Language and Culture (13-17): Background Content

Indigenous Languages in Canada


January 1, 1970


N/A

Indigenous Languages

More than 70 Aboriginal languages were reported in the 2016 Census. These languages can be divided into 12 language families:

  • Algonquian languages
  • Inuit languages
  • Athabaskan languages
  • Siouan languages
  • Salish languages
  • Tsimshian languages
  • Wakashan languages
  • Iroquoian languages
  • Michif
  • Tlingit
  • Kutenai andHaida

Table 1 below identifies Aboriginal identity population who can speak an Aboriginal language, by language family, main languages within these families, and main provincial and territorial concentrations, Canada, 2016


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