Actions and Commitments

Call to Action # 3: Child Welfare (1-5)

‘I feel like I’m not behind’: Indigenous students in Manitoba embrace Jordan’s Principle supports

May 27, 2023

Growing co-ordinator program tackles education achievement gaps for Indigenous kids

A mother and her daughter smile together.
Elilah Monias and her daughter Illeanna Knott smile in this undated photo. Monias reached out to a Jordan’s Principle co-ordinator through the Southern Chiefs’ Organization to request help for her daughter, who’s in her final year of high school in Brandon, Man., and received a laptop to help with her studies and continuing education. (Elilah Monias/The Canadian Press)

Illeanna Knott is preparing to graduate from high school next month. The 17-year-old loves to draw and hopes to pursue a career in the arts after she finishes at her school in Brandon.

For the first half of the school year, the teen juggled extracurricular activities and the challenges of classwork in the digital era. While most households have access to technology, some families, like Illeanna’s, still face barriers. In December, relief came when Illeanna became the owner of a new laptop after her mother put in a request with the Jordan’s Principle co-ordinator at the Brandon School Division. “It was really surprising. Almost felt too good to be true,” Illeanna said in an interview last month.

Jordan’s Principle requires governments to cover the cost of services for First Nations children and work out any disputes over jurisdiction afterward. The legal rule is named after Jordan River Anderson, a boy from Norway House Cree Nation in Manitoba, who died at the age of five. He spent his life in hospital while the Manitoba government and Ottawa argued over which level of government needed to pay for his care in a special home.

A young baby is being cradled by a woman.
Jordan River Anderson, from Norway House Cree Nation in Manitoba, died in 2005 at the age of five, after spending his life in hospital while the Manitoba government and Ottawa argued over which level of government needed to pay for his care in a special home. (Submitted by TIFF)

Illeana’s mother, Elilah Monias, received help with school supplies for her two youngest children through Jordan’s Principle, but without a co-ordinator it wouldn’t have occurred to her to request a laptop for her daughter. “It’s very helpful. I wouldn’t have been able to do this for my kids. I wish there was, but there’s no way,” she said. “I don’t own a laptop. I never did. It’s just something we can’t afford.”

Having access to a computer at home has allowed Illeanna to remain connected with her classmates and teachers. The teen uses it to work on and submit assignments, use online programs she previously couldn’t and communicate with others through video chat. “I feel like I’m not behind,” said Illeanna.

Program aims to increase graduation rate 

Historically, graduation rates for Indigenous students have been lower than their non-Indigenous counterparts. Manitoba government statistics indicate half of Indigenous students graduated on time in June 2022 compared to 91 per cent for non-Indigenous students. Low graduation rates have been linked to a disconnect between Indigenous and Western education, chronic underfunding for Indigenous students and systemic discrimination.

With this in mind, the Southern Chiefs’ Organization, which represents 34 First Nations in southern Manitoba, decided to start a Jordan’s Principle co-ordinator program.

Last year, the advocacy group partnered with two school divisions to bring a Jordan’s Principle co-ordinator into schools. Earlier this year, the organization added seven more school divisions as partners. “[We’re] really trying to support students and keep them in school to see them graduate,” said Joni Wilson, wellness services lead for the organization.

The program teams up a co-ordinator hired by the Southern Chiefs’ Organization with a school division. Families work with the co-ordinator to process requests in-house, meaning they don’t have to go directly through the federal government and face unnecessary delays. The group also has co-ordinators who work with the Children’s Hospital of Winnipeg and a rehabilitation centre in the city.

Young kids in a classroom hold up signs.
In a February 2021 photo, Grade 2 students at Winnipeg’s Chancellor School hold up letters they wrote to Liberal MP Terry Duguid, urging politicians to advocate for equity for First Nations youth. (Walther Bernal/CBC)

In the past year, Indigenous Services Canada has expanded the type of requests processed through Jordan’s Principle and the methods for submitting them. This has opened the door for families to access educational supports such as tutoring and speech therapy, Wilson said. Funding through Jordan’s Principle can also go toward extracurricular activities that keep kids interested in going to school, as well as school supplies and fees.

The organization has supported at least 2,000 children through the program over 12 months. Having Indigenous co-ordinators provides a sense of ease for caregivers, Wilson said. “They feel very open to sharing and knowing that they’re going to be respected, heard and listened to.”

Winnipeg school division sees jump in requests 

The River East Transcona School Division in Winnipeg signed on with the program in February. The division serves 18,000 students with approximately 2,300 self-identifying as First Nations, Inuit or Métis. Before working with the Southern Chiefs’ Organization, there was a “real patchwork” of access to Jordan’s Principle within the division’s 42 schools, which often led to support that was not as timely or robust, said Jason Drysdale, assistant superintendent of educational services and planning.

“With the Jordan’s Principle position in our school division, we have a way to navigate that and get those barriers out of the way for families. And that’s a good thing for kids and families,” he said.

The school division received seven requests during the first month the program was running. That number jumped to 59 the following month. “As an education system, our goal is to erase the achievement gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children,” Drysdale said.


Brittany Hobson, The Canadian Press

Brittany Hobson is a reporter with The Canadian Press. A graduate from Red River College’s creative communications program, her work has been published by CBC, the Winnipeg Free Press and the Community News Commons.