Background Content: Treaties and Land Claims

Exploring Theme: "Historical Treaties of Canada and First Nations"

Updates on this page: 9
 

December 15, 2023


Inside the fight for $120B: How Canada’s broken treaty promise sparked a battle over ‘mino-bimaadiziwin’ — the good life

Ontario First Nations who were promised a fair share of resource revenue instead got $4 each a year. A court ruling could soon change their futures. The Toronto Star: BIIGTIGONG NISHNAABEG—Duncan Michano drove his silver pickup down a dirt road lined with golden tamarack trees. Branches scraped against the windows as the truck lurched over...

December 1, 2023


Voices from our past: Crowfoot valued land more than government money

By Jim Thunder, originally published in Windspeaker in 1987 Windspeaker.com: First Nations chiefs who negotiated with the government before the signing of the treaties were very wise leaders. These leaders were sincere in their requests and were concerned not only with themselves and the present but also with the future and what it held for...

November 11, 2023


With a canoe ride down the Grand River in Ontario, these paddlers bring a 400-year-old treaty to life

Treaties Recognition Week in Ontario runs Nov. 5-11. Here’s how the Two Row Wampum is recognized each year CBC Indigenous: For 10 days every summer, a group of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people launch their canoes each morning after a Haudenosaunee Thanksgiving Address and continue on their journey down the Grand River in southern Ontario.  The...

November 8, 2023


While most of us have heard reference to the ‘Williams Treaties’ – how many of us actually know much about what they are and how they came to be?

NationTalk: 93.3 myFM News – Gonorthumberland.ca spoke with Dr. Jackson Pind, a professor in the Chanie Wenjack School for Indigenous Studies at Trent and a mixed Settler-Anishinaabe. With roots in Alderville First Nations, his work focuses on Indigenous education, issues and reconciliation. : Dr. Pind says the Williams Treaties were first signed in November 1923,...

August 23, 2023


Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation recognizes treaty signing after 146 years

A theatrical performance of Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation signing Treaty 6. Photo by Ryan Hunt. Windspeakermedia: CFWE-FM – Aug. 21 marked a special day in Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation as it commemorated the 146th anniversary of Alexis Nakota signing onto Treaty 6. The commemoration event was held in the gymnasium of the newly built Chief...

December 15, 2022


Interactive treaty education facility Agowiidiwinan Centre opens at The Forks in Winnipeg

The centre will enable broader public engagement and education about treaty histories and the relationships and responsibilities that are indelibly linked to them, the Treaty Relations Commission said. Agowiidiwinan means “bringing things together” in the Anishinaabemowin language, Ross said, adding it can be shortened to mean “treaties.” Treaty areas in Manitoba The numbered treaties “The...

August 23, 2022


Monument unveiled as commemoration of the past and hope for the future: Treaty 6

“I hope that this unveiling would be significant to the education for people from Alberta and Canada to talk about the treaties and how reconciliation can be done.” — Grand Chief George Arcand, Jr  WindSpeaker: A monument unveiled at the Alberta legislature Sunday, Aug. 21, sits almost directly on the spot where the adhesion to Treaty...

August 19, 2022


Tlicho commemorate 100-year anniversary of signing Treaty 11

Treaty 11 was the last to be signed in Canada’s system of numbered treaties. It was supposed to be an agreement of “peace and friendship” with the Dene of the Northwest Territories. But it turned out to be anything but. The Dene learned – once the document was translated into their dialects many years later...

Historical Treaties and First Nations

Treaty Date Coverage Peace & Friendship 1725-1779 Signed on the East Coast with Mi’kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy First Nations prior to 1779. Upper Canada Land Surrenders 1764-1836 The Upper Canada Land Surrenders is a title given to a series of agreements made between Indigenous peoples and the Crown before Confederation and the creation of the province of Ontario. Huron-British Treaty...

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