Eeyou Cree School Board

August 27, 2021

CBC – A new history curriculum making its way into some Cree high school classrooms in northern Quebec this fall is about so much more than teaching the past. Sara Pash is the Chairperson of the Cree School Board, and the new curriculum, developed by the board, teaches history from a Cree perspective. This fall, it is being introduced in secondary 3 (grade 9) classrooms. Last year, it was taught for the first time in secondary 4 (grade 10).
“We’re looking at history from an Eeyou perspective and as a way to support identity construction of our students,” Pash said.
“We know that our students have very different needs from students in the south.”
The Cree School Board has been adapting the standard Quebec history curriculum, since the early 2000s according to Pash. That was when the board received what’s known as a derogation from the Quebec Ministry of Education. Pash said the work of this new curriculum has been several years in the making.
“It’s really time now that our children hear our own stories from our own mouths, from our own perspectives,” Pash said, adding the new curriculum is based on an Eeyou worldview or Miiyubiimaatisiiwin, which literally translated means, “the good life” and one’s ability to find their own place in creation.
The curriculum starts with pre-contact and takes a comprehensive look at the impacts of colonization and confederation on Indigenous people, according to Pash.
It also takes a trauma-informed approach to teaching students about the history of residential schools, the sixties scoop, as well as treaties signed between the Crown and Indigenous people, including the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement, signed by Quebec Cree in 1975.
“It really tries to ensure that any traumatic events in our history are understood [and] where we are working towards our own future as a nation from a place of healing and empowerment,” Pash said.
The history curriculum also includes present-day efforts in self-determination and self-governance for the Cree.