Government Commitments

Government Commitments to Truth and Reconciliation

Directive on Civil Litigation

January 11, 2019

The Honourable Jody Wilson-Raybould, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, issued the Directive on Civil Litigation Involving Indigenous Peoples. The Directive will guide the Government of Canada’s legal approaches, positions and decisions taken in civil litigation involving Aboriginal and treaty rights, and the Crown’s obligation towards Indigenous peoples. This is to ensure the Government’s legal positions are consistent with its commitments, the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and Canadian values.

Consistent with the Principles Respecting the Government of Canada’s Relationship with Indigenous Peoples, the Directive emphasizes the importance of resolving conflicts expeditiously and collaboratively, reducing the use of litigation and the courts.

This Directive pursues the following objectives:

  • advancing reconciliation,
  • recognizing rights,
  • upholding the honour of the Crown, and
  • respecting and advancing Indigenous self-determination and self-governance.

These objectives, and the guidelines for litigation counsel they promote, are interrelated.