June 28, 2022
Fed. Govt., Inuit Nunangat
Inuit – Crown Partnership Committee meeting
Crown–Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada – The Government of Canada and Inuit leaders have been working closely together through the Inuit-Crown Partnership Committee (ICPC) to advance reconciliation, strengthen the Inuit-Crown partnership, and create a more prosperous Inuit Nunangat through meaningful collaboration.
On Monday, June 27, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations Marc Miller and Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami President Natan Obed met with other members of the ICPC, in Inuvik, in the Inuvialuit region of Inuit Nunangat to discuss shared priorities, including:
- Inuit land claims,
- legislative priorities, and
- the implementation of the Inuit Nunangat Policy, which was formally endorsed and funded by the Government of Canada and Inuit leadership in April 2022.
The Policy will guide how federal departments work with Inuit partners on the design, development and delivery of new and renewed policies, programs, services and initiatives that apply in Inuit Nunangat or benefit Inuit. The Government has pledged $25.4 million over five years to accelerate implementation of the policy. Inuit and the federal government are currently working through the establishment of a governance framework and associated Secretariat to support these efforts.
During Monday’s meeting, officials also endorsed work plans on two of ICPC’s new priority areas:
- Sovereignty, Defence and Security
- Monitoring, Evaluation, and Learning
The Government of Canada will continue to work with Inuit leadership through the ICPC to build a renewed Inuit-Crown relationship and advance reconciliation based on affirmation of rights, respect, and partnership.
- The Inuit-Crown Partnership Committee was founded on the principle that an equal partnership between Inuit and the Crown is essential to the reconciliation process. The Committee meets three times a year. Once a year it is co-chaired by the Prime Minister and the President of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami.
- The Committee also includes, as permanent participants, the presidents of Inuit Circumpolar Council Canada, the National Inuit Youth Council, and Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada.
- Inuit Nunangat is the Inuit homeland in Canada. It encompasses the land, water, and ice of the Inuit land claim regions of the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Nunavik in Northern Quebec, and Nunatsiavut in Northern Labrador.
June 17, 2022
2022–2027 Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Wellness of the First Nations and Inuit
Together for Future Generations: 2022–2027 Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Wellness of the First Nations and Inuit
NationTalk: The 2022–2027 Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Wellness of the First Nations and Inuit was announced today by Ian Lafrenière, Minister Responsible for Indigenous Affairs. The plan outlines the Gouvernement du Québec’s new commitments on matters affecting Indigenous communities and reflects an evolution toward nation‑to‑nation relations.
The $141.1 million Action Plan details a total of 52 government measures planned for the next five years divided into six areas, involving 13 government departments and bodies, as well as a number of Indigenous partners. Focus Read include:
CULTURE, INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES AND RECONCILIATION
- Develop, promote and preserve Indigenous languages in Québec (MCC)
- Foster the development of self-supporting learning courses for the transmissionof Indigenous languages (MES)
- Increase assistance for Indigenous media organizations and provide suitable support (MCC)
- Contribute to the vitality and outreach of Indigenous cultures (MCC)
- Issue a call for projects on Indigenous languages, cultural projects for school-agechildren, and Indigenous media (MCC)
- Increase the number of cultural development agreements, strengthen existing agreements, and continue to hire cultural development officers in communities (MCC)
- Support the construction of infrastructures of the “culture centre” type (SAA)
- Implement a campaign to make the Québec population in general more aware of the Indigenous peoples (SAA)
ISSUES AND CHALLENGES FOR INDIGENOUS WOMEN
- Provide emergency financial assistance for victims of violence (MJQ)
- Support the integration of services for Indigenous victims of domestic, family and sexual violence (MJQ)
- Establish a crisis line, a chat-line and referencing line specific to the First Nations and Inuit (MJQ)
- Establish legal services for Indigenous women who are victims of violence (MJQ)
- Establish psychosocial support services, as part of the court process, for Indigenous women who are victims of domestic, family or sexual violence (MJQ)
- Support domestic and family violence projects implemented by Indigenous police forces (MSP)
- Establish specialized intervention services for incarcerated Indigenous women with a history of sexual or conjugal victimization (MSP)
- Support organizations for Cree and Inuit women (SCF)
- Support initiatives that promote the mobilization and leadership among Indigenous women (SAA)
- Assess the needs of Indigenous women subjected to domestic violence and Indigenous children exposed to violence in terms of the residential resources provided in urban environments (MSSS)
OVERALL DEVELOPMENT FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
- Support initiatives that target student retention and the success of Indigenous students (MEQ)
- Implement the program La cour d’école in Indigenous communities (DCPP)
- Support the introduction “Turaartavik” early childhood outreach workers (Agir tôt program) in Inuit communities in Nunavik for children up to six years of age and their families (MSSS)*
- Improve access to and the continuity of culturally relevant and secure perinatal care and services for the First Nations and Inuit (MSSS)
- Support the hiring of community-based, culturally-aware caseworkers in urban environments (MF)
- Help communities become autonomous in the area of child and youth protection by supporting and promoting the signing and implementing of agreements (MSSS)
- Support the adaptation of clinical practices to the realities, cultures and needs of Indigenous children and families (MSSS)
- Ensure that more managers, caseworkers and foster families receive training on cultural security in the area of child and youth protection and community-based services for young people in difficulty, to improve their knowledge of Indigenous realities and enhance their cultural skills (MSSS)
- Implement the recommendations in the Report of the Committee on the Application of Bill 21 in Aboriginal Communities, An Act to amend the Professional Code and other legislative provisions in the field of mental health and human relations (SAA)
SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS AND SOCIAL INCLUSION
- Support projects and initiatives for the retention and educational success of Indigenous school students (MES)
- Help the Société immobilière du Regroupement des centres d’amitié autochtones du Québec implement a new community living project for Indigenous students and their families in Chibougamau (MES)
- Develop basic education programs for English-speaking members of the First Nations and the Inuit in detention (MSP)
- Improve the First Nations and Inuit Faculties of Medicine Program to extend it to other professions and nations (MSSS)
- Provide training for MTESS employees on Indigenous realities (Mikimowin) (MTESS)
- Fund positions for Indigenous employment development liaison officers (MTESS)
- Support joint action among Indigenous youth partners and the implementation of projects with their input (SAJ)
- Support the mobilization, development and support of Indigenous youth (SAJ)
- Continue funding for the program to hire coordinators responsible for communitymobilization, citizen involvement and the promotion of healthy lifestyles (SAA)
- Consolidate and develop the structure of discussion tables to improve Indigenous access to services in urban environments (SAA)
- Introduce direct support for Indigenous students planning to continue in higher education (SAA, MES)
- Fund the upgrading of residential buildings in the community of Kitcisakik to prepare for the electrification of the community by HQ (SAA, MAMH/SHQ)
INDIGENOUS HEALTH AND WELLNESS
- Enhance the accessibility, continuity and quality of services in the realm of general psychosocial, mental health, addiction, homelessness and suicide prevention needs for First Nations members, in particular by supporting the signing of cooperative agreements between communities not covered by an agreement and institutions belonging to the health and social services network in their region (MSSS)
- Invest in solutions for vulnerable people in Montréal, including the homeless, put forward by the Indigenous community (MSSS)
- Support community street patrols working with the homeless population in Montréal (SAA)
- Support the deployment of fifteen additional liaison officers in the health and social services network to strengthen cultural security capacity (MSSS)
- Incorporate cultural security in public health actions targeting health and prevention, including suicide prevention, with the First Nations and Inuit (MSSS)
JUSTICE AND PUBLIC SECURITY
- Offer support and assistance culturally-adapted for Indigenous clientele subject to judicial control in collaboration with specialized organizations (MSP)
- Provide services and conditions for Indigenous people in detention facilities that are more likely to promote a process of rehabilitation or healing, using a culturally- adapted approach (MSP)
- Help maintain a mixed intervention team in Sept-Îles and Indigenous liaison officers in urban environments (SQ)
- Improve services in the court system for the First Nations (MJQ)
- Enhance access to justice in Nunavik (MJQ)
- Support the coordination of FNQLHSSC activities in the area of justice (MJQ)
- Implement an emergency call service pilot project in Nunavik (MSP)
- Provide training on Indigenous realities for criminal and penal prosecuting attorneys in connection with the criminal justice system (DCPP)
The government extensively consulted with First Nations members and Inuit to identify the priority concerns of their communities and ensure that the plan is satisfactory to all stakeholders. The focuses of the Action Plan include nationhood, cultural safety, the Canadian constitutional framework and the Gouvernement du Québec’s responsibilities. Significant emphasis has also been placed on Indigenous languages and cultures and Inuit‑specific considerations.
May 27, 2022
Quebec cabinet minister vows to protect Indigenous languages following Bill 96 passage
Nunatsiaq News: Quebec Indigenous Affairs Minister Ian Lafrenière says he’s committed to supporting Indigenous people in the province, after his government approved a new law this week protecting French language use.
On Tuesday, the Quebec National Assembly voted to pass Bill 96, which aims to affirm French as the only official language in the province. It’s expected to take at least a year before the law takes effect. Despite the bill’s aim, Lafrenière said people are not going to be forced to speak French when interacting with provincial institutions.
He said people have been scared by what he called “fake news” about the government enforcing use of French, and that Indigenous people have a right to protect and speak their languages. “Protecting French does not have to be done in opposition to protecting other languages like Inuktitut,” Lafrenière said in an English-language interview with Nunatsiaq News.
However, the bill has sparked opposition among groups concerned that it will make it more difficult for Inuit in Nunavik to access services like health care and education.
That’s because it caps the number of students allowed in publicly funded, English-language post-secondary schools. It also could discourage the use of English within the health-care system, according to McGill professor Richard Budgell. He shared concerns that Inuit might have a harder time seeking health care in Quebec if French when Bill 96 comes into effect.
Lafrenière spoke to Nunatsiaq News after returning from a week spent in six Nunavik communities, as well as several First Nations communities in northern Quebec. He said discussions during the trip made him want to do more to work with Indigenous communities and organizations to find ways to protect their languages.
“I want to work that [out] with different nations, like Inuit, and we’ll be working on this to see what we should do,” he said. “It’s not clear at this moment, but we need to help out people to protect their own languages like Inuktitut, that’s for sure.” Lafrenière said he has accomplished a goal he set for himself as minister, to visit all 14 Nunavik communities.
Lafrenière said Inuit in Nunavik will benefit from $188 million over five years to Quebec’s Indigenous Initiatives Fund, to promote economic development and improve community infrastructure, although he did not elaborate on specific amounts or where the money would go. Lafrenière said he’s also committed to furthering Inuit self-determination talks in Quebec — something that was on the forefront of Gov. Gen. Mary Simon’s visit to the region earlier this month.
April 21, 2022
Fed. Govt., Inuit Nunangat
Inuit Nunangat Policy
Today, the Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, and President Natan Obed of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, alongside federal Cabinet ministers and the elected Inuit leadership from the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation, Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated, Makivik Corporation, and the Nunatsiavut Government, endorsed the new, historic Inuit Nunangat Policy at a meeting of the ICPC. This marks the first time the Government of Canada has co-developed an overarching, whole-of-government policy of this nature.
The Inuit Nunangat Policy recognizes Inuit Nunangat – the Inuit homeland – as a distinct geographic, cultural, and political region, encompassing:
- Inuvialuit Settlement Region: Northwest Territories
- Nunavik: Northern Québec
- Nunatsiavut: Northern Labrador
The policy is inclusive of urban areas where Inuit reside. It will help guide the design, development, and delivery of all new or renewed federal policies, programs, services, and initiatives that apply in Inuit Nunangat or benefit Inuit.
With the goal of promoting prosperity and supporting community and individual well-being throughout Inuit Nunangat, the Government of Canada is committing a total of $25 million over five years for the implementation of the Inuit Nunangat Policy. This includes $20 million for projects to accelerate policy implementation in line with Inuit priorities. The Government of Canada and Inuit will continue to work together to implement the policy through a strategic, coordinated, and whole-of-government approach.
During the meeting, the Prime Minister, President Obed, and Committee members also discussed proposed Budget 2022 investments and linkages to ICPC priority areas, in particular a new investment of $845 million over seven years in housing support across Inuit Nunangat. Inuit leadership and ministers also endorsed several new priority areas of work, including international Inuit priorities, monitoring, evaluation, and learning as well as sovereignty, defence, and security.
Today’s endorsement of the Inuit Nunangat Policy is an important step toward supporting Inuit self-determination and ensuring meaningful, Inuit-led solutions to the distinct issues faced by Inuit. The Government of Canada will continue to work with Inuit leadership through the ICPC to build a renewed Inuit-Crown relationship and advance reconciliation based on affirmation of rights, respect, and partnership.
December 14, 2021
2021 Fall Economic Statement
Government of Canada: This fiscal update includes a provision to settle the cases on harm to First Nation children currently before the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal and to invest in transforming the services offered to First Nation children and their families.
- We have provisioned $20 billion for compensation and $20 billion to improve the system going forward.
- $37M over 5 years for Indigenous Services Canada and the Treasury Board Secretariat to work to meet Canada’s target of 5 per cent of federal contracts being awarded to businesses managed and led by Indigenous peoples as announced on August 6, 2021. The funding will be used to modernize the Procurement Strategy for Aboriginal Business, engage and consult with Indigenous partners and rights holders, and implement a reporting framework.
- $33M funding over 2 years proposed for Indigenous Services Canada to support a coordination agreement with Cowessess First Nation to exercise jurisdiction over child and family services under “An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families”, as announced on July 6, 2021.
- $320M ovr 5 years is proposed for the departments of Canadian Heritage, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Indigenous Services Canada to further address the tragic legacy of residential schools. Funding will allow more Indigenous communities to undertake the work to locate, document and commemorate the burials of children who died while attending residential schools, enhance residential schools commemoration activities, install a National Residential Schools Monument, increase access to trauma-informed health and cultural support services and support the demolition and rehabilitation of residential school sites, as announced on August 10, 2021.
December 10, 2021
Second Annual (2021) Statutory Report
Release of “Second Annual (2021) Statutory Report Pursuant to Section 10 of the Department of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Act, Statutes of Canada, Chapter 29, 2019”. The report covers the period between April 1, 2020 and March 31, 2021 and emphasizes that the government’s path to reconciliation is guided by the:
- Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples
- Qikiqtani Truth Commission
- Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s Calls to Action
- National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and girls Calls for Justice
- Implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People
- Arctic and Northern Policy Framework
Progress to Date:
- MMIWG Action Plan released on June 3, 2021
- Formalizing relationships with Indigenous women’s organizations: Native Women’s Association of Canada, Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada and Les Femmes Michif Otipemisiwak (Women of the Métis Nation)
- Completion of 16 Calls to Action (vs 4 completed by Indigenous Watchdog’s count as of March 31, 2021. Now 20 vs 8 as of March 21, 2022)
- Introduced legislation to address UNDRIP (C2A #43), Statutory Holiday (C2A #80), Oath of Citizenship (C2A #94)
- Advancing Calls to Action #71-76 to address Missing Children and Burial Information
- Commitment to settle “Indigenous childhood claims litigation”
- From Jan. 1, 2016 to March 31, 2021, 173 claims have been resolved for $4.7B in compensation. As of March 31, 2021, there were 584 claims in the Specific Claims Inventory: 177 in assessment, 338 in negotiations and 69 under the purview of the Specific Claims Tribunal
For full details on a wide range of other topics see:
October 19, 2021
Funding for Manitoba Inuit Association
To assist in building capacity of the representative organization for Inuit living in Manitoba, the Manitoba government is providing $30,000 toward the Manitoba Inuit Association (MIA) to continue its work of enhancing the lives of Inuit in Manitoba and connecting Inuit to services that meet their evolving needs particularly in health care, social services and education,”
More than 1,000 Inuit call Manitoba home and more than 15,000 visits are made by Inuit travelling to Winnipeg hospitals every year from the Kivalliq region of Nunavut for health care and to pursue skills-training or post-secondary education opportunities,”
The MIA opened its doors in 2012 and works to strengthen Inuit language and culture in Manitoba.
April 16, 2021
Nunavik Self-Determination Agreement
Nunatsiaq News – Makivik Corp. will resume negotiations over a self-determination agreement for Nunavik with the governments of Canada and Québec to establish a form of Indigenous government in the region based on Inuit values, culture and language. Makivik’s self-determination committee is made up of representatives from Nunavik’s major regional organizations:
- Kativik Regional Government
- Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services
- Kativik Ilisarniliriniq
- Fédération des Coopératives du Nouveau Québec
- Nunavik Landholding Corporations Association
- Saturviit Inuit Women’s Association of Nunavik
- Qarjuit Youth Council and
- the Avataq Cultural Institute.
January 21, 2020
Nunavut and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI) signed the Katujjiqatigiinniq Protocol today, to help guide shared Inuit-Government goals to benefit Nunavut Inuit. Specifically, Katujjiqatigiinniq helps shape the work around:
- the broad principles, priorities and bilateral mechanisms that will contribute towards productive working relationships and outcomes;
- making practical commitments in relation to leadership, oversight, and administration that will focus enhanced working relationships and outcomes; and
- the Government of Nunavut (GN) and NTI’s continued implementation of the Nunavut Agreement, including Article 32 and the development of an Article 32 policy and joint Information Sharing Agreement.
October 14, 2019
Innu Nation denounces NunatuKavut Community Council MOU with Canada
Innu Nation is denouncing the MOU signed between Canada and the NunatuKavut Community Council (NCC). “Canada has acted dishonourably now on two occasions. First, they announced in 2018 that they were embarking on “exploratory talks” without giving us any details on what was being discussed. Now, Canada has signed a secret deal with NCC that gives them a seat at a “rights recognition” table without considering the impacts that such talks will have on the Innu”, said Deputy Grand Chief Etienne Rich. “What is obvious to us is that Canada is ignoring their responsibilities to the Innu, and we are seeking advice on our legal options.”
While we have spent over 50 years seeking recognition of our rights, NCC is now being rushed to the front of the line while the Innu are being trampled.” concluded Grand Chief Rich.
September 27, 2019
Nunavut Tunngavik 2018-2021 Priorities
We will seek to work with the Governments of Canada and Nunavut to achieve substantial and measurable progress towards the full implementation of Article 23 of the Nunavut Agreement. Inuit employment and full implementation of Article 23 are the essential means to address many of the prevailing issues in Inuit society today. Members also discussed the need to radically transform the government work force and the existing bureaucratic culture.
To make substantial progress on Inuit employment in the next three years, we will collaborate with the Governments to:
- develop and implement robust Inuit Employment Plans and Pre-Employment Training Plans;
- take concrete steps towards making Inuktut the primary language of work in the Government of Nunavut;
- enact of an Inuit Employment Act; and
- reform the primary education system in Nunavut.
We will seek to make significant progress in strengthening Inuktut in all aspects of life in Nunavut, including Nunavut’s education system, public service workplaces, and delivery of essential government programs and services. Inuit are rebuilding our pride in our Inuit identity which has been damaged by colonialism and past government policies of assimilation.
Inuktut is an essential and central part of rebuilding Inuit identity. Inuit culture, history, traditions and values are embodied in and conveyed through our language. It is well documented that Inuktut use has been in a state of decline. Urgent and serious efforts are needed to reverse this.
Therefore, it is essential that we try all available means, through urgent and concern actions, to make substantial progress towards:
- making Inuktut the primary language of instruction in Nunavut schools;
- making Inuktut an official language of Canada in Nunavut;
- making Inuktut the primary language of work in government offices; and
- making Inuktut the primary language for delivery of essential government programs and services including health care, education and justice in Nunavut;
We will seek to work with the Governments of Canada and Nunavut to create an education system that reflects and promotes Inuit priorities and Inuit culture. In order to keep our children in school it is crucial to develop school curriculum centered on Inuit culture, and to encourage and support Inuit children and youth to pursue and succeed in all levels of education.
To that end, we will seek to:
- collaborate with the Government of Nunavut in the Education Act Review process to make important reforms in the primary education system in Nunavut that reflect Inuit priorities (e.g., measurable steps towards making Inuktut the primary language of instruction in Nunavut schools);
- collaborate with the federal and territorial governments to make significant investment in new training programs for Inuktut-speaking teachers; and
- collaborate with the federal and territorial governments to take significant steps to strengthen Inuktut in daycares in Nunavut.
We will seek to work with the Governments of Canada and Nunavut to make substantial progress in narrowing housing and other infrastructure gaps in Nunavut, and raising infrastructure standards in Nunavut up to national levels. There is an urgent need to establish the basic infrastructures in Nunavut that include but are not limited to:
- Roads and Ports
- Elders Facilities
- Wildlife Research/Testing Facilities
- Heritage/Culture Centres
- Addition/Treatment Centres
- Youth Facilities
- Hydroelectric Facilities
- Fiber Optics Network or High-Speed Internet
The lack of basic infrastructures has seriously impaired Nunavummiut’s ability to better themselves, to improve their well-being and standard of living, to fight poverty and food insecurity, and to compete in a modern economy.
In the next three years, we will:
- collaborate with the governments to develop an Inuit Nunangat Housing Strategy, to supplement the National Housing Strategy and the GN’s Blueprint for Action on Housing;
- collaborate with the governments to develop a Long-Term Infrastructure Strategy and to start early implementation of the Strategy and development of strategic projects; and
- collaborate with governments and private sector to establish a strategic development fund for major infrastructure projects in Nunavut.
We will seek to work with the Governments of Canada and Nunavut to create Article 32 protocol to promote meaningful Inuit participation in the development of social and cultural policies and programs in Nunavut.
Government policies and programs must reflect and promote Inuit societal values, culture and traditions. Meaningful Inuit participation in this regard is an important means to redress past harm and historical wrongs that have been done to Inuit society, and to achieve the broader goal of reconciliation.
September 5, 2019
NunatuKavut Community Council MOU
The Honourable Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, and Todd Russell, President of the NunatuKavut Community Council (NCC), signed a Memorandum of Understanding on self-determination.
This Memorandum of Understanding will help guide the Government of Canada and NCC as they work in partnership to explore new ways to strengthen their relationship and address the priorities identified by NCC. The goal of this process is to move forward together to find shared and balanced solutions that advance reconciliation in a way that respects the interests of members of NCC and all Canadians.
August 15, 2019
Directive on Government Contracts
Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated (NTI) is pleased at the release of the new co-developed federal government procurement Directive relating to contracting activity in the Nunavut Settlement Area. Throughout the negotiations, NTI has consistently interpreted and defined the policy objectives under Article 24 as falling under three separate and independent pillars:
- the right of Inuit to own and operate companies
- the right of Inuit to work and be employed through government contracting, and;
- the right of Inuit to undertake skills training and development, for the appropriate contracts
August 15, 2019
Federal Government apology in response to Qikiqtani Truth Commission’s Final Report, Achieving Saimaqatigiingniq
Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations delivered an official apology on behalf of the Government of Canada to the Qikiqtani Inuit for the Government’s actions in the Qikiqtani region between 1950 and 1975. “During this period, Government policies included forced relocation and family separation of Qikiqtani Inuit, the killing of qimmiit (sled dogs), who were key to culture, survival and community health since time immemorial, and other assimilative actions. These actions have resulted in deep and lasting effects on Qikiqtani Inuit.”
To move forward, Minister Bennett announced that Canada and the Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA) have established a Memorandum of Understanding to work in partnership to build a long-term and sustainable response to the Qikiqtani Truth Commission’s findings. This includes identified funding to implement programming for Qikiqtani Inuit to promote Inuit culture, healing and well-being for current and future generations.
April 26, 2019
Fed. Govt., Inuit
Release of “Nation-Building at Home, Vigilance Beyond”
Nunatsiaq News – Release of “Nation-Building At Home, Vigilance Beyond: Preparing for the Coming Decades in the Arctic” with 15 of 28 recommendations relating to Indigenous peoples:
- Meaningful partnerships with Indigenous peoples and northern communities (7)
- Defence, Security and Stewardship (0)
- Geopolitics (0)
- Circumpolar diplomacy and Indigenous rights (6)
- Climate Change, Science and Knowledge (2)
April 1, 2019
Fed. Govt., Inuit
Budget 2019 Inuit Investments
Proposed Inuit-specific investments total $395.5 million and include the following:
- $50 million over 10 years for continued implementation of the National Inuit Suicide Prevention Strategy and $5 million per year ongoing;
- $125.5 million over 10 years for an Inuit-led post-secondary education strategy and $21.8 million per year ongoing; and
- $220 million over five years to provide important health and social services to Inuit children.
In addition, ITK is pleased with the commitment included in the budget to support universal high-speed internet access for all Canadians by 2030. Infrastructure in Inuit Nunangat lags behind that of all other OECD countries with Arctic territory. While Budget 2019 proposes a one-time transfer of $2.2 billion in infrastructure investments for communities through the federal Gas Tax Fund, ITK is deeply disappointed with the continued exclusion of Inuit from infrastructure investment and decision-making opportunities in our homelands.
March 8, 2019
Launch of the “Nanilavut Initiative”, developed in partnership with Inuit, to help Inuit families and communities with the process of healing. In Inuktitut, “Nanilavut” means “let’s find them.” The initiative will help families find information on loved ones sent away during the epidemic. It will also provide other support identified as important by Inuit, including mental health assistance and commemoration activities.
March 8, 2019
Fed. Govt., Inuit
Prime Minster apology for events leading to Tuberculosis crisis
Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, today apologized on behalf of the Government of Canada to Inuit for its actions during the tuberculosis epidemic from the 1940s to the 1960s. During this period, thousands of Inuit were sent away from their communities for tuberculosis treatment in southern Canada, where they were cut off from their language, their culture, their families, and their home. In too many cases, when people passed away during treatment, they were buried far from home, leaving families with no knowledge of the fate of their loved ones
January 11, 2019
Canada apology for forced relocation of Ahiarmiut Inuit
Nunatsiaq News – Last summer the Ahiarmiut won a settlement from the federal government worth about $5M as a result of protracted negotiations that followed a lawsuit they had filed in 2008. The upcoming apology on January 22, 2021 is part of that settlement. In their lawsuit, the Ahiarmiut said the Canadian government, with the RCMP and “various commercial operations,” forcibly relocated the Ahiarmiut multiple times among various places in the southern Kivalliq region.
“The relocations resulted in malnutrition, starvation and many deaths,” the release said.
November 29, 2018
Expanding the Circle: What Reconciliation and Inclusive Growth Can Mean for Inuit and Canada
This conference brought together key leaders from across Inuit Nunangat to develop a united call to action on steps to achieve Inuit economic reconciliation, and was hosted with the assistance of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK). Topics included:
- Inuit right to economic development and prosperity;
- Inuit business and government procurement; and
- Inuit economic development and government policy and programming.
July 12, 2018
NunatuKavut: Recognition of Indigenous Rights and Self-Determination
Today, the Honourable Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs, and Todd Russell, President of the NunatuKavut Community Council, announced the start of discussions on recognition of Indigenous rights and self-determination. Discussions will be community-driven, could cover many different issues, and involve ongoing engagement with NunatuKavut members. The goal is to obtain greater clarity on the rights, needs and interests most important to the community as well as finding common ground to move ahead in partnership toward shared solutions that help advance reconciliation and renew the relationship.
NunatuKavut means “Our Ancient Land” in Inuttitut and is the traditional territory of the Southern Inuit. The NunatuKavut Community Council is the representative governing body for approximately 6,000 Inuit of south and central Labrador, collectively known as the Southern Inuit of NunatuKavut.
July 9, 2018
Joint Statement on the Development of Fishery Regulations
To celebrate the 25th anniversary of the signing of the Nunavut Agreement, the Government of Canada, Nunavut Tunngavik Inc., the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board, and the Government of Nunavut have issued a joint statement on the development of fishery regulations for the Nunavut Settlement Area (NSA). The Joint Statement on the Development of Fishery Regulations for the Nunavut Settlement Area builds on the significant progress made in recent months to implement the Nunavut Agreement in all future regulation of the territory’s fisheries under the Fisheries Act.
March 28, 2018
2018 Budget for Bi-lateral Meetings
$13.7M/2 years to fund bilateral meetings with three national Indigenous groups. Budget 2018 is investing $74.9 million over five years.
February 1, 2018
A new Approach to Economic Development in Nunavut
The driving forces for negotiating the Nunavut Agreement were Inuit relationships with wildlife, the environment, and the hunting way of life. Inuit sought self-determination and recognition of jurisdiction. For these aspirations to be realized, Inuit must lead planning and design of all major initiatives in their homeland. This begins with taking a holistic approach to economic development that includes social and cultural considerations. Of course, a critical component of this process is co-operation between the Crown and Inuit.
For Inuit, economic development must be guided by Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (Inuit Knowledge). This means that the decision to pursue development and the processes to achieve development must be guided by Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit. Taking this approach applies an Inuit worldview to decisions and actions that influence Inuit lives….This document is informed by Inuit political history as described in the Qikiqtani Truth Commission and discussed in A New Shared Arctic Leadership Model. This document is QIA’s articulation of how the current Federal Government can advance the process of reconciliation by focusing its efforts upon specific outcomes.
Specifically, QIA requests the following from the Government of Canada:
- That the Government of Canada formally and publicly acknowledge the findings of the Qikiqtani Truth Commission, including an acknowledgement that high levels of suicide, addiction, incarceration, and social dysfunction found in the Qikiqtani Region are, in large part, symptoms of intergenerational trauma caused by historical wrongs.
- QIA is requesting that the Prime Minister formally apologize for these historical wrongs as a clear and decisive step towards Saimaqatigiingniq.
- That the Government of Canada make a formal commitment to support the implementation of recommendations set out in the Qikiqtani Truth Commission Report.
November 24, 2017
Nunatsiavut: Prime Minister Trudeau’s Residential School apology
Prime Minister Trudeau apologized to survivors of indigenous people who went to residential schools after 1949 – when the province joined Confederation. Provincial Government will undertake its own apology to residential school survivors in consultation with the survivors of the former residential school system and the leaders of Indigenous Governments and Organizations in Newfoundland and Labrador.” Labrador survivors were left out of prime minister Stephen Harper’s 2008 apology because the schools were not run by the federal government at the time.
February 9, 2017
Inuit Nunangat Declaration on Inuit-Crown Partnership
Federal Government and Inuit Tapariit Kanatami signed the Inuit Nunangat Declaration, a bilateral agreement committed to take action on shared priorities:
- Recognizing full and fair implementation of the obligations and objectives of Inuit land claims agreements as foundational for creating prosperity among Inuit which benefits all Canadians;
- Recognizing also the disproportionate socio-economic and cultural inequity facing Inuit compared to most other Canadians, and committing to working in partnership to create socio-economic and cultural equity between Inuit and other Canadians. This commitment includes energetically and creatively pursuing the socio-economic, cultural, and environmental conditions of success through the full implementation of land claims agreements as well as reconciliation;
Now, therefore, the Government of Canada, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, Inuvialuit Regional Corporation, Makivik Corporation, Nunatsiavut Government, and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated have, in this Declaration, achieved consensus regarding the creation of the Inuit-Crown Partnership Committee to collaboratively identify and take action on shared priorities and monitor progress going forward.
January 12, 2017
Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada MOU
Federal Government and the Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada (PIWC), signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to establish a whole-of-government relationship to address issues of common concern that directly affect the well-being and safety of Inuit women and children across Canada.
December 15, 2015
Release of TRC Final Report
Commit to a “renewed” (i.e. Nation-to-Nation) relationship with First Nations, Métis and Inuit.
June 2, 2015
TRC Final Report
Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future: Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
April 1, 2014
The Qikiqtani Truth Commission
The Qikiqtani Truth Commission is the first Inuit-sponsored and Inuit-led initiative of its kind. It is also a rare example of a comprehensive social justice inquiry led by an Aboriginal organization. The Final report of the Qikiqtani Truth Commission “Achieving Saimaqatigiingniq” listed 25 recommendations under 4 themes to initiate an Inuit Truth and Reconciliation process.
• Acknowledging and Healing Past Wrongs
• Strengthening Inuit Governance
• Strengthening Inuit Culture, and
• Creating Healthy Communities.
August 8, 2011
Nunavik Self-Determination Agreement
The Quebec government has acknowledged the negative effects on Inuit society of a mass slaughter of sled dogs in the province’s far north in the 1950s and 1960s. Premier Jean Charest and his native affairs minister signed an agreement on Monday to that effect in Kangiqsualujjuaq in the presence of Pita Aatami, president of the Makivik, which promotes aboriginal development and culture. The provincial government also pledged $3 million to support the Inuit in the protection and promotion of their culture. (Globe and Mail)
January 22, 2005
Negotiations between the Innu Nation of labrador are now under way for a Final Agreement with the governments of Canada and Newfoundand and Labrador
March 25, 1996
Nunatsiavut Framework Agreement
Innu Nation of Labrador signs the Framework Agreement in 1996 after 10 years of negotiation
February 25, 1986
Nunatsiavut: Launch of Innu Nation of Labrador land claim process
The Innu Nation in Nunatsiavut (Newfoundland and Labrador) formally entered the land claim process in 1977 by filing a statement of claim. It took over a decade of additional work with anthropologists and ethnographers to verify Innu land use and occupancy studies to establish land claim boundaries before Canada indicated that it was were prepared to sit down to negotiate a framework agreement with Innu Nation and the Province to start negotiations