Indigenous Success Stories: Inuit

November 7, 2023

First Nations

New guide shows an Indigenous-led energy shift

Gull Bay First Nation community members work on a solar project. Photo courtesy of Power to the People, Real World Media Listen to article

Canada’s National Observer: From Mi’gmaq communities in the Gaspé Peninsula harnessing the power of wind to a health centre powered by solar in Lubicon Lake First Nation in Alberta, the energy transition is underway and is being led by Indigenous communities.

A new guide highlights those stories, along with others across Canada. Released Monday by Sacred Earth SolarIndigenous Climate ActionDavid Suzuki FoundationPower to the People and Real World Media, the guide highlights examples showing Indigenous communities embracing clean energy and a just transition, leading to far-reaching benefits. Called the Indigenous Just Transition Guide, the research is meant to inspire and educate Indigenous communities on pathways towards clean energy that include Indigenous sovereignty and leadership and be a resource for all levels of government as they implement climate policy.

A truly just transition off fossil fuels needs to be informed by existing stories of Indigenous success and centre a variety of Indigenous knowledge and perspectives, the report notes. In Canada, Indigenous communities are building solar, wind and other renewable projects at a swift rate. In 2020, not-for-profit Indigenous Clean Energy Social Enterprise noted there are almost 200 medium to large renewable projects either nearing completion or already in operation with some level of Indigenous participation.

As reported by The Canadian Press, new data not yet released by the not-for-profit shows Indigenous communities “now own, co-own or have a defined financial benefit agreement in place for almost 20 per cent of Canada’s electricity generating infrastructure,” making them the largest asset owners outside of utilities. 

“The Just Transition Guide provides inspiring case studies where Indigenous communities are taking a lead on real climate solutions while also showing a path forward for our communities who are not sure where to start,” said Jayce Chiblow of Garden River First Nation, who is the education and training manager at Indigenous Climate Action

“Created by and for Indigenous peoples, this guide is not only an impactful resource on the path to a just and equitable future, but is also a resource that considers the unique needs and challenges our communities face.”

Melina Laboucan-Massimo has seen many examples of Indigenous communities taking renewable energy into their own hands. The health centre powered by solar in Lubicon Lake First Nation is in Laboucan-Massimo’s home community of Little Buffalo.

Melina Laboucan-Massimo in front of solar panels in Little Buffalo. Photo by Gregory Miller / UVIC 

She set up the solar project as part of her master’s thesis and has since worked to highlight Indigenous-led renewable energy projects across Canada in her documentary series Power to the People. The guide stems from research she started during her master’s in Indigenous governance, which she then expanded during a fellowship at the David Suzuki Foundation and through her documentary series.

“While our whole world transitions to renewable energy from fossil fuels, it is essential that we are critical and we are aware of the impacts … of clean energy, so we do not replicate the same systems of harm that have been perpetuated from the previous energy era,” explained Laboucan-Massimo, who is also founder of Sacred Earth Solar and co-founder of Indigenous Climate Action.

Rather than large energy companies coming into communities, much like what is done with fossil fuels, the guide stresses that solutions for a just transition need to include Indigenous-led projects. The opposite is already occurring, notably with the Ring of Fire, a mineral deposit the Ontario government says is vital for the future of electric vehicles, the authors note. Grassy Narrows, Wapekeka, Neskantaga, Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug, and Muskrat Dam First Nations have all been pushing back against the mining: they say the plan’s consequences have not been adequately considered and the government hasn’t consulted them.

“Not only are renewable energy projects used to perpetuate systems of colonization for the benefit of non-Indigenous peoples and cities, governments and oil and gas corporations are using renewable energy projects as a way to greenwash their bad reputation,” notes the report.

Bill C-50

The Canadian Sustainable Jobs Act, also known as Bill C-50, moved to second reading in late October. In its current form, the bill requires the government to publish sustainable job action plans every five years and create a partnership council to provide ongoing advice to the government and ensure workers have the opportunity to contribute to the plans over time. 

The guide highlights a Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives report that notes Canada’s policies around phasing out coal by 2030, which include specific protections for workers, will largely benefit white men born in Canada. The clean energy transition will benefit that same group unless policies are put forward to intentionally diversify the workforce, the report found.

Bill C-50 is also “narrowly focused” on jobs, notes the guide, which says the legislation “does not include the need for entire communities, municipalities, and provinces to transition, missing the opportunity to solve much more than our climate problems.”

“The principles and strategies of the just transition extend beyond our energy systems, as we also advocate for just relationships with one another and with the natural world.”

Severn Cullis-Suzuki, executive director of the David Suzuki Foundation, said the 10 key lessons offered in the report, which include “community engagement and relationships are vital” among others, are just the starting point for what can be gleaned from the guide and the experiences it documents.

“Indigenous Peoples have been living and working with nature since time immemorial — it’s thrilling to see nations’ and communities’ leadership in the renewable energy economy and just transition in Canada,” said Cullis-Suzuki.

“If Canada believes in reconciliation and Indigenous rights, then all levels of government need to implement policies and funding that support communities and help ensure the inevitable transition to renewable energy is equitable and just, leaving no person or community behind.”

By Cloe Logan, Reporter, Halifax

Click on the following link to read the original article in Canada’s National Observer:

October 31, 2023

First Nations

Massive tent celebrating Canada’s land, water ‘guardians’ raised on Parliament Hill

Francis Audet and Darren Verreault work on the frame for the shaputuan being built on the east lawn of Parliament Hill in Ottawa on Oct. 31. BLAIR GABLE/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

The Globe and Mail: An Indigenous group has raised a large traditional tent on the lawn of Parliament Hill to celebrate a program that places agents known as “guardians” across Canada to care for lands and waters.

The communal tent, known as a shaputuan in the Innu language, was organized by the Indigenous Leadership Initiative, a group that advocates for the guardian program nationally and promotes Indigenous-led conservation efforts.

Indigenous guardians raise the alarm on impact of climate change in Canada

The 26-metre-long, five-metre-high structure is intended to bring attention to the work of guardians, trained Indigenous experts who work to manage protected areas, restore animal and plant habitats, test water quality and monitor development, among other things.

In general, shaputuan tents are places of celebration, assembly and ceremony, Valerie Courtois, executive director of the Indigenous Leadership Initiative, said in an interview. “They require a lot of work to put up,” she added.

The communal tent, known as a shaputuan in the Innu language, was organized by the Indigenous Leadership Initiative.BLAIR GABLE/THE GLOBE AND MAIL

This tent, raised by a Quebec firm that specializes in custom-made structures for large gatherings, went up Tuesday and is to be taken down Wednesday.

Although the group will be holding a news conference in Ottawa on Wednesday, Ms. Courtois suggested that its topic would not be a pitch for greater financial support. The leadership initiative is partly funded by the federal government.

“We’ve had ongoing asks in with the federal government for a long time, but this is not an event to highlight those. This is an event that’s really meant to be just a celebration,” Ms. Courtois said. “We’re doing this so parliamentarians and senators can fall in love with guardians like we have.”

Ms. Courtois said officials on Parliament Hill welcomed the idea.

The 26-metre-long, five-metre-high structure is intended to bring attention to the work of guardians.BLAIR GABLE/THE GLOBE AND MAIL


May 16, 2022

Nunavut Impact Review Board rejects Baffinland’s Phase 2 Proposal to expand the Mary River Mine

NationTalk: The Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA) is encouraged by the Nunavut Impact Review Board (NIRB) recommendation to the federal government to reject Baffinland’s Phase 2 Proposal to expand the Mary River Mine.

It was evident in the review process that many communities were not in support of the Phase 2 Proposal.  The Inuit organizations and communities raised serious concerns about anticipated impacts on narwhal, marine wildlife, and caribou, and how the proposal did not sufficiently address those impacts which will have a profound effect on Inuit harvesting and cultural practices. QIA commends NIRB for the close attention it pays, in the report, to the evidence that Inuit brought to the hearing about what they are already experiencing from the existing mine, and what they understand about the impacts of any expansion.

“Inuit have said many times that they are not opposed to mining on their lands. But mining on Inuit lands must proceed in a way that Inuit can trust. NIRB recognized that Inuit have important concerns that the current proposal will negatively affect the land, animals, and Inuit way of life. We look forward to working with Baffinland, the impacted communities, and the federal government to make sure the current project and any future expansion aligns with an Inuit vision of sustainable development”, said Olayuk Akesuk, President of QIA.

QIA understands that although there are benefits to the Phase 2 Proposal and some hamlets have already expressed support, the NIRB hearing showed key concerns about the proposed expansion that cannot be ignored and have yet to be properly addressed. Mechanisms are needed to ensure that both the current mine and any future expansion respect Inuit knowledge and rights, so that Inuit input and traditional knowledge are taken seriously and result in meaningful changes to the Mary River Project that address Inuit concerns.

QIA is the Designated Inuit Organization for this project. This means that QIA will do everything in its power to ensure that any proposed mine expansion is acceptable to Inuit and respects the need for Inuit oversight and decision-making on issues where Inuit are greatly affected.

The QIA Board looks forward to the next phase of this process and will endeavour to keep Inuit informed on next steps.

May 11, 2022

13 projects funded under Canada-Inuit Nunangat-United Kingdom Arctic Research Programme 2021-25

NationTalk: The CINUK Programme aims to increase understanding of and address the environmental, social, economic, cultural and engineering/infrastructure impacts of climate change in the Canadian Arctic.

The CINUK Programme partners and funders – Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, United Kingdom Research and Innovation (UKRI), POLAR Knowledge Canada, the National Research Council of Canada (NRC), Parks Canada Agency, and Fonds de recherche du Québec – warmly welcome all the successful project teams.

The research being conducted by the successful projects over the three years of the CINUK Programme covers a wide range of important areas, including:

  • shipping,
  • wildlife health,
  • country foods,
  • ecosystem health,
  • safe travel,
  • search and rescue,
  • renewable energy,
  • community health,
  • coastal erosion,
  • plastics and pollution, and
  • much more

Notes to Editors:

  • Details of all the 13 successful projects can be found here:
  • The research funded under the CINUK Programme focuses on changing Arctic ecosystems and the impacts to Inuit communities and beyond. It explores innovative and practical mitigation and adaptation mechanisms and technologies to enhance resilience to environmental change.
  • The total value of the combined funding available through the CINUK Programme is equivalent to £11.2m (GBP) or $18.2m (CAN). Funding is provided by UK Research and Innovation, Polar Knowledge Canada, National Research Council and Fonds de recherche du Québec. ‘In kind’ contributions are also being provided to many of the projects by the Canadian partners.
  • Details of the MOU announcement in May 2021 –

April 20, 2022

Inuit Circumpolar Council

NationTalk: Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) Canada and the Royal Canadian Geographical Society (RCGS) are pleased to announce a collaboration project aimed at bringing greater awareness of circumpolar Inuit issues and the importance of Inuit globally in support of reconciliation. The project includes articles in Canadian Geographic magazine, public speaking events, educational materials and outreach, and a documentary film project.

“This is a very exciting project for Inuit,” said ICC Canada Vice-President (International) Lisa Koperqualuk. “Impacts in the circumpolar Arctic come from abroad, and to safeguard the Arctic, Inuit voices must be heard. Inuit are doing incredible things not only to combat climate change, but also and through our Indigenous knowledge and the preservation of our language we have much to offer our youth, Canada, and the world. RCGS is a great partner to help tell our stories. There are some fascinating links we all have together, so this collaboration has developed quite organically, and I am very happy we are announcing it today, and with the support of the Governor General of Canada.”

“Collaboration on Inuit, First Nations and Métis led initiatives to advance our own, and Canadians, understanding is key to realizing the Royal Canadian Geographical Society’s strategic priority to advance Truth and Reconciliation across Canada.  I am proud to celebrate this collaboration with the Inuit Circumpolar Council of Canada,” said Charlene Bearhead, Director of Reconciliation, the Royal Canadian Geographical Society.

March 15, 2022

Indigenous Knowledge component of the Climate Atlas of Canada

CBC – The Indigenous Knowledges component of the Climate Atlas of Canada, launched today, is the culmination of years of work by Hetxw’ms Gyetxw and the team at the University of Winnipeg’s Prairie Climate Centre, in collaboration with Indigenous communities across the country. 

The newly-launched feature provides information about the impacts of climate change on 634 First Nations communities and 53 Inuit communities, while also profiling projects surrounding climate change adaptation and mitigation across the Métis homeland. The map also shares videos from Indigenous elders and knowledge keepers, centring their knowledge as a resource. It highlights projects aimed at curbing greenhouse gas emissions, such as the Cowessess First Nation wind-solar battery storage project in Saskatchewan, and community efforts to adapt to climate change, like the the  Métis wildland firefighters

Ian Mauro, Executive Director of the Prairie Climate Centre, who is not Indigenous, said it was important for him as a geographer to help put Indigenous communities on the map — literally in some cases — and work toward reconciliation. It’s a massive contribution from Indigenous communities to all of Canada … to think about a different way of approaching this hugely complex issue that is grounded in that millennia-old yet current and modern Indigenous wisdom,” he said.

The unique approach illustrates how Western or Eurocentric climate change science and Indigenous expertise can complement one another. It’s the embodiment of a concept sometimes called two-eyed seeing, which Hetxw’ms Gyetxw describes: 

“Through one eye you’re looking at the world through the Western sciences and the other eye you’re looking through traditional knowledges … you’re taking all perspectives and you’re seeing the world as it truly is, not just in one segmented way.”

Hetxw’ms Gyetxw said Indigenous knowledge is often stereotyped as only being about the past, or relegated to topics like hunting and fishing. He hopes this new tool will help Canadians see the bigger picture.

“Indigenous knowledge encompasses everything,” he said. “It encompasses the weather, it encompasses what things are going to look like in the future. We take into account the biology, the ecology, everything about our lands.”


February 23, 2022

Imappivut Marine Planning Initiative

NationTalk – The Governments of Canada and Nunatsiavut sign Memorandum of Understanding to assess feasibility of establishing a new protected area along northern Labrador coast. The MOU confirms commitment to determine the feasibility of establishing an Indigenous protected area under the Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act adjacent to Torngat Mountains National Park.

The signing of this MOU follows the 2017 signing of the Statement of Intent to advance the Imappivut Marine Planning Initiative of the Nunatsiavut Government. The study area is 14,906 square kilometres – or three times larger than Prince Edward Island – and is located in the coastal waters adjacent to Torngat Mountains National Park. An Indigenous protected area will conserve a portion of the Labrador Shelf Marine Region, which will increase connectivity and protect the fjords that extend into Torngat Mountains National Park. These areas are critical to the many species that thrive in this region, including beluga whales, seals, breeding and migrating seabirds and waterfowl, and a variety of fish. The MOU confirms the proposed study area boundary as well as the topics to be assessed and the consultations to be undertaken during the feasibility assessment.

In addition to conserving biodiversity, protecting these ecosystems in northern Labrador will contribute to the vitality of Inuit culture and traditions and the well-being of Labrador Inuit, who have been stewards of this region since time immemorial. Labrador Inuit have extensive knowledge of the land, water and sea ice in this area and are sustained, to this day, by its wildlife. Inuit knowledge, coupled with science, will be used as the foundation for the feasibility assessment of the Indigenous protected area.

“Labrador Inuit culture, knowledge, livelihood and health is directly connected to the ocean. The signing of this Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Canada is another important step in managing the waters off our coast. We look forward to continued progress towards establishing an Indigenous protected area, and in safeguarding Labrador Inuit culture and identity, as well as the fish and animals that we rely on for food.”

Johannes Lampe
President of Nunatsiavut

February 11, 2022

Inuvialuit Regional Corporation: Climate Change Strategy

Inuvialuit Regional Corporation – has released its “Climate Change Strategy” summarizing a wide range of environmental impacts facing the Inuvialuit Settlement Region and providing its plan for community focused policy actions across six thematic areas: 

  1. Food Security Wellness
    • Strengthen ISR food and wellness systems through supports and adaptations that recognize climate change. 
  2. Safety 
    • Develop mechanisms to ensure travel across ISR lands and waters are safe. 
  3. Housing and Infrastructure
    • Advance the development of climate change resilient infrastructure. 
  4. Education and Awareness
    • Advance greater accessibility to climate change information and local knowledge for all communities within the ISR. 
  5. Ecosystem Sustainability
    • Protect and conserve our natural heritage for present and future generations. 
  6. Energy
    • Promote increased energy security within ISR communities.

The Climate Change Strategy outlines specific actions that are in alignment with the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami’s (ITK) “National Inuit Climate Change Strategy (2019)” that contains five priority areas where integrated approaches and coordinated actions with partners are necessary to meet pressing climate change adaptation, mitigation and resilience building needs across Inuit Nunangat. 

The five priority areas are: 

  1. Knowledge and Capacity; 
  2. Health, 
  3. Well-being and the Environment;
  4. Food Systems; 
  5. Infrastructure; and Energy. 

July 8, 2021

Nunavut Draft Land Use Plan

The Nunavut Planning Commission (NPC) – has released an updated 2021 Draft Land Use Plan which is the largest of its kind in the world and covers one-fifth of Canada’s land mass, representing some 2.1 million square kilometres of land and water. This latest Nunavut Draft Land Use Plan (NDLUP) is the result of extensive consultation and engagement with Inuit, their communities, Inuit organizations, federal and territorial governments, environmental and wildlife organizations, and industry groups.

The 2021 Nunavut Draft Land Use Plan sets out guidelines for the use and responsible development of resources in the Nunavut Settlement Area and is also designed to:

  • Protect critical wildlife habitat for caribou, migratory birds, walrus, polar bear, and whales that are under threat because of climate change and other factors;
  • Identify priority community areas of interest;
  • Support economic development opportunities including the Manitoba – Kivalliq infrastructure corridor;
  • Provide for grandfathering of existing mineral rights; and
  • Provide certainty for landowners and users about where and when projects and economic activities can take place. The NPC has received funding of $2.5 million from Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada to hold an additional round of public hearings in the Kivalliq and Kitikmeot regions to gather more public feedback on the draft plan before it is submitted for approval.

“The Nunavut Draft Land-Use Plan is a living document which guides and directs us into the future by establishing land use policies and designations that promote conservation, economic development and the health and wellness of residents,” said NPC Executive Director Sharon Ehaloak. “The Commission is pleased to receive this funding to ensure that we get it right and our plan reflects the history and culture of Nunavut and its people.”

The 2021 Draft Land Use Plan and a backgrounder can be found at:

January 6, 2021

Establishing an Inuit government in Nunavik

NationTalk – Makivik Corporation has been leading a process to develop a self-determination process for the region. It has been in discussions with the government of Canada, based on a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), signed in June, 2019. The Chief Negotiator, Lisa Koperqualuk, along with Makivik President Charlie Watt held thorough community consultations in each Nunavik community during the months of November and December 2020. This consultation process has revealed strong support for the mandate to develop a Nunavik Inuit Government.

As a result, Makivik President Charlie Watt declared, “We will not take part in any agreements on land usage that bind our Inuit negotiators. Politically, Quebec’s announcement on the protected area will not work at this time.”

Makivik’s Vice-President, Department of Environment, Wildlife and Research, Adamie Delisle-Alaku added, “Yes we did participate in this process, however we are informing Quebec that at this time, we are in a comprehensive, Nunavik-wide consultation process on the development of our new Nunavik government. As a result, we will not sign any such agreement regarding expanding the protected areas in Nunavik.”
The process to develop a new government in the Nunavik region builds on years of collective discussions, and several “All Organization” meetings bringing Nunavik organizations together for intensive weeklong consultations. Meetings have included reviewing a draft Nunavik Constitution and adopting resolutions in support of establishing an Inuit Government in Nunavik based on Inuit values, culture and language.

November 24, 2020

Innu Nation Boat Volunteer Pilot program

Sheshatshiu and Natuashish, Newfoundland and Labrador – Through the Oceans Protection Plan, the Government of Canada is working in partnership with Indigenous coastal communities to improve marine safety and responsible shipping to protect Canada’s marine environment. As part of this $1.5 billion plan, in 2017 the Canadian Coast Guard launched the Indigenous Community Boat Volunteer Pilot Program. Under this program, communities are provided with funding to purchase boats and equipment to enhance their marine safety capacity as members of the Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary.

Today, under year three of the program, the Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard, the Honourable Bernadette Jordan, announced $461,298 for the Innu Nation communities of Sheshatshiu and Natuashish to purchase a search and rescue boat for each community, as well as related equipment.
The Indigenous Community Boat Volunteer Pilot Program is a four-year pilot program, which began in 2017. Coast Guard continues conversations with coastal Indigenous communities to identify those that are interested in participating in the future.

August 1, 2019

Tallurutiup Imanga National Marine Conservation Area

Parks Canada – Inuit Impact Benefit Agreement signed by the Government of Canada and Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA) is a major step toward completion of Canada’s largest national marine conservation area at the eastern entrance to the Northwest Passage, and represents decades of work by Inuit to safeguard a culturally significant region crucial to their subsistence way of life.

The Agreement will protect more than 109,000 square kilometres of biologically rich Arctic waters. The new national marine conservation area will be co-managed by Parks Canada and Inuit under the agreement. An Inuit advisory board will be established to oversee Tallurutiup Imanga. Ottawa will also invest $190 million in the broader region to support new infrastructure, like small craft harbours, and employment opportunities, including an Inuit stewardship program, for the five Nunavut communities bordering the national marine park.
Inuit Qauijimajatuqangit (Khao-yee-muh-yah-tut-khanggeet) or IQ, also referred to as Inuit traditional knowledge, is a source of information based on historical and/or current observations by Inuit which has been passed on orally over several lifetimes.

A large portion of IQ is tied to harvesting and the environment, but it is also directly linked to local socio-economics and cultural practices of Inuit.

July 31, 2019

Biodiversity highest on Indigenous Managed Lands

UBC News – More than one million plant and animal species worldwide are facing extinction, according to a recent United Nations report. Now, a new UBC-led study suggests that Indigenous-managed lands may play a critical role in helping species survive. The researchers analyzed land and species data from Australia, Brazil and Canada – three of the world’s biggest countries – and found that the total numbers of birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles were the highest on lands managed or co-managed by Indigenous communities.

The study, which focused on 15,621 geographical areas in Canada, Brazil and Australia, also found that the size of an area and its geographical location did not affect species diversity. “This suggests that it’s the land-management practices of many Indigenous communities that are keeping species numbers high,” said lead author Richard Schuster, the Liber Ero Postdoctoral Fellow at Carleton University, who undertook the research while at UBC. “Going forward, collaborating with Indigenous land stewards will likely be essential in ensuring that species survive and thrive.”

“Indigenous-managed lands represent an important repository of biodiversity in three of the largest countries on Earth, and Indigenous peoples currently manage or have tenure to roughly one-quarter of the planet’s land area,” said co-author Nick Reo, an associate professor of environmental studies and Native American studies at Dartmouth College and a citizen of the Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario tribe of Chippewa Indians.
“In light of this, collaborating with Indigenous governments, communities and organizations can help to conserve biodiversity as well as support Indigenous rights to land, sustainable resource use and well-being.”

June 7, 2019

National Inuit Climate Change Strategy (NICCS)

Inuvialuit Regional Corporation – NICCS is an Inuit-led response to the global climate crisis. It is accompanied by first-year implementation funding of $1 million from the Government of Canada.

It calls for coordinated climate policy and decision making that improves Inuit quality of life rather than adding to the socio-economic inequities Inuit already face, and is inclusive of Inuit as rights holders and knowledge holders. It asserts that for climate actions to be effective, appropriate, equitable and sustainable for Inuit Nunangat, they must be in line with the collective Inuit vision for building the sustainability, prosperity and wellbeing of Inuit Nunangat.

The NICCS is built on a foundation of five interconnected priority actions:

  1. Advance Inuit capacity and knowledge use in climate decision-making
  2. Improve linked Inuit and environmental health and wellness outcomes through integrated Inuit health, education and climate policies and initiatives
  3. Reduce the climate vulnerability of Inuit and market food systems
  4. Close the infrastructure gap with climate resilient new builds, retrofits to existing builds, and Inuit adaptations to changing natural infrastructure
  5. Support regional and community-driven energy solutions leading to Inuit energy independence

Each priority is reinforced by a number of collaborative actions that are practical and achievable within the next three years with appropriate partnerships between Inuit, federal, provincial and territorial governments, and groups including professional organizations, industry and the academic community.

February 28, 2018

Indigenous Conservation Areas

Globe and Mail – Examples of partnerships by Parks Canada and indigenous groups to manage conservation efforts of National Parks in line with indigenous beliefs, traditions and cultural practices. The $1.3B investment over five years from the Federal Government in Budget 2018 to be used to protect species at risk and to implement broad recovery plans. That will pay for the expansion of national wildlife areas and migratory bird sanctuaries, as well as the management of protected areas and national parks. This includes a $500-million Nature Fund that Ottawa says will pair with matching funds from provinces, corporations and not-for-profit organizations to buy private lands, to support provincial and territorial conservation efforts, and to build the capacity of Indigenous people to conserve lands and species.

Conservation Agreements

  • In 2015, the Thaidene Nene national-park reserve was proposed in a 14,000-square-kilometre swath of boreal forest and tundra on the eastern end of Great Slave Lake. It is co-managed by the Dene who are sharing their cultural heritage with visitors while protecting a vast area of the country’s northern wilderness.
  • The 9,700-square-kilometre Torngat Mountains National Park in Labrador is being co-managed by Inuit, the staff is Inuit and the Inuit are protecting the endangered caribou herds.
  • And, in Gwaii Haanas National Marine Park Reserve on Canada’s west coast, young Haida people who are part of an Indigenous Guardians Program are protecting the region but also introducing people to their culture and their connection with the land.

September 29, 2017

Imappivut “Our Waters” initiative

CISION – Today, the governments of Canada and Nunatsiavut signed a Statement of Intent committing to a partnership to manage the ocean around northern Labrador, an integral part of Inuit Nunangat. This is a historic commitment, and one that will ensure protection for future generations of Inuit. The two governments are advancing the ‘Imappivut’ initiative – which means ‘Our Waters’ – put forward by the Nunatsiavut Government.
Crucially, this initiative supports collaborative management, which includes the creation and co-management of marine protected areas. Moving forward, the Federal and Nunatsiavut Governments will work with local communities and with the provincial government to potentially protect a stretch of coastline longer than the State of California.

“The Imappivut initiative is about recognizing Labrador Inuit connection, knowledge and rights to our ocean. It is about respecting our history and current needs by partnering with the Government of Canada to develop a management plan that ultimately improves the lives of those who depend on the water and the ecosystem itself. We look forward to starting this process by gathering information from Nunatsiavummiut for the management plan and working with the Government of Canada and other stakeholders to realize the expectations and interests that Labrador Inuit have for how the ocean is managed.”
Johannes Lampe, President, Nunatsiavut Government

January 1, 1970

The Arctic Council: Indigenous Permanent Participants

The Arctic Council website – Founded in Canada in 1996, the Arctic Council – Canada, the Kingdom of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, the Russian Federation, Sweden and the United States with six Indigenous Permanent Participant Organizations – focuses on issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic. The category of Permanent Participant was created to provide for active participation and full consultation with the Arctic indigenous peoples within the Council.

The Permanent Participants include:

  • the Aleut International Association,
  • the Arctic Athabaskan Council,
  • Gwich’in Council International,
  • the Inuit Circumpolar Council,
  • Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North and
  • the Saami Council.

The six Working Groups of the Arctic Council are:

  • ACAP (Arctic Contaminants Action Program)
  • AMAP (Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme)
  • CAFF (Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna)
  • EPPR (Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response)
  • PAME (Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment)
  • SDWG (Sustainable Development Working Group)