SQ)
  4. Improve services in the court system for the First Nations (MJQ)
  5. Enhance access to justice in Nunavik (MJQ)
  6. Support the coordination of FNQLHSSC activities in the area of justice (MJQ)
  7. Implement an emergency call service pilot project in Nunavik (MSP)
  8. Provide training on Indigenous realities for criminal and penal prosecuting attorneys in connection with the criminal justice system (DCPP)

The government extensively consulted with First Nations members and Inuit to identify the priority concerns of their communities and ensure that the plan is satisfactory to all stakeholders. The focuses of the Action Plan include nationhood, cultural safety, the Canadian constitutional framework and the Gouvernement du Québec’s responsibilities. Significant emphasis has also been placed on Indigenous languages and cultures and Inuit‑specific considerations.

https://cdn-contenu.quebec.ca/cdn-contenu/adm/min/conseil-executif/publications-adm/saa/administratives/plan_action/2022-2027/en/summary_measures_action_plan.pdf?1655476429

https://cdn-contenu.quebec.ca/cdn-contenu/adm/min/conseil-executif/publications-adm/saa/administratives/plan_action/2022-2027/en/summary.pdf?1655473081


May 27, 2022


QC

Quebec cabinet minister vows to protect Indigenous languages following Bill 96 passage

Nunatsiaq News: Quebec Indigenous Affairs Minister Ian Lafrenière says he’s committed to supporting Indigenous people in the province, after his government approved a new law this week protecting French language use.

On Tuesday, the Quebec National Assembly voted to pass Bill 96, which aims to affirm French as the only official language in the province. It’s expected to take at least a year before the law takes effect. Despite the bill’s aim, Lafrenière said people are not going to be forced to speak French when interacting with provincial institutions.

He said people have been scared by what he called “fake news” about the government enforcing use of French, and that Indigenous people have a right to protect and speak their languages. “Protecting French does not have to be done in opposition to protecting other languages like Inuktitut,” Lafrenière said in an English-language interview with Nunatsiaq News.

However, the bill has sparked opposition among groups concerned that it will make it more difficult for Inuit in Nunavik to access services like health care and education.

That’s because it caps the number of students allowed in publicly funded, English-language post-secondary schools. It also could discourage the use of English within the health-care system, according to McGill professor Richard Budgell. He shared concerns that Inuit might have a harder time seeking health care in Quebec if French when Bill 96 comes into effect.

Lafrenière spoke to Nunatsiaq News after returning from a week spent in six Nunavik communities, as well as several First Nations communities in northern Quebec. He said discussions during the trip made him want to do more to work with Indigenous communities and organizations to find ways to protect their languages.

“I want to work that [out] with different nations, like Inuit, and we’ll be working on this to see what we should do,” he said. “It’s not clear at this moment, but we need to help out people to protect their own languages like Inuktitut, that’s for sure.” Lafrenière said he has accomplished a goal he set for himself as minister, to visit all 14 Nunavik communities.

Lafrenière said Inuit in Nunavik will benefit from $188 million over five years to Quebec’s Indigenous Initiatives Fund, to promote economic development and improve community infrastructure, although he did not elaborate on specific amounts or where the money would go. Lafrenière said he’s also committed to furthering Inuit self-determination talks in Quebec — something that was on the forefront of Gov. Gen. Mary Simon’s visit to the region earlier this month.


April 20, 2022


SK

Appointment of Senior Indigenous Advisor

Advanced Education, Education and Social Services have established a senior out-of-scope Indigenous Advisor role to lead internal and external engagement and to provide Ministry advice on strategies, policies, programs and partnerships that will lead to improving Indigenous outcomes. Other initiatives:


March 11, 2022


BC

A new reconciliation agreement between the Sts’ailes and British Columbia

STS’AILES XA’XA TEMEXW – A new reconciliation agreement between the Sts’ailes and British Columbia will support Sts’ailes’ social, cultural, economic and environmental goals, and increase prosperity for people in the lower Fraser Valley.

Sts’ailes Chief Ralph Leon shared in the Halq’emeylem language, “Ey swayel mekw’wat. Ey swayel tl’ó wáyél. Letstemot iyém te tset tl’ó wáyél. Ch’íthométsel mekw’wat te ey te syó:ys. Good day everyone. Today is a good day. Today we are strong and united. And I would like to thank everyone for the good work.”

The agreement outlines an incremental, step-by-step approach to implementation. In addition to the transfer of a 167-hectare parcel of Crown land along the Chehalis River, the agreement will support reconciliation with the Sts’ailes by providing $4.35 million over five years to support Sts’ailes in self-governance, restorative justice, economic initiatives and improved natural resource decision-making.

“Sts’ailes and the Province have a long history of partnership and I congratulate the entire Sts’ailes community for taking this next step in our journey together,” said Murray Rankin, Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation. “This new agreement strengthens our relationship, supports Sts’ailes’ goals and vision for their territory and strengthens their participation in the regional economy.”

The reconciliation agreement includes supporting the Sts’ailes with:

  • exploring and establishing new economic opportunities in tourism and recreation;
  • building a Sts’ailes Guardian environmental stewardship program;
  • promoting land stewardship through a plant inventory and studies to support future land-use planning; and
  • developing social initiatives such as restorative justice.

In addition to this agreement, the Ministry of Health is providing $2.5 million to Sts’ailes to purchase land for a Sts’ailes-led primary health-care centre.


March 3, 2022


Fed. Govt.

Pursuing legislative solution to end impact of enfranchisement under the Indian Act

The Honourable Patty Hajdu, Minister of Indigenous Services and Juristes Power Law, who represent the plaintiffs in the Nicholas v Canada (Attorney General), are pleased to announce that they have reached a mutual agreement to put the litigation on hold while working to pursue a legislative solution to end the ongoing impact of enfranchisement under the Act today.

Minister Hajdu has committed to work towards introducing legislation in the House of Commons by summer to make the necessary amendments to the registration provisions of the Indian Act.

“Enfranchisement” was a process whereby members of First Nations lost eligibility to registration and membership in their home communities. In return, they gained basic entitlements, such a:

  • Canadian citizenship
  • the right to vote in Canadian elections
  • the right to hold land in fee simple, and 
  • freedom from compulsory residential school attendance for their children.

While the enfranchisement process was removed from the Indian Act in 1985, the fact of historical enfranchisement continues to play a role in determining entitlement to registration today.


February 25, 2022


BC

Apology

BC Government expressed its deep regret for the mistakes of past governments in their treatment of Aboriginal people.


December 14, 2021


Fed. Govt.

2021 Fall Economic Statement

Government of Canada: This fiscal update includes a provision to settle the cases on harm to First Nation children currently before the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal and to invest in transforming the services offered to First Nation children and their families.

  • We have provisioned $20 billion for compensation and $20 billion to improve the system going forward.
  • $37M over 5 years for Indigenous Services Canada and the Treasury Board Secretariat to work to meet Canada’s target of 5 per cent of federal contracts being awarded to businesses managed and led by Indigenous peoples as announced on August 6, 2021. The funding will be used to modernize the Procurement Strategy for Aboriginal Business, engage and consult with Indigenous partners and rights holders, and implement a reporting framework.
  • $33M funding over 2 years proposed for Indigenous Services Canada to support a coordination agreement with Cowessess First Nation to exercise jurisdiction over child and family services under “An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families”, as announced on July 6, 2021.
  • $320M ovr 5 years is proposed for the departments of Canadian Heritage, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Indigenous Services Canada to further address the tragic legacy of residential schools. Funding will allow more Indigenous communities to undertake the work to locate, document and commemorate the burials of children who died while attending residential schools, enhance residential schools commemoration activities, install a National Residential Schools Monument, increase access to trauma-informed health and cultural support services and support the demolition and rehabilitation of residential school sites, as announced on August 10, 2021.

https://budget.gc.ca/efu-meb/2021/report-rapport/EFU-MEB-2021-EN.pdf


December 10, 2021


Fed. Govt.

Second Annual (2021) Statutory Report

Release of “Second Annual (2021) Statutory Report Pursuant to Section 10 of the Department of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Act, Statutes of Canada, Chapter 29, 2019”. The report covers the period between April 1, 2020 and March 31, 2021 and emphasizes that the government’s path to reconciliation is guided by the:

  • Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples
  • Qikiqtani Truth Commission
  • Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Calls to Action
  • National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and girls Calls for Justice
  • Implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People
  • Arctic and Northern Policy Framework

Progress to Date:

  • MMIWG Action Plan released on June 3, 2021
  • Formalizing relationships with Indigenous women’s organizations: Native Women’s Association of Canada, Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada and Les Femmes Michif Otipemisiwak (Women of the Métis Nation)
  • Completion of 16 Calls to Action (vs 4 completed by Indigenous Watchdog’s count as of March 31, 2021. Now 20 vs 8 as of March 21, 2022)
  • Introduced legislation to address UNDRIP (C2A #43), Statutory Holiday (C2A #80), Oath of Citizenship (C2A #94)
  • Advancing Calls to Action #71-76 to address Missing Children and Burial Information
  • Commitment to settle “Indigenous childhood claims litigation”
  • From Jan. 1, 2016 to March 31, 2021, 173 claims have been resolved for $4.7B in compensation. As of March 31, 2021, there were 584 claims in the Specific Claims Inventory: 177 in assessment, 338 in negotiations and 69 under the purview of the Specific Claims Tribunal

For full details on a wide range of other topics see:
https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1638827347500/1638827371759


November 17, 2021


BC

Bill 18 “Indigenous Identity” and Bill 29 “Interpretation Act Amendments”

BC Government – Tabled Bill 18, which adds Indigenous identity as a protected ground against discrimination in the B.C. Human Rights Code. He also tabled Bill 29, which amends the Interpretation Act to make it clear that all provincial laws uphold, and do not diminish, the rights of Indigenous people protected under section 35 of the Canadian Constitution. This is known as a universal non-derogation clause.

The amendments to the Interpretation Act, developed in consultation and co-operation with Indigenous representative organizations, also add an interpretive direction that all provincial acts and regulations must be read so as to be consistent with the UN Declaration.

The provincial government’s obligation under the Declaration Act to align laws with the UN Declaration in consultation and co-operation with Indigenous Peoples was at the forefront as Bills 18 and 29 were developed. The purpose of the Interpretation Act is to provide guidance and assistance for the interpretation of laws where their meaning is not clear. The act applies to every piece of legislation unless the legislation notes otherwise.
https://news.gov.bc.ca/releases/2021AG0073-002191


November 16, 2021


NT

Modern Treaty and Self-Government Partners Forum Founding Agreement

Government of NWT – Leaders from the Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT) and the five Indigenous governments with modern treaty and self-government agreements in the Northwest Territories held their third meeting as the Modern Treaty and Self-Government Partners (MTSGP).
Leaders discussed a range of issues of mutual interest related to implementation of land, resources, and self-government agreements, including:

  • Moving forward on the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in the NWT through the working group established under the NWT Council of Leaders, especially Article 37 that states treaties and agreements must be respected, recognized, observed, and enforced;
  • Continuing to work collaboratively on procurement to develop an approach that reflects the interests of all parties and recognizes the need to ensure the implementation of modern treaty obligations;
  • Identifying opportunities for social and economic recovery following the COVID-19 pandemic impact and due to the decrease in industry activity in the resource sector; and
  • Creating opportunities for joint engagement with the federal government.

The leaders also signed the Modern Treaty and Self-Government Partners Forum Founding Agreement to formally establish the Forum, an example of what reconciliation should look like between governments. It provides the five Modern Treaty partners and the Government of the Northwest Territories an opportunity to discuss matters of mutual concern and work collaboratively to improve the ongoing implementation of land claims and self-government agreements.


November 10, 2021


QC

Québec Government and Québec Native Women Quarterly Meetings

Québec Government – The Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones and Quebec Native Women (QNW) have decided to hold quarterly meetings. The meetings will make it possible to define solutions for the priority issues faced by the Indigenous women and girls represented by the group, which include:

  • health,
  • wellbeing,
  • employment,
  • poverty,
  • justice,
  • domestic and family violence, and
  • the fight against racism and discrimination.

The creation of this discussion platform will allow Quebec Native Women to work with decision-making authorities within the Québec government and to defend the interests and concerns of First Nations women and girls throughout Québec, whether living in Indigenous communities or urban areas. Both parties expect significant actions and change to emerge from the partnership, with the goal of raising the socio-economic and political conditions of Indigenous and non-Indigenous women to the same level


October 19, 2021


QC

Grand Economic Circle of Indigenous People and Quebec

Québec Government – Under the theme “Change requires your commitment!”, this call for commitment aims to invite Quebec businesses to make commitments to the Indigenous peoples.

A document presenting the Vision for the Future of Indigenous Peoples has been prepared to help companies formulate commitments that will be meaningful and promising. This document contains an overview of the current situation and presents the ambitions of Indigenous peoples in terms of socioeconomic development.
Businesses wishing to get involved will be able to benefit from support offered by the First Nations of Quebec and Labrador Economic Development Commission (FNQLEDC). For more information or to make a commitment, please visit the event website.


October 14, 2021


QC

Grand Economic Circle of Indigenous People and Quebec

The Government of Quebec and the Assembly of First Nations Quebec-Labrador (AFNQL) – are holding the Grand Economic Circle of Indigenous People and Quebec on November 25 and 26, 2021 to discuss the full participation of Indigenous people in Quebec’s economy as well as economic recovery, It will also be an opportunity for Quebec’s elected officials and business community to make commitments to Indigenous people. A call for commitment will be launched shortly to this effect.


October 8, 2021


MB

The Path to Reconciliation Act Amendments

The Manitoba government has introduced amendments to Bill 75, “the Path to Reconciliation Amendment Act” that would establish the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls Calls for Justice as a key component of its approach to advancing truth and reconciliation in Manitoba. Under this legislation, Manitoba’s efforts are to be guided by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Calls to Action and the principles set out in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.


September 24, 2021


QC

Québec Micmac Nation Discussion Panel

The Québec government has appointed a new negotiator to represent it on the Québec-Mi’kmaq Nation discussion panel. Gilles Rouleau has been selected to fill this important position and will take up his duties on September 30, 2021.

The Québec government wishes to maintain harmonious nation-to-nation relations with the Listuguj, Gesgapegiag and Gespeg Mi’kmaq communities, based on partnership, understanding, and mutual respect. Such relations hinge on the establishment of a sustained dialogue, which can lead to the negotiation of agreements on topics of shared interest and foster better cohabitation. The Québec government and the Mi’kmaq Nation have sought for several years to establish and maintain such relations. They now wish to seek mutually acceptable, long-term solutions to certain of the questions that the parties have pinpointed.


September 17, 2021


QC

Progress Report on Implementation of the Viens Commission Recommendations

Release of an interim assessment and review of the progress of the government’s initiatives, and focus on forthcoming stages of the government’s response to the “Public Inquiry Commission on Relations between Indigenous Peoples and Certain Public Services in Québec (the Viens Commission… The J’ai espoir plan that ultimately calls for $200 million in investments, of which $125 million has already been committed.

In the coming months, broader efforts will be focused on:

  • youth protection
  • the well-being of Indigenous women, and
  • education, to ensure better representation of the history of the First Nations and the Inuit.

The Québec government also noted that a new Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Development of the First Nations and Inuit is being elaborated, since the 2017-2022 action plan is about to expire. The plan will afford the government an additional tool to implement the calls for action mentioned in the report of the Public Inquiry Commission on Relations between Indigenous Peoples and Certain Public Services in Québec.
https://cdn-contenu.quebec.ca/cdn-contenu/adm/min/conseil-executif/publications-adm/saa/commission_viens/commissionViens-synthese-en.pdf?1631902227https://cdn-contenu.quebec.ca/cdn-contenu/adm/min/conseil-executif/publications-adm/saa/commission_viens/commissionViens-synthese-en.pdf?1631902227
The Table with details on progress on all recommendations is only availbale in french.


August 14, 2021


Fed. Govt.

Indigenous Community Infrastructure Fund

Federal Government announced an investment of $4.3 billion over four years for the Indigenous Community Infrastructure Fund. Starting in 2021-22, this fund will support immediate demands, as prioritized by Indigenous partners.

This includes:

  • $2.709 billion to support First Nations on reserve
  • $517.7 million to support Self-Government and Modern Treaty Partners
  • $517.8 million to support Inuit communities
  • $240 million to support Métis communities
  • $18 million to support northern Indigenous communities
  • $194.9 million to support urban and off-reserve Indigenous communities and organizations

The Government of Canada recognizes that access to quality infrastructure, which includes water treatment facilities, sufficient transportation infrastructure, well-built homes, quality health facilities, schools, and other community infrastructure is vital to a community’s physical, mental, social and economic health and well-being.


July 20, 2021


BC

Revisions to “Draft” Action Plan to Implement UNDRIP

McCarthy Tetrault – The “draft” action Plan released in June 202 “identifies 79 proposed actions that the provincial government will take to achieve the objectives of UNDRIP in cooperation with Indigenous peoples over the next five years. The Province is currently seeking input on the plan and the deadline for submissions is July 31, 2021. Some of the measures include:

  • new framework for resource revenue sharing and other fiscal mechanisms to support Indigenous peoples;
  • the negotiation of joint-decision making agreements and agreements in which consent from Indigenous governing bodies will be required before the BC government exercises a statutory decision-making power;
    enhanced treaty implementation infrastructure and education of public servants about treaty rights and obligations;
  • reviews of various policies and programs relating to the stewardship of the environment, land and resources;
  • establishing targets for Indigenous representation in the public sector and combatting racism and systemic discrimination in key areas including policing and health care;
  • supporting the revitalization of Indigenous languages and the protection of Indigenous cultural sites;
  • establishing economic metrics to help evaluate progress as reconciliation is advanced; and
  • establishing a dedicated secretariat to coordinate the Province’s reconciliation and UNDRIP compliance efforts and a new institution to provide support to First Nations in their work of nation and governance rebuilding and resolution of overlapping claims.

There are a number of measures within the Draft Action Plan that will impact resource and infrastructure development in BC, including the negotiation of joint-decision making agreements and agreements requiring consent from Indigenous governing bodies. These agreements are expressly contemplated in the Declaration Act but go beyond requirements under the duty to consult and accommodate.

The Draft Action Plan is informed by a number of principles, including being premised on:

  • a distinctions-based approach (reflecting the distinctiveness of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis and their respective rights and interests);
  • legal plurality (recognizing the multitude of legal orders including Indigenous laws);
  • enabling (supporting government-to-government relationships between Indigenous peoples and the province); and
  • impactful (making tangible improvements to Indigenous peoples’ social, physical, cultural, and economic wellbeing).

The Draft Action Plan details 79 actions to be undertaken, which are divided into four themes:

  • Self-determination and inherent right of self-government;
  • Title and rights of Indigenous peoples;
  • Ending Indigenous-specific racism and discrimination; and
  • Social, cultural, and economic wellbeing.

https://www.mccarthy.ca/en/insights/blogs/canadian-era-perspectives/bc-proposes-extensive-changes-draft-action-plan-implement-undrip


July 7, 2021


NL

Ministerial Committee on Anti-Racism

The Ministerial Committee on Anti-Racism continues work for further action and community engagement to develop the necessary tools to stop racism in Newfoundland and Labrador. Ministers agree on the following actions:

  • Reviewing legislative provisions to identify options to address hate speech in provincial laws;
  • Launching an anti-racism and anti-Islamophobia public education campaign, in consultation with cultural organizations and community partners; and
  • Commencing a provincial program review to identify and remove systemic racism, in partnership with community representatives.

Actions already underway include:

  • Culture and Diversity are embedded throughout large portions of the K-12 social studies curriculum, with significant focus on the issues of acceptance, understanding, equal rights and the negative impacts of racism, among other related topics. Future curriculum updates will build on these topics with a specific lens of anti-racism; and
  • Intercultural competency and trauma-informed training is offered to justice-sector employees to educate and inform staff and improve the interactions of people within the justice system.

July 6, 2021


Fed. Govt.

Appointment of Mary Simon as Governor-General of Canada

Appointment of Mary Simon as Canada’s 30th Governor General since Confederation. Mary Simon (Ningiukudluk) is an Inuk born in Kangisualuujjuaq, Nunavik (Quebec). She is an advocate for Inuit rights and culture in Canada. She has represented the Inuit to the Canadian government and the United Nations, including work that led to the Inuit people’s inclusion in the Constitution in 1982. Mary Simon’s has dedicated her life to working and advocating for Indigenous peoples. Her accomplishments and leadership make her an excellent role model, as she truly understands that restoring culture is central to restoring Indigenous communities.

Over four decades, she has held various senior leadership positions, including President of Makivik Corporation, where she helped to protect and promote Inuit rights through the implementation of the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement. She also served two terms as President of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference, now known as the Inuit Circumpolar Council, and as President of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami.

As the first Canadian Ambassador for Circumpolar Affairs, Ms. Simon played a leading role in strengthening the ties between the people of the Arctic regions nationally and internationally, including through the creation of the Arctic Council. She is also the founder of the Arctic Children and Youth Foundation, and has served as the Ambassador of Canada to Denmark.


June 18, 2021


ON

Creation of Super Ministry

Norther Ontario Business – Ministry of Northern Development, Mines, Natural Resources and Forestry and Ministry of Indigenous Services are all handled by Minister Greg Rickford


May 17, 2021


YT

Northern Yukon First Nations Chiefs’ Priorities

NationTalk – The Northern Yukon First Nations Chiefs recently met as part of their commitment to hold regular meetings and prepare for sharing areas of concern with the newly elected territorial government.

Three issues were identified as priorities:

DAWSON REGIONAL LAND USE PLAN

The Northern Yukon First Nations Chiefs have been united in wanting to see collaborative land use plans developed and implemented within their traditional territories and are seeking an opportunity to present to the Dawson Regional Land Use Planning Commission on the urgency of climate change considerations in the region and the interconnectedness of planning regions within the Yukon.

Climate change is occurring at an unprecedented rate within the Northern First Nations’ traditional territories and having widespread impacts, including challenges with accessing the land and rivers, affects on harvesting patterns, exacerbated environmental changes, changes to wildlife and vegetation, and impacts on the spiritual, cultural, mental, and physical well-being of First Nations people.

OIL AND GAS ACTIVITY

The Chiefs discussed ongoing oil and gas related issues affecting their communities, including aging wells within their traditional territories. They also reaffirmed their prohibitions against fracking within their traditional territories and committment to uphold the standard of free, prior, and informed consent, guided by the treaties and land use planning, to ensure the fundamental objective of sustainable development enshrined in their treaties is respected by government and industry.

DRUGS AND ALCOHOL

The Chiefs discussed the struggles their communities have with drugs and alcohol and reiterated their belief in on-the-land programming. The Chiefs are supportive of mental health hubs, but greater interventions are required. The Chiefs are prepared to work together on community-led initiatives, share ideas, and lobby for increased awareness for community-specific issues.


May 3, 2021


AB

Indigenous Human Rights Strategy

The Alberta Human Rights Commission is seeking feedback on its new draft Indigenous Human Rights Strategy. The research shows that Indigenous people face disproportionate rates of racism, discrimination, and hate in their day-to-day lives, and they continue to experience disadvantages and injustices as a result of the lasting effects of Canada’s colonial legacy. Despite this, the Commission’s data suggests that Indigenous people do not access the human rights complaint system at the same rate as non-Indigenous people. With the ongoing human rights issues that Indigenous people in Alberta face, the Commission recognizes the need to prioritize this work and develop a comprehensive strategy to address these issues. The Commission is seeking Indigenous and general public and responses to:

  • Indigenous Human Rights Strategy
  • Indigenous Advisory Circle Terms of Reference
  • Backgrounder:

https://www.albertahumanrights.ab.ca/publications/Documents/AHRC DRAFT IHRS Backgrounder_Apr2021.pdf


April 24, 2021


Fed. Govt.

National Dialogue on Indigenous Health

The Third National Dialogue on Indigenous Health – Federal Government announced specific funding allocations of $126.7 million over three years, first announced in Budget 2021, to support efforts to address racism in Canada’s health systems.

This includes:

  • $33.3 million to improve access to culturally safe services, with a focus on services for Indigenous women, 2SLGBTQQIA+ people, persons with disabilities and other marginalized groups who may experience intersecting discrimination. This includes expanding support for Indigenous midwifery and doula initiatives and strengthening funding for national Indigenous women’s organizations, as well as regional and grassroots organizations.
  • $46.9 million to support the changes to health systems through the integration of cultural and patient safety at all levels, as well as through increased Indigenous representation in health professions.
    This includes $14.9 million, which will be used by Health Canada to establish a program that will provide funding to Indigenous organizations and health partners to support projects that can implement distinctions-based solutions to address anti-Indigenous racism. This funding will also support much-needed capacity for Indigenous partners to undertake meaningful engagement on the development of policy and programs for health priorities.
  • $37.8 million to improve supports and accountability by providing distinctions-based funding to Indigenous organizations for new Indigenous patient advocates that will allow Indigenous patients to more safely navigate federal and provincial health systems.
  • $8.7 million to provide federal leadership, which includes convening national dialogues like this one today to advance concrete actions to address anti-Indigenous racism in Canada’s health systems, and leading by example by evaluating and improving Indigenous Services Canada’s programs and practices to ensure

April 23, 2021


BC

Budget 2021

Budget 2021 invests the following towards “MEANINGFUL RECONCILIATION building on the Fall 2020 Stronger BC Economic Recovery Plan to advance reconciliation and build a more inclusive economy. It includes funding for work with Indigenous peoples to advance reconciliation, and ensure Indigenous peoples can fully participate in B.C.’s economic recovery. Budget 2021 adds $60 million in annual base funding to the Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation. This is dedicated funding to support Indigenous participation in land and resource activities, including negotiations, and engagement on legislation, policy and programs.
Budget 2021 also includes:

  • $45 million to support culturally safe health services and more Indigenous liaisons in each regional health authority to improve health access and services for Indigenous peoples (In response to systemic racism in health services documented in “In Plain Sight”
  • $14 million for the First Nations Health Authority to deliver targeted mental health and addictions services to Indigenous peoples throughout B.C.
  • 400 more spaces in the Aboriginal Head Start program that provides culturally-relevant child care for Indigenous families
  • Funding to partner with hundreds of Indigenous communities and organizations to expand access to skills training programs

https://www.bcbudget.gov.bc.ca/2021/pdf/2021_Highlights.pdf

The BC Assembly of First Nations has flagged the following oversights in the budget:

  • Lack of funding towards UNDRIP and the Action Plan to align BC laws with UNDRIP
  • Lack of funding geared towards the implementation of the MMIWG Action Plan and Calls for Justice;
  • overall advancement in the Indigenous justice sector;
  • cannabis strategy and legalization;
  • wild salmon conservation and aquaculture;
  • emergency management and reform of the Emergency Program Act (EPA); and
  • forestry reform, including old growth management.

April 19, 2021


Fed. Govt.

2021 Speech from the Throne

We will invest more than $18 billion to further narrow gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples, support healthy, safe, and prosperous Indigenous communities, and advance reconciliation with First Nations, Inuit, and the Métis Nation. We will invest more than $6 billion for infrastructure in Indigenous communities, and $2.2 billion to help end the national tragedy of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls


April 16, 2021


QC

Nunavik Indigenous Government Agreement with Québec and Canada

Nunatsiaq News – Makivik Corp. will resume negotiations over a self-determination agreement for Nunavik with the governments of Canada and Québec to establish a form of Indigenous government in the region based on Inuit values, culture and language. Makivik’s self-determination committee is made up of representatives from Nunavik’s major regional organizations:

  • Kativik Regional Government
  • Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services
  • Kativik Ilisarniliriniq
  • Fédération des Coopératives du Nouveau Québec
  • Nunavik Landholding Corporations Association
  • Saturviit Inuit Women’s Association of Nunavik
  • Qarjuit Youth Council and
  • the Avataq Cultural Institute.

April 16, 2021


BC

Wet’suwet’en title and rights.

The Province is providing Wet’suwet’en Hereditary Chiefs with $7.22 million to support work to implement Wet’suwet’en title and rights. The funding will be used to support Wet’suwet’en governance, engage in unity-building activities and facilitate ongoing discussions related to the 2020 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). The three-year funding commitment will support the Wet’suwet’en in their work on governance and the shared goal of reunification within Wet’suwet’en Nation. The Office of the Wet’suwet’en, Houses and Clans will undertake an internal engagement process to advance unity-building, which will be inclusive of all Wet’suwet’en House members.
The new provincial funding will also support more resources for Wet’suwet’en Nation to revitalize Wet’suwet’en governance structures for water stewardship, wildlife programs, eco-system monitoring and other initiatives to enhance collaborative stewardship and management of land and resources in the Yintah (Wet’suwet’en territory).
In support of meaningful reconciliation, the goal in reaching out to neighbouring communities, interested parties and stakeholders is to build understanding of the Wet’suwet’en distinct relations to the Yintah. This includes how implementation of Wet’suwet’en title and rights contributes to a vibrant economy and strong local relationships that will benefit the entire region. There is also ongoing work within the provincial government to support reconciliation and recognition of Wet’suwet’en title and rights.


December 15, 2020


QC

Racism in Québec: ZERO TOLERANCE – Report of the Groupe d’action contre le racism

Initially announced in June 15, 2020 “The Groupe d’action contre le racism” was specifically asked to develop a series of effective actions to fight against racism by identifying which sectors have high-priority needs for measures in this area, particularly public security, justice, school systems, housing and employment. As part of its mandate, the “Groupe d’action contre le racism” was asked to contribute to the reflection on how to respond to the recommendations of the “Public Inquiry Commission on relations between Indigenous Peoples and certain public services in Québec”, chaired by the Honourable Jacques Viens.

Recommendations specific to Indigenous People

14 – Include in the national anti-racism awareness campaign a specific component on the realities of Indigenous peoples, to continually inform the public about the racism and discrimination experienced by First Nations and Inuit people.
15 – Make the professional orders aware of the importance of training their members on Indigenous realities.
16 – Make the history and current realities of Indigenous people in Québec a mandatory part of initial teacher training programs.
17 – Change the academic curriculum at the primary and secondary levels to update concepts related to the history, cultures, heritage and current realities of Indigenous peoples in Québec and Canada and their impact on society.
18 – Introduce continual, mandatory training on Indigenous realities for government employees.
19 – End the informal practice of prohibiting people from speaking Indigenous languages while receiving public services.
20 – Make the ban on random police stops mandatory.
21 – Add Indigenous social services workers to some police services to create mixed patrol teams.
22 – Increase the resources of Indigenous community organizations that promote access to justice for First Nations and Inuit people.
23 – Improve the capacity of the justice system to address the heritage and life trajectory of Indigenous offenders by granting more resources for the use of the Gladue principle specific to First Nations and Inuit people.
24 – Improve the quality and availability of interpretation services in Indigenous languages for better access to justice.
25 – Increase resources allocated to off-reserve housing.
https://cdn-contenu.quebec.ca/cdn-contenu/politiques_orientations/Groupe_action_racisme/RA_GroupeActionContreRacisme_AN_MAJ.pdf?1608750405https://cdn-contenu.quebec.ca/cdn-contenu/politiques_orientations/Groupe_action_racisme/RA_GroupeActionContreRacisme_AN_MAJ.pdf?1608750405


December 7, 2020


NT

Legislative Development Proptocol

Cabin Radio – A new Legislative Development Protocol from the Intergovernmental Council of the Northwest Territories gives Indigenous governments a seat at the table for decisions about land and resource management.

  • The protocol is consistent with the IGA commitment to collaborate on changes to land and resource management systems, as well as providing a consistent approach for parties to follow.
  • The protocol is the first agreement of its kind in Canada, and provides opportunities for the collaborative development of land and resource statutes and regulations for the GNWT and Indigenous governments.
  • The protocol supports the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples by respecting, consulting and collaborating with Indigenous Governments on land and resource management.

https://www.gov.nt.ca/sites/flagship/files/documents/intergovernmental_council_legislative_development_protocol.pdf


December 1, 2020


MB

The Path to Reconciliation Annual Report, 2020

The section on Legacies outlines the Manitoba government’s efforts to address the disparities existing between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Manitoba’s social, political and economic systems and institutions. We have collaborated with many different service providers and organizations to address gaps in the areas of child welfare, education, language and culture, and health and justice.

The section on Reconciliation highlights our ongoing work to establish and maintain mutually respectful relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples, and to create a more equitable and inclusive society. The Manitoba government, in partnership with many other organizations, have taken action towards reconciliation under many of the themes outlined in the TRC’s Calls to Action.
https://www.gov.mb.ca/inr/reports-and-expenses/pubs/ptr-act-annual-progress-report-2019-2020.pdf


November 17, 2020


QC

AFN-QL Memorandum of Understanding

The Memorandum of Understanding signed today will lead to a sweeping technical and financial feasibility study for phase I of the project and to pre-feasibility studies for phases II and III.
Ian Lafrenière, Minister Responsible for Indigenous Affairs established a joint political table with Ghislain Picard, Chief of the Assembly of First Nations Québec-Labrador. Co-chaired, this political table will establish nation-to-nation agreements and advance common issues to improve daily life in First Nations and Inuit communities. It will also foster dialogue with a view to implementing the calls to action made by the Viens Commission.
The joint political table will also host a meeting between the Premier of Québec and all the chiefs and grand chiefs over the coming weeks. Details to be announced


October 30, 2020


Fed. Govt.

First Annual (2020) Statutory Report

Release of “First Annual (2020) Statutory Report Pursuant to Section 10 of the Department of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Act, Statutes of Canada, Chapter 29, 2019“.

The Department of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Act came into force on July 15, 2019 and established CIRNAC, while the Department of Indigenous Services Act established ISC. The former INAC – legally, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development – was abolished by the Budget Implementation Act, 2019. CIRNAC was established to carry out activities that support the Government of Canada’s commitment to advancing reconciliation with First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples. Its primary focus is renewed nation-to-nation, Inuit-Crown, and government-to-government relationships based on affirmation and implementation of rights, respect, cooperation, and partnership.

CIRNAC also works to promote respect for the rights of Indigenous Peoples recognized and affirmed by section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982, and the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Such activities include:

  • facilitating collaboration and cooperation with Indigenous Peoples and with the provinces and territories in relation to entering into and implementing agreements;
  • the recognition and implementation treaties concluded between the Crown and Indigenous Peoples;
    promoting self-reliance, prosperity and well-being for the residents and communities of the Canadian North, taking into account their respective needs and challenges;
  • recognizing and promoting Indigenous ways of knowing, being and doing; and,
  • promoting public awareness and understanding of the importance of working toward and contributing to reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples.

The whole-of-government approach to reconciliation and supporting Indigenous self-determination is rooted in three pillars:

  • acknowledging and addressing the past;
  • closing socio-economic and service gaps; and
  • supporting visions for self-determination and renewed relationships.

As of March 31, 2020 the government claims to have completed 12 of the TRC Calls to Action.

For compete details on what the government has accomplished in the fiscal year April 1, 2019 through March 31, 2020, please see the following:
https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1603127273100/1603127325936 – chp19


October 16, 2020


Fed. Govt.

Emergency Meeting on Heath

After the death of Joyce Echaquan at a hospital in Québec, the Government of Canada convened an urgent meeting with provincial and territory health officials and National Indigenous organizations with the following objectives:

  • to listen to lived experiences of Indigenous people and health care professionals regarding systemic racism in federal, provincial and territorial health systems
  • to reflect upon the information shared to inform concrete measures that governments, educational institutions, health professional associations, regulatory colleges, and accreditation organizations can take
  • to commit to a second gathering in January 2021 where these proposed or implemented measures would be presented by governments and health care organizations

September 1, 2020


Fed. Govt.

Pandemic Commitments

Throughout the pandemic, the Government has made it a priority to support Indigenous communities, which has helped contain the spread of COVID-19 and kept people safe. That is something the Government will continue to do. The Government will walk the shared path of reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples, and remain focused on implementing the commitments made in 2019. However, the pandemic has shown that we need to keep moving forward even faster on a number of fronts including by:

  • Expediting work to co-develop distinctions-based Indigenous health legislation with First Nations, Inuit, and the Métis Nation, and a distinctions-based mental health and wellness strategy;
  • Accelerating work on the National Action Plan in response to the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls’ Calls for Justice, as well as implementation of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action;
  • And continuing to close the infrastructure gap in Indigenous communities, working on a distinctions-basis with First Nations, Inuit, and the Métis Nation to accelerate the government’s 10-year commitment.

The Government will also:

  • Make additional resiliency investments to meet the clean drinking water commitment in First Nations communities;
  • And support additional capacity-building for First Nations, Inuit, and the Métis Nation.
  • The Government will move forward to introduce legislation to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples before the end of this year.

June 30, 2020


BC

2019/20 UNDRIP Report Card

Release of the 2019/2020 UNDRIP Report Card outlines progress made towards implementation for the time period from the date on which the Declaration Act was brought into force (November 28, 2019) until end of fiscal year 2019/20 (March 31, 2020). Progress to date includes the following:

  • Revitalizing Indigenous Languages
  • Improving Justice for Indigenous People
  • Improving the Approach to Child Welfare
  • Sharing Long-Term Stable Revenues
  • Working Together to Address Housing Needs
  • Improving Emergency Preparedness
  • Improving Educational Outcome for Indigenous Students
  • Supporting Skills Training Opportunities for Indigenous Learners
  • Recognizing Unique and Distinct Paths to Self-Determination
  • Changing How the Public Service Works with Indigenous Peoples: A Government-to-Government Approach

The process and introduction of the legislation represents a fundamental cultural and legal shift within the government, public service and the province. It leaves a lasting impact, creating precedents for legal progress and new ways of working in cooperation and consultation with Indigenous peoples as a means to advance reconciliation.

The Action Plan will be released before the end of 2020.
https://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/british-columbians-our-governments/indigenous-people/aboriginal-peoples-documents/dripa_annual_report_2020.pdf


June 18, 2020


NL

Renaming “Discovery Day”

Discovery Day, formerly celebrated the discovery of Newfoundland by John Cabot in 1497. The Provincial Government has determined that it is not appropriate to refer to the June 24 holiday as ‘Discovery Day.’ Before a new name can be established, consultations must take place with Indigenous governments and organizations in the spirit of reconciliation regarding this holiday. In the meantime, the holiday will be referred to as the June holiday.


March 12, 2020


PE

L’nuey

The Guardian – L’nuey means “belonging to or pertaining to the Mi’kmaq People as a whole” in the Mi’kmaq language. The organization is focused on the protection and implementation of Mi’kmaq Aboriginal and treaty rights in P.E.I. L’nuey is:

  • A rights-based initiative.
  • Focused on negotiations, consultations, governance development.
  • Distinct from Mi’kmaq Confederacy of P.E.I.
  • Governed by Lennox Island, Abegweit First Nations.

March 11, 2020


QC

Budget 2020-21

The government will invest $219.2 million over six years to increase its support for Indigenous communities.


February 17, 2020


QC

La Grande Alliance

Quebec City – Québec Premier François Legault and Grand Chief of the Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) and Chairman of the Cree Nation Government, Dr. Abel Bosum, officially signed a Memorandum of Understanding on collaborative, long-term, balanced economic development in a spirit of respect for Cree values in the Eeyou Istchee James Bay Territory. The Québec Government welcomes the ambitious project put forward by the Cree Nation, which is in keeping with Premier Legault’s desire to broaden the collaboration initiated in 2002 through the Agreement Concerning a New Relationship Between le Gouvernement du Québec and the Crees of Québec, commonly referred to as the Paix des braves.

The project stems from a patient consultative process with the Cree communities and calls for:

  • the extension of the rail network to promote economic development and reduce the impacts of trucking;
  • the electrification of certain industrial projects;
  • the sharing of infrastructure in the territory;
  • local labour force training;
  • the identification of new protected areas conducive to the connectivity of the territory’s wildlife habitats.

It is anticipated that the plan will extend over a period of 30 years to ensure the predictability and stability of the economic and social development of the Eeyou Istchee James Bay Territory and Québec overall.


February 13, 2020


NT

2020 Speech frorm the Throne

Priorities led by Department of Executive and Indigenous Affairs:

  • Settle and implement treaty, land, resources, and self-government agreements
  • Implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
  • Increase regional decision-making authority (with support of other Depts and agencies)
  • Priorities where Department of Executive and Indigenous Affairs has a supporting role:
  • Strengthen the government’s leadership and authority on climate change
  • Ensure climate change impacts are specifically considered when making government decisions

https://www.gov.nt.ca/sites/flagship/files/documents/mandate2019-web-en.pdf


January 5, 2020


BC

BC Human Rights Tribunal Report

BC Human Rights tribunal releases “Expanding Our Vision: Cultural Equality & Indigenous Peoples”, a report addressing serious access to justice concerns for Indigenous peoples bringing human rights complaints to the tribunal. makes nine recommendations. Removing barriers to access to the Human Rights Tribunal is not enough. Structural change is needed to incorporate Indigenous definitions of human rights according to Indigenous laws. The main recommendations broaden the concept of human rights, including adding Indigenous Identity to the BC Human Rights Code and incorporating Indigenous legal traditions and international human rights principles as reflected in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which BC has recently committed to implementing through legislation.
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1AN6YQPXUJ9Zbf9NnyHjQt1OD0mvZG50I/view


December 5, 2019


Fed. Govt.

2019 Speech from the Throne

AFN – “This is the first Throne Speech to include a section on ‘Reconciliation’:

  • take action to co-develop and introduce legislation to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in the first year of the new mandate;
  • continue the work of eliminating all long-term drinking water advisories on reserve by 2021, and ensure safe drinking water in First Nations communities;
  • co-develop new legislation to ensure that Indigenous people have access to high-quality, culturally relevant health care and mental health services;
  • continue work to implement the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action, and the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls’ Calls for Justice, in partnership with First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples;
  • work with Indigenous communities to close the infrastructure gap by 2030;
  • continue to move forward together to ensure that Indigenous Peoples are in control of their own destiny and making decisions about their communities;
  • take new steps to ensure the Government is living up to the spirit and intent of treaties, agreements, and other constructive arrangements made with Indigenous Peoples;
  • ensure that Indigenous people who were harmed under the discriminatory child welfare system are compensated in a way that is both fair and timely; and
  • continue to invest in Indigenous priorities, in collaboration with Indigenous partners.

November 22, 2019


NB

Response to UNDRIP

In response to a question about New Brunswick adopting and implementing UNDRIP, the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs indicated that their priority was to undertake a technical review of the BC Declaration and understand the Aboriginal treaty rights and the peace and friendship rights.


November 19, 2019


NS

2019 Speech from the Throne

Speech from the throne focused on the government’s priorities and included initiatives planned in the six key priority areas to build upon progress made over the past year, including:

  • World-class Education
  • Dependable Public Health Care
  • Vibrant and Sustainable Communities
  • Energized Private Sector
  • Affordable and Sustainable Government
  • High Performing Organization

Form an All Nations and Parties Working Group on Truth and Reconciliation to keep government accountable and give departments a greater understanding of the priorities of First Nations.


November 19, 2019


NS

Dedicated Minister of Aboriginal Affairs

The government appointed a full-time Minister of Aboriginal Affairs because “rebuilding this relationship deserves a full- time minister”


November 19, 2019


MB

Speech from the Throne

Limited reference to Indigenous issues and/or priorities other than three specific references to restorative justice programs for youth offenders, formalize new resource development agreements and develop new opportunities for northern tourism and move forward with the principles of shared management with First Nations and Métis people in order to ensure sustainable wildlife and fish populations.


November 5, 2019


BC

Annual BC Cabinet Ministers & First Nations Leadership Council

BCAFN – In just one year, the Province and the First Nations Leadership Council (FNLC) have worked together to deliver on promises to share provincial gaming revenues and introduce legislation that enshrines the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UN Declaration) in provincial law. The Declaration will make BC the first province to implement these internationally recognized human rights into provincial law, creating a framework for reconciliation between the provincial government and Indigenous peoples in B.C.

More than $70 million in new revenue has made it into First Nations communities since a gaming revenue-sharing agreement was signed in August 2019 to support self-government and self-determination for First Nations, as well as strong healthy communities and services that make life better for families. In just two months, almost 170 First Nations have joined the newly formed B.C. First Nations Gaming Revenue Sharing Limited Partnership.

Nearly $200 million in provincial gaming revenue was transferred to the limited partnership in August 2019, representing the first two years of funding. In October 2019, amendments to the Gaming Control Act were passed. These amendments will pave the way for a long-term agreement that will see more than $3 billion shared with First Nations over 25 years.


October 24, 2019


BC

Intro Bill 41 “The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act”

Premier John Horgan’s government introduced Bill 41 – ”The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act” to have the laws of BC reflect the United Nations The declaration’s 46 articles are aimed at making sure Indigenous peoples can survive with dignity and are treated fairly and with equity after colonization. (Toronto Star)

The Declaration became law on Nov. 28, 2019 when it was unanimously passed by the BC Legislature. Over time as laws are modified or built, they will be aligned with the UN Declaration. Additional elements of the bill include:

  • a requirement to develop an action plan to meet the objectives of the UN Declaration, in collaboration with Indigenous peoples;
  • annual public reporting to monitor progress;
  • discretion for new decision-making agreements between the Province and Indigenous governments where decisions directly affect Indigenous peoples and mechanisms exist in applicable legislation – with clear processes, administrative fairness and transparency; and
  • recognition for additional forms of Indigenous governments in agreement-making, such as multiple Nations working together as a collective, or hereditary governments – as determined and recognized by the citizens of the Nation.

October 10, 2019


NT

Roundtable with Indigenous leaders

The Northwest Territories’ incoming government will hold a day-long round-table meeting with leaders of more than a dozen Indigenous groups on Oct. 17, 2019. “This meeting will provide a forum for leaders to share their perspectives and voice their concerns and interests about the many issues and opportunities the Northwest Territories is faced with today,” the news release stated.


October 2, 2019


QC

Premier apologises to First Nations and Inuit

CTV News – Premier Francois Legault apologized to the First Nations and Inuit people of Quebec for the province’s treatment of them. The apology was the first of 142 calls to action laid out by the Viens commission, which concluded in a scathing report released Monday that the province’s Indigenous communities suffered “systemic discrimination.”


September, 2019


MB

The Path to Reconciliation Annual Report, 2019

The first sections highlight new efforts the Manitoba government undertook between April 1, 2018 and March 31, 2019, while the later sections identify the previously reported and ongoing activities. Each year, the Manitoba government implements and supports a number of initiatives that further reconciliation outside of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Calls to Action. This report includes highlights of these activities.

The section on Legacies outlines the Manitoba government’s efforts to address the disparities existing between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Manitoba’s social, political and economic systems and institutions. We have collaborated with many different service providers and organizations to address gaps in the areas of child welfare, education, language and culture, and health and justice.

The section on Reconciliation highlights our ongoing work to establish and maintain mutually respectful relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples, and to create a more equitable and inclusive society. The Manitoba government, in partnership with many other organizations, have taken action towards reconciliation under many of the themes outlined in the TRC’s calls to action.
https://www.gov.mb.ca/inr/reports-and-expenses/pubs/ptr-act-annual-progress-report-2018-2019-english.pdf


July 26, 2019


NB

Tripartite Framework Agreement

The Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, Carolyn Bennett, and Chiefs George Ginnish and Rebecca Knockwood, co-Chairs of Mi’gmawe’l Tplu’taqnn Incorporated, representing eight of the nine Mi’gmaq communities in New Brunswick announced a tripartite Framework Agreement to focus negotiations on the implementation of Aboriginal and treaty rights, the resolution of Aboriginal title, and self-determination of the Mi’gmaq of New Brunswick.

Guided by a Framework Agreement signed by all parties – including the province – , we will continue to focus discussions on the priorities identified by the Mi’gmaq of New Brunswick, including: Mi’gmag language, culture, and heritage; economic development; protection of land and water; parks and other protected areas; resource revenue-sharing; law enforcement and policing; and self-government. Through these negotiations, we are co-developing agreements that will support the implementation of Aboriginal and treaty rights while supporting economic growth and creating new investment opportunities for the benefit of Mi’gmaq communities now and for generations to come.


June 29, 2019


ON

Dedicated Ministry of Indigenous Affairs eliminated

tbnewswatch.com – The Ministry of Indigenous Services has been integrated into a combined Ministry of Energy, Northern Affairs and Mines, Energy and Ministry of Indigenous Affairs. Under the previous Liberal government those responsibilities had been divided between three individual ministers.


May 28, 2019


AB

Indigenous Land Acknowledgement

Indigenous land acknowledgements — once symbolic openings of most government events under the NDP — are now a matter of “personal preference” at UCP official events according to Minister of Indigenous Relations Rick Wilson. Land acknowledgments are statements recognizing the historic and ongoing presence and connection of different First Nations and Métis to the land. The statements also acknowledge treaties between First Nations and the Crown. Alberta is located on Treaty 6, Treaty 7 and Treaty 8 territory.


April 12, 2019


ON

Indigenous Relations budget cut

This year its base funding was reduced by 15 per cent to 74.4 million, down from 88 million last year, and there is no allotment for one-time investments such as claim settlements.


February 18, 2019


BC

Lottery Revenue Sharing

British Columbia Lottery Corporation revenue is going to be shared with the First Nations and the first phase of allocations amounts to 7% of gross revenues.


February 13, 2019


BC

2019 Speech from the Throne

BC Assembly of First Nations (BCAFN) Regional Chief Terry Teegee welcomes the NDP government’s progressive actions identified throughout the 2019 Throne Speech today, including:

  • develop legislation with the First Nations Leadership Council to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;
  • gaming revenues shared with First Nations communities;
  • work in collaboration with Indigenous peoples to develop new clean economy opportunities and help communities adapt to the impacts of climate change. This will include collaboration on a climate change adaptation strategy to be developed for 2020;
  • additions to education curriculums in history and languages;
  • commitment to restoring and sustaining wild salmon stocks;
  • promotion of partnerships between First Nations and private sector resource development projects.

January 15, 2019


PE

Framework Agreement

The Framework Agreement represents an important commitment from the Government of Canada, the Province of Prince Edward Island and the Mi’kmaq of PEI towards a path of reconciliation. With this agreement, we move forward together in strengthening the relationship between the federal and provincial Crown and the Mi’kmaq of PEI. In particular, the Framework Agreement outlines subject matters and areas of importance for the Mi’kmaq, establishes a process to facilitate efficient and timely discussions, and reaffirms parties’ commitment to a process for reconciling and respecting the Mi’kmaq of Prince Edward Island’s Aboriginal and treaty rights.


January 11, 2019


Fed. Govt.

Directive on Civil Litigation

The Honourable Jody Wilson-Raybould, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, issued the Directive on Civil Litigation Involving Indigenous Peoples. The Directive will guide the Government of Canada’s legal approaches, positions and decisions taken in civil litigation involving Aboriginal and treaty rights, and the Crown’s obligation towards Indigenous peoples. This is to ensure the Government’s legal positions are consistent with its commitments, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and Canadian values.

Consistent with the Principles Respecting the Government of Canada’s Relationship with Indigenous Peoples, the Directive emphasizes the importance of resolving conflicts expeditiously and collaboratively, reducing the use of litigation and the courts.

This Directive pursues the following objectives:

  • advancing reconciliation,
  • recognizing rights,
  • upholding the honour of the Crown, and
  • respecting and advancing Indigenous self-determination and self-governance.

These objectives, and the guidelines for litigation counsel they promote, are interrelated.
https://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/csj-sjc/ijr-dja/dclip-dlcpa/litigation-litiges.html


January 10, 2019


BC

Wet’suwet’en conflict

UBCIC – Premier John Horgan compared the Province’s role in the ongoing conflict in Wet’suwet’en territory with the recent consent-based negotiations in the Broughton Archipelago with the ‘Namgis, Kwikwasutinuxw Haxwa’mis and Mamalilikulla First Nations. The big difference is that the latter “included jointly developed consent-based process where our Title and Rights were recognized and as a result, we included our hereditary leadership in decision-making on outcomes. That’s an extremely important distinction because for us, that’s how we respected Delgamuukw and the wishes of our people”. Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, President of the Union of BC Indian Chiefs.

“As the Supreme Court of Canada recognized in Delgamuukw, inherent Wet’suwet’en Title to their territory has never been extinguished. The Proper Title holders must provide their free, prior and informed consent to any project in their territory.” Kukpi7 Judy Wilson, Secretary-Treasurer of the UBCIC


January 7, 2019


SK

Official Apology

APTN News – The Government of Saskatchewan officially apologizes to the survivors of the Sixties Scoop when approximately 20,000 First Nations children were seized from their homes and re-located to non-Indigenous homes. The practice stripped children of their language, culture and family ties.


December 1, 2018


BC

The Principals’ Accord on Transforming Treaty Negotiations

Government of Canada, the Government of British Columbia and the First Nations Summit (the Principals) -signed the “Principals’ Accord” that states that extinguishment and surrender of rights have no place in modern-day Crown-Indigenous relations or agreements. Instead, the federal and provincial governments and First Nations Summit have agreed that Aboriginal title and rights must be continued through treaties, as well as other types of agreements.

  • The Accord states that the Principals respect the right of each First Nation to select its own pathway to exercising self-determination and whether it pursues reconciliation with the provincial and federal governments through treaties or other types of agreements and arrangements.
  • The Accord affirms that treaty negotiations and implementation must reflect the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s 94 Calls to Action.
  • The Accord demonstrates the Principals’ commitment to transformative change beyond the recommendations set out in the 2016 Multilateral Engagement Process to Improve and Expedite Treaty Negotiations in British Columbia.

https://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/environment/natural-resource-stewardship/consulting-with-first-nations/agreements/principals_accord_signed_dec_1_2018.pdf


November 29, 2018


BC

First Nations gaming distribution limited partnership

B.C. First Nations will share in provincial gaming revenue to support self-government, strong, healthy communities, and services that make life better for families. This funding will be a central piece of Budget 2019 to support reconciliation. Funding will focus on priorities in the following framework: health and wellness; infrastructure, safety, transportation and housing; economic and business development; education, language, culture and training; community development and environmental protection; and capacity building, fiscal management and governance. Within that framework, First Nations governments will determine their own priorities for these funds.


November 29, 2018


BC

UNDRIP

The BC Assembly of First Nations, First Nations Summit and Union of BC Indian Chiefs, working together as the First Nations Leadership Council (FNLC), and the Province announced they are co-developing new legislation for introduction in 2019 to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in B.C. The Commitment recognizes our inherent rights of self-determination and jurisdiction, as well as our rights related to our lands, resources and territories.


November 28, 2018


Fed. Govt.

M”kmaw Nation Rights

Ottawa is committed to advancing the Mi’kmaw Nation and recognizing Indigenous Peoples’ inherent right to self-determination, a key federal official told a First Nations self-governance summit in Halifax Wednesday. The three-day event, which wraps up Thursday, is focused on finding a pathway to nationhood for Indigenous Peoples in the Atlantic region known as Mi’kma’ki.


November 14, 2018


Fed. Govt.

Recognition and Implementation of Indigenous Rights Frwamework

The Liberal government won’t be tabling legislation to create its promised Federal Recognition and Implementation of Indigenous Rights Framework this fall as previously planned. Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett’s office, which has the lead on the file, issued a statement saying work would continue to develop the framework to enshrine Section 35 rights in the Constitution in federal law.


October 30, 2018


NL

Orange Shirt Day

Premier Dwight Bell called on all members of the legislature, in the spirit of reconciliation and revitalizing our relationship with Indigenous peoples, to join with him in recognizing September 30 as Orange Shirt Day in Newfoundland and Labrador in acknowledging survivors of the residential school system.


October 2, 2018


NS

Bill No. 78 – Truth and Reconciliation Commitment Act:

Bill No, 78 – Truth and Reconciliation Commitment Act: An Act to Implement the Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada”, a private members bill introduced in the Nova Scotia legislature with two main commitments:

  • The Province is committed to implementing the Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada as set out in the Commission’s Final Report, “Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future”.
  • The Premier shall table annually a report in the House of Assembly on the Province’s progress towards implementing the Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.

https://nslegislature.ca/legc/bills/63rd_2nd/1st_read/b078.htm

This Bill was re-introduced as Bill 21, Private Members Bill, for First Reading in the Nova Scotia legislature on Oct. 15, 2021
https://nslegislature.ca/legc/bills/64th_1st/1st_read/b021.htm


September 12, 2018


QC

Letter from AFN-QL to new Premier

The Chief of the Assembly of First Nations Quebec-Labrador (AFNQL), Ghislain Picard, advised the next Premier that the relationship between the Government of Quebec and the First Nations will have to be completely transformed. In the letter, Chief Picard noted that First Nations’ rights have never been fully recognized by the provincial government. Raises five “fundamental demands” to which chief Picard requests “concrete commitments”.

These requirements are:

  • The right to security for First Nations people;
  • A framework for the respect of our titles and Aboriginal and treaty rights;
  • Actions for the Reconciliation with First Nations;
  • The development of an economy by and for First Nations;
  • Services to First Nations that respect their cultures and way of life.

https://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/letter-from-chief-ghislain-picard-to-the-leaders-of-the-quebec-political-parties-first-nations-demand-a-new-political-relationship-693044911.html


August 21, 2018


Fed. Govt.

Open Letter to PM Trudeau

CBC – Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond, now director of the University of British Columbia’s Indian Residential School History and Dialogue Centre, Wilton Littlechild, former commissioner with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and Ed John, grand chief of the First Nations Summit Task Group in B.C., sent a letter to Prime Minister Trudeau calling for a reset of the process to create the framework. Paul Chartrand, a former commissioner from the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, said it appears Ottawa is still operating under the idea that the ability for an Indigenous nation to self-govern flows from federal authority. “Section 35 is a political consensus in Canada that the rights of Aboriginal peoples are affirmed and recognized, that includes the affirmation or recognition of the inherent authority of Aboriginal people to govern themselves,” said Chartrand, who is Mé​t​is and a retired law professor.


August 20, 2018


MB

The Path to Reconciliation Annual Report, 2018

The Manitoba Government reports on its actions following the two broad categories of “Legacies” and “Reconciliation” used by the TRC. The section on Legacies outlines the Manitoba governments efforts to address the disparities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Manitoba’s social, political and economic systems and institutions. We have collaborated with many different service providers and organizations to address gaps in the areas of child welfare, education, language and culture and health and justice. The section on Reconciliation highlights our ongoing work to establish and maintain mutually respectful relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples and to create a more equitable and inclusive society.
https://www.gov.mb.ca/inr/reports-and-expenses/pubs/ptr-act-annual-progress-report-2017-2018-english.pdf


May 28, 2018


AB

Sixties Scoop Apology

Premier Rachel Notley, officially apologizes on behalf of the Alberta Government to survivors of the Sixties Scoop. From the 1950s to the late 1980s, about 20,000 Indigenous children were seized from their birth families and relocated to non-Indigenous homes, stripping the children of their language, traditions and family ties.


May 24, 2018


Fed. Govt.

dermiNation Moving Beyond the Indian Act

The first Indigenous-led summit to explore moving beyond the Indian Act closed today with a strong call for First Nations to exercise their self-determination and to forge a new path for their people. “We have heard loud and clear that moving beyond the Indian Act must start at the community level with the full engagement of our communities,” said NAN Grand Chief Alvin Fiddler. “The Government of Canada must move aside and support our people to design solutions from the ground up. Anything less is paternalistic and goes against everything we’ve been talking about for the past two days. We are not going to accept another federally dictated process where First Nation leaders are summoned to meet and given the option to take it or leave without true consultation.”


May 23, 2018


Fed. Govt.

dermiNation Moving Beyond the Indian Act

Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN) and Osgoode Law School have collaborated to organize the first-ever Indigenous-led summit that will bring together leaders to create a plan for moving beyond the Indian Act. “determiNation” is described as a national conference to plan for a new relationship between Canada and Indigenous peoples based on rights, recognition and reconciliation. This conference will be structured around the themes of premises, principles, and institutional, legislative, and constitutional mechanisms, with the goal of creating a plan of action. Representatives from the Government of Canada including Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Minister Carolyn Bennett and Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould are expected. Additional speakers and facilitators will be announced in coming weeks.


May 23, 2018


BC

Draft Principles that Guide the Province of British Columbia’s Relationship with Indigenous Peoples

Release of “Draft principles” that recognizes that:

  • all relations with Indigenous peoples need to be based on the recognition and implementation of their right to self- determination, including the inherent right of self-government.
    that reconciliation is a fundamental purpose of section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.
    the honour of the Crown guides the conduct of the Crown in all of its dealings with Indigenous peoples.
  • Indigenous self-government is part of Canada’s evolving system of cooperative federalism and distinct orders of government treaties, agreements, and other constructive arrangements between
  • Indigenous peoples and the Crown have been and are intended to be acts of reconciliation based on mutual recognition and respect.
  • meaningful engagement with Indigenous peoples aims to secure their free, prior and informed consent when B.C. proposes to take actions which impact them and their rights, including their lands, territories and resources.
  • respecting and implementing rights is essential and that any infringement of section 35 rights must by law meet a high threshold of justification which includes Indigenous perspectives and satisfies the Crown’s fiduciary obligations.
  • reconciliation and self-government require a renewed fiscal relationship, developed in collaboration with the federal government and Indigenous nations that promotes a mutually supportive climate for economic partnership and resource development.
  • reconciliation is an ongoing process that occurs in the context of evolving Crown-Indigenous relationships.
  • a distinctions-based approach is needed to ensure that the unique rights, interests and circumstances of Indigenous peoples in B.C. are acknowledged, affirmed, and implemented.

https://news.gov.bc.ca/files/6118_Reconciliation_Ten_Principles_Final_Draft.pdf?platform=hootsuitehttps://news.gov.bc.ca/files/6118_Reconciliation_Ten_Principles_Final_Draft.pdf?platform=hootsuite


May 16, 2018


Fed. Govt.

First Nations Fiscal Management Act (FNMA) and the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management (FA)

Our Lands, Our Jurisdiction, Our Institutions: First Nations Leading the Way
First Nations who have chosen to work beyond the Indian Act are coming together to set the stage for the next generation of First Nations led initiatives that will support our jurisdiction and expanded government powers for Indigenous communities. Currently 276 First Nations, from all regions in Canada, are participating in either the FMA or the FA. At this pivotal time in history, this meeting will showcase trailblazing First Nations at the forefront of expanding jurisdiction and will highlight their achievements in working beyond the Indian Act in using First Nation-led agreements and legislation to improve their economies through greater fiscal independence, improved financial management, debenture financing, and sound land governance. The goals of the meeting are to bring First Nations leaders together to:

  • Share institutions tools and support services
  • Learn about First Nations success stories working outside of the Indian Act
  • Unify a collective voice for First Nations led initiatives and innovations
  • Set a clear path forward for building prosperous and vibrant First Nation communities

April 17, 2018


ON

Treaty Relationship Agreement with Nishnawbe Aski Nation

Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne and Grand Chief Alvin Fiddler today marked the signing of the Treaty Relationship Agreement to strengthen the relationship between the province and Nishnawbe Aski Nation. It lays the foundation for more meaningful discussions on priority issues that affect First Nation people and communities, such as economic development, resource development, environmental protection, socio-economic conditions, health and education. Ontario’s Treaty Strategy commits to promoting public awareness on treaties, facilitates constructive engagement on treaties, revitalizes treaty relationships and promotes improved socio-economic outcomes for Indigenous peoples.


April 13, 2018


Fed. Govt.

Speech to BC Business Council

Perhaps most importantly, however, a shift to recognition of rights, including Indigenous self-determination and the inherent right of self-government, means that Canada will be an active supporter in the building and re-building of Indigenous nations and governments. We will finally be active partners in supporting Indigenous Nations and governments as they do the work of defining and clarifying their constitutions, laws, and decision-making processes, the structures they will work through, and how they will govern as part of historic rights-bearing groups, including those with historic treaties.
https://www.canada.ca/en/department-justice/news/2018/04/the-recognition-and-implementation-of-rights-framework-talk-1.htm


February 14, 2018


YT

45th Anniversary of release of “Together Today for Our Children Tomorrow”

This document is responsible for reshaping relationships between the Governments of Canada, Yukon and Yukon First Nations. Its vision was brought to life through the Umbrella Final Agreement, which was signed 25 years ago this year. The Final and Self-Government Agreements that followed have paved the way for collaboration between governments, and their implementation continues to advance us towards reconciliation. These agreements form the cornerstone of governance in modern Yukon.
https://cyfn.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/together_today_for_our_children_tomorrow.pdf


February 14, 2018


Fed. Govt.

Recognition and Implementation of Rights Framework.

Prime Minister Trudeau announced that the government will develop in full partnership with First Nations, Inuit and Métis people a new recognition and implementation of Indigenous rights framework that will include new ways to recognize and implement Indigenous rights. This will include new recognition and implementation of rights legislation. Going forward recognition of rights will guide all government interactions with Indigenous peoples. The contents of the framework that we build together will be determined through a national engagement led by the Minister of Crown Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs with support from the Minister of Justice. While the results of this engagement will guide what the final framework looks like we believe that as a starting point it should include new legislation and a policy that would make the recognition and implementation of rights the basis for all relations between Indigenous peoples and the federal government moving forward.
https://www.rcaanc-cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1536350959665/1539959903708?wbdisable=true


February 13, 2018


BC

2018 Speech from the Throne

In the Speech from the Throne, the NDP government pledged to develop a cross-ministry framework to meet its stated commitment to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People, the calls to action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Tsilhqot’in decision. The Union of BC Indian Chiefs sited recent approval of Site C Dam as a flagrant example of the abrogation of Treaty 8 rights.


December 4, 2017


Fed. Govt.

ISC Health Priorities

Indigenous Services Minister Jane Philpott has officially been given responsibility for overseeing the delivery of First Nations and Inuit health services. Key priorities of the new Ministry of Indigenous Services Canada:

  • Improving Health outcomes
  • Quality Education
  • Child & Family Services
  • Reliable Infrastructure, including Housing & Water
  • A New Fiscal Relationship

November 1, 2017


NT

Issues with southern Canada

Premier Bob McLeod issued a red alert calling for an urgent national debate on the future of the Northwest Territories who believe their reconciliation efforts and economic development opportunities are being undermined by Ottawa and the political needs and voices of southern Canada


August 28, 2017


Fed. Govt.

New INAC organization

New INAC organization: Carolyn Bennett is now Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs, and former Health Minister Jane Philpott will become the Minister of Indigenous Services (recommendation from Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples in 1996). The current Indigenous Affairs Department will be dissolved through legislation to end the Indian Act


August 17, 2017


MB

Indigenous and Municipal Affairs Re-org

Winnipeg Sun – The previous post for Indigenous and Municipal Relations will now split into two departments, led by a Municipal Relations Minister and an Indigenous and Northern Relations Minister.


July 25, 2017


BC

Mandate Letters

New NDP premier re-affirmed his party’s commitment to adopt the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the calls to action of Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission and has each of his 22 ministers to review policies, programs and legislation to determine how to bring the principles of the declaration into action in British Columbia


June 28, 2017


QC

Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Development of the First Nations and Inuit

The initiatives in the strategy with a budget of $147.3M for 2017-2022 are grouped under four strategic priorities:

  • Enhance services
    • Establish new services: 27 measures
    • Enhance the existing service offer: 36 measures
  • Promote the Indigenous culture and languages
    • Support the blossoming of aboriginal cultures: 8 measures
    • Strengthen the aboriginal languages: 4 measures
  • Develop the power to act of individuals and communities
    • Rely on the potential of individuals: 9 measures
    • Foster social innovation: 9 measures
  • Foster collaboration and research
    • Implement more fruitful exchanges: 16 measures
    • Develop and promote research in aboriginal communities: 10 measures

https://www.autochtones.gouv.qc.ca/publications_documentation/publications/PAS/plan-action-social-en.pdf


June 12, 2017


Fed. Govt.

Common Statement of Shared Health Priorities

Common Statement of Principles on Shared Health Priorities: Acknowledges the commitment of federal, provincial and territorial governments to continue working with First Nations, Inuit and Métis to improve access to health services and health outcomes of Indigenous peoples and discuss progress.
https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/hc-sc/documents/corporate/transparency_229055456/health-agreements/principles-shared-health-priorities.pdf


June 1, 2017


MB

The Path to Reconciliation Annual Report, 2017

This report is composed of three sections; Addressing Legacies, Reconciling for the Future and Looking Forward. Engagement with Indigenous nations and Indigenous peoples is integrated into our efforts towards a reconciled province and especially highlighted in the section, Reconciling for our Future – Reconciling Relationships.

  • Addressing Legacies
  • Caring for Children and Families
  • Improving Health Outcomes
  • Supporting Restorative Justice; offenders, victims and families
  • Supporting First Nation, Métis and Inuit Students and their Families in Education
  • Delivering Training and Employment Opportunities
  • Reconciling for the Future
  • Reconciling for Children and their Families
  • Reclamation of Indigenous identity through Language, Culture and Heritage
  • Education and Training for Reconciliation
  • Reconciling Relationships
  • Recognition and Reconciliation of Aboriginal and Treaty Rights
  • Land Based Initiatives

https://digitalcollection.gov.mb.ca/awweb/pdfopener?smd=1&did=26548&md=1


May 26, 2017


NL

Indigenous Leaders Roundtable

First Indigenous leader’s roundtable to discuss common interests and update progress on TRC Calls to Action


March 17, 2017


YT

Federal Meeting on Indigenous Issues

Impacts of INAC split into Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada, MMIWC and Child Welfare as well as health concerns of cannabis use, the opioid crisis, First Nation skill development, infrastructure funding for communities, Yukon River salmon, and the Porcupine caribou herd.


March 1, 2017


NT

Update to “Meeting the Challenge of Reconciliation”

The Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT) continues to move towards reconciliation, particularly through the actions outlined in ‘Meeting the Challenge of Reconciliation’. Many of the actions within that document are ongoing, but this update provides some highlights, organized by theme, of additional work done.
https://www.eia.gov.nt.ca/sites/eia/files/an_update_to_meeting_the_challenge_of_reconciliation_the_gnwts_response_to_the_trcs_calls_to_action.pdf


February 22, 2017


NL

Government Re-structuring

The newly merged Intergovernmental and Indigenous Affairs Secretariat and the Office of Labrador Affairs unifies the govt’s efforts to build intergovernmental relations with efforts to advance relationships with Indigenous Governments and Organizations. A separate Office of Labrador Affairs was created to help address unique issues and advance social and economic development in the region. Responsibilities for both offices remain with the Premier.


February 15, 2017


Fed. Govt.

First Nations Economic Reconciliation

Expanding the Circle: First Nations Economic Reconciliation – Presented by National Indigenous Economic Development Board (NIEDB), in partnership with the National Aboriginal Capital Corporations Association (NACCA), Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) and the Public Policy Forum (PPF). Economic reconciliation means ensuring that Indigenous Peoples are not excluded from participating in and benefitting from Canada’s prosperity. The economic inclusion of Indigenous Peoples in Canada’s economy is not only a way of addressing past wrongs, but also an investment that can benefit all Canadians.

In fact, closing the significant opportunity gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians will annually boost Canada’s GDP by $27.7 billion.


December 21, 2016


QC

Establish Viens Commission

Established “Public Inquiry Commission on relations between Indigenous Peoples and certain public services in Québec”: listening, reconciliation and progress, in order to investigate, consider the facts and recommend concrete and effective corrective measures to be implemented by the Government of Québec and Indigenous officials”. Initiated by systemic racism by police in city of Val D’Or towards Indigenous women.


December 16, 2016


NU

Response to TRC Report

The legacy of residential schools has left lasting impact and trauma for Indigenous People across the country, and its effects are seen daily in Nunavut. Inuit have shown over and over that we are strong and resilient. Now is the time to resolve the issues of the past, and embrace hope for the future. I thank the TRC for their tireless work to bring this painful chapter of Canada’s history to light and their dedication to this important process over the last several years. Nunavut will continue to ensure the history of residential schools is taught in our schools, so our students understand the full extent of this period in our territory’s history.” Premier Peter Taptuna.


June 10, 2016


Fed. Govt.

First Annual Federal, Provincial, Territorial and Indigenous Forum

Discussed the next steps in the permanent bilateral mechanism process. Commit to three cabinet level meetings per year including one with PM. Funding to establish mechanisms for bilateral meetings with each of the three national indigenous groups: Assembly of First Nations, Métis National Council and Inuit Tapariit Kaanatami


June 1, 2016


MB

The Path to Reconciliation Annual Report, 2016

Objectives:

Manitoba Families;

  • the new government has introduced “The Protecting Children Act‘ to make it easier for government departments, child and family service authorities, community service providers and law enforcement agencies to share information and collaborate when dealing with victimized and at-risk children.
  • the government will foster innovative community and private sector partnerships that promote practical home ownership opportunities for First Nations families such as the partnership between the Manitoba Real Estate Association and the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs.
  • the government will work to build the flood protection necessary to keep Manitobans and their communities safe, beginning with the outlet needed to alleviate flooding around Lake Manitoba.

Manitoba Indigenous and Municipal Relations:

  • the government will establish a duty to consult framework for respectful and productive consultations with Indigenous communities.
  • the government will build respectful and effective partnerships involving all levels of government to responsibly and sustainably develop our natural resources.
  • the government will work with the federal government on enhanced education funding for students on reserve.
  • the new government will work positively and respectfully with northern Manitobans and communities.

Manitoba Indigenous and Municipal Relations and Manitoba Growth Enterprise and Trade

  • the government will support Urban Aboriginal Economic Development Zones in partnership with First Nations to create jobs and economic opportunities together.

Manitoba Indigenous and Municipal Relations, Manitoba Sustainable Development, and Manitoba Growth, Enterprise and Trade

  • the government will work positively and respectfully with northern Manitobans and communities, to create a special, targeted program for northern Manitoba called Yes! North.
  • the government will develop partnerships needed to attract new companies, assist entrepreneurs, and facilitate expansion of existing businesses to provide quality jobs and a stronger economy in the north, focused on
    • sustainable development of natural resources, including forestry and mining and
    • tourism opportunities, including beluga whale watching, polar bear and aurora borealis tours, fishing and hunting.

Manitoba Sustainable Development

  • the new government will develop comprehensive harvest co-management strategies in consultation with First Nations, Metis and licensed hunters and anglers to give local communities a greater voice and ensure long-term sustainability of our wildlife populations.
  • the government will develop a framework to reconcile the needs of industry and rural and northern communities, while continuing to enhance the network of protected areas in Manitoba’s natural regions.

https://digitalcollection.gov.mb.ca/awweb/pdfopener?smd=1&did=25372&md=1


May 30, 2016


ON

Journey Together: Ontario’s Commitment to Reconciliation with Indigenous People

Budget commits $250M/3 yrs + $104.5M annually after. “Journey Together” outlines expectations around achieving greater equity with First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples across all dimensions: economic, educational, social, housing, justice system, health, clean environments and land use.

Programs and Actions:

  • Understanding the Legacy of Residential Schools
  • Closing Gaps and Removing Barriers
  • Creating a Culturally Relevant and Responsive Justice System
  • Supporting Indigenous Culture
  • Reconciling Relationships with Indigenous Peoples

May 30, 2016


ON

Official Apology

Premier Kathleen Wynne apologized today on behalf of the Government of Ontario for the brutalities committed for generations at residential schools and the continued harm this abuse has caused to Indigenous cultures, communities, families and individuals.


May 25, 2016


ON

First Nations Health Action Plan

Ont. First Nations Health Action Plan (3 yrs) Spread across multiple Calls to Action (incl. annual base funding of $77M). Inc. $7.2M in new funding for 2016-17 to ensure Indigenous people have access to more culturally appropriate care and improved outcomes, focusing on the North where there are significant gaps in health services. This investment will be followed by sustained funding of $104.5 million annually to address health inequities and improve access to culturally appropriate health services over the long term.
https://news.ontario.ca/en/release/38954/ontario-launches-222-million-first-nations-health-action-plan


March 15, 2016


MB

Path to Reconciliation Act

The Path to Reconciliation” passed unanimously is committed to reconciliation and will be “guided by the calls to action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the principles set out in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.” Government commits to annual updates 3 months after the fiscal year end. This Bill sets out the government’s commitment to advancing reconciliation, led by the minister responsible for reconciliation. A strategic path forward is to be developed, and the measures taken to advance reconciliation are to be annually reported.
https://web2.gov.mb.ca/bills/40-5/b018e.php


January 12, 2016


YT

Response to TRC Calls to Action

Issued detailed responses/updates to all 94 C2A: “Yukon Government’s Deputy Ministers’ Report to the Premier on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada Report “Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future”. The Yukon government, in conjunction with First Nations, has undertaken many initiatives as part of ongoing operations that are responsive to the 22 themes set out in the TRC report.

For example, First Nations and the Yukon government are working together to develop school curricula on residential schools, address the overrepresentation of First Nation people in the criminal justice system (offenders and victims), and directly involve First Nation governments in the child welfare system. However, we recognize that more work can and should be done.

Yukon is at the forefront of land claims and self-government in Canada. Eleven of the fourteen Yukon First Nations have settled their land claims and are self-governing, which account for more than half of all self- governing First Nations in Canada. The agreements contain arrangements related to financial compensation, land, harvesting and other matters. They also enable innovative government to government relationships. They help preserve First Nations culture and strengthen the social, political and economic fabric of the territory.

Under these agreements, First Nations have the power to enact laws for the provision of programs and services related to Aboriginal languages, cultural beliefs, health care, social welfare, placement of children, administration of justice and education programs as examples.
http://www.eco.gov.yk.ca/aboriginalrelations/pdf/DM-Report-Truth-and-Reconciliation-Commissions-Calls-to-Action.pdf


December 15, 2015


Fed. Govt.

Release of TRC Final Report

Release of the TRC Final report
https://nctr.ca/reports2.php


December 15, 2015


SK

Response to TRC Report

Some of the Government of Saskatchewan’s strategies that are already well underway include:

  • Child Welfare Transformation Strategy
    • Work differently with First Nations and Métis people
    • Increase prevention and support for families; and
    • Renew the child welfare system for launch in 2017
  • Saskatchewan Disability Strategy
    • Ensure First Nation, Métis and Inuit people experiencing disability are well-supported regardless of their home communities
  • Joint Task Force on Improving Education and Employment Outcomes for First Nations and Métis People

The Plan for Growth also focuses on securing a better quality of life for all Saskatchewan people. Work flowing out of the plan includes:

  • improving K-12 and post-secondary education results for First Nations and Métis people;
  • supporting the healthy growth and development of children;
  • supporting strong families and communities where children can grow and thrive;
  • transforming child welfare;
  • developing restorative and culturally-responsive justice approaches; and
  • enhancing community safety planning.

34 C2A directed at provincial governments.

The Ministry of Advanced Education has purchased a two-year license to deliver the 4 Seasons of Reconciliation, an online multi-media course which will be made available to all Ministry employees. The 4 Seasons of Reconciliation was produced by Cazabon Productions under the guidance of the First Nations University of Canada’s Indigenous Advisory Circle and features Indigenous contributors throughout the education units. Subject areas include:

  • Indigenous perspectives on colonialism,
  • pre-contact history, Treaties,
  • residential schools,
  • the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples,
  • Indigenous relations,
  • reconciliation, and
  • restitution.

The online course includes PowerPoint presentations, videos, films, quizzes and a completion certificate. Advanced Education’s sector partners, Saskatchewan Polytechnic and the University of Regina, are also providing this resource to their staff and students.

https://www.saskatchewan.ca/residents/first-nations-citizens/moving-forward-with-the-truth-and-reconciliation-commission#ongoing-work-with-first-nations-and-metis-people


December 15, 2015


QC

Response to TRC Report

Nothing specific. Advocate for Government of Canada to formally adopt


December 15, 2015


NS

Response to TRC Report

Nova Scotia is committed to continuing to work hand-in-hand with our aboriginal partners as well as our federal, provincial and territorial colleagues to answer the call to action from the commission.” There are opportunities for progress to be made in Nova Scotia. Work already started includes:

  • development of an online treaty education resource for all educators in Nova Scotia
  • integration of aspects of treaty education, including Mi’kmaw language and culture, into the newly streamlined grades primary to three curriculum with more integration to come as the streamlining process continues
  • distribution of 3OO education kits entitled 100 Years of Loss: The Residential School System in Canada to all high schools in the province
  • signing of a memorandum of understanding on treaty education

The province will review the comprehensive report and continue to work with Mi’kmaq leaders to understand local priorities.


December 8, 2015


Fed. Govt.

Address to AFN National Assembly

Address to the AFN National Assembly – Promise to implement all 94 C2A + remove 2% funding cap, review legislation introduced by Harper Government, commitment to a renewed relationship (i.e. Nation-to-Nation) with Canada’s First Nations, Métis and Inuit


October 5, 2015


NT

Response to TRC Summary Report

Detailed responses/updates to all 94 C2A
The GNWT’s responses are not intended to be a full answer to the recommendations. They represent a new step in the broader process of reconciliation.
https://www.eia.gov.nt.ca/sites/eia/files/gnwt_response_to_trc_calls_to_action.pdf


August 24, 2015


ON

Political Accord

Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne signed the Accord for the Province, while Ontario Regional Chief Isadore Day signed on behalf of the Political Confederacy and Chiefs-in-Assembly.

  • The Accord creates a formal bilateral relationship framed by the recognition of the treaty relationship.
  • The Accord affirms that First Nations have an inherent right to self-government and that the relationship between Ontario and the First Nations must be based upon respect for this right
  • Commits the parties to work together on issues of mutual interest, including resource benefits sharing, the treaty relationship and jurisdictional matters.
  • Sets a path for further reconciliation between First Nations and the people of Ontario.
  • The Accord also commits the Premier and First Nations’ leadership to meet twice yearly in order to further advance their efforts on shared priorities

June 22, 2015


AB

Response to TRC Summary Report

As a first step in reconciliation, Alberta apologized on behalf of past governments for not taking a stand to stop children from being taken from their homes and placed in federal residential schools. As a second step of reconciliation, Alberta joined the call for a national inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women. The Commission has also called upon federal, provincial, territorial and municipal governments to implement the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. We are working on doing that by implementing the principles of the UN Declaration in a way that is consistent with our Constitution and Alberta law. “We must not only acknowledge the mistakes and abuses of the past, but strive to create a society where Indigenous people can fully participate in the economic, social and cultural life of this province.


June 16, 2015


BC

Response to TRC Summary Report

Nothing specific. Indicated ongoing, current initiatives in Education, Health, Child Welfare, Domestic Violence, Health, Language & Culture, Justice,


June 14, 2015


NS

Response to TRC Summary report

As a government, we will take the necessary time to review the report and its recommendations, and will work to repair and rebuild the relationship with First Nations. Our government will work collaboratively with First Nation communities to establish, develop and strengthen our relationship, and we will work with other levels of government and institutions to respond appropriately to this report.

We have been consistent in our support for a national inquiry on missing and murdered aboriginal women and girls. We are also working with our partners to end violence against aboriginal women and girls living in New Brunswick.

We are currently renewing the Enhanced Education and Service Agreements with our First Nation partners to improve outcomes for aboriginal learners. We also support the community-based Healing to Wellness Court in Elsipogtog First Nation as it incorporates First Nations practices and culture.


June 5, 2015


SK

Joint Task Force on Improving Education

We will create a multi-ministry team to carefully examine this report and the full report once released. We will look to build on successes, such as teaching Treaty and First Nations and Métis histories in the classroom and the Joint Task Force on improving education and employment outcomes for First Nations and Métis


June 3, 2015


MB

Response to TRC Summary Report

CBC – Already acting upon three TRC Calls to Action:

  • Recognize aboriginal healing practices and use them to treat aboriginal patients
  • Recruit aboriginal healthcare providers in aboriginal communities and across the healthcare field
  • Consult with residential school survivors and aboriginal people to make curriculum about residential schools and other aboriginal history

June 2, 2015


Fed. Govt.

Release of TRC Summary Report

Releae of “Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future: Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission”


March 27, 2014


AB

Expression of Reconciliation

Expression of Reconciliation for the Legacy of the Residential School System
Focus is on Education. Commits that all Alberta students will learn about the history and legacy of residential schools, along with the history of First Nations, Metis and Inuit peoples of Canada through a revised K-12 curriculum. Creating a new Assistant Deputy Minister of Aboriginal Learning. This new leadership role will provide a focal point within the ministry and government for implementing First Nations, Metis and Inuit education policies, programs and initiatives.
https://education.alberta.ca/media/563919/albertas-expression-of-reconciliation.pdf


June 12, 2008


MB

Offical Apology

Formal apology to the Indigenous community for the legacy of the Residential School system.


June 11, 2008


Fed. Govt.

PM Harper Apology

Issued a formal apology for the Residential School system
https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100015644/1100100015649


February 25, 1996


NS

Suprteme Court upholds Treaty from 1752

The Supreme Court upheld the Treaty of 1752 between the Mi’kmaq and the Crown. (Toronto Star Oct. 2, 2019)


February 25, 1993


NS

Treaty Days

Nova Scotia’s Treaty Days was proclaimed in 1993 to commemorate and celebrate the relationship between the Mi”kmaq and the Crown (Toronto Star (Oct. 2, 2019)