Treaties and Land Claims: Background Content

Treaty Land Entitlements

April 11, 2022

Ahtahkakoop Cree Nation settles Treaty Land Entitlement Claim

CBC: Ahtahkakoop Cree Nation, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada and the Government of Saskatchewan – have concluded tripartite negotiations and reached a settlement agreement for the Ahtahkakoop Cree Nation Treaty Land Entitlement Claim.

Ahtahkakoop adhered to Treaty 6 in 1876, which promised one square mile per family of five, or 128 acres per person. In 1878, a federal Order in Council set apart 42,988.8 acres of land as reserve for the First Nation, enough for 336 people. Ahtahkakoop Cree Nation asserts that the total eligible membership was 368 individuals, resulting with a Treaty land entitlement shortfall of 4,115.2 acres.

Under this historic settlement, the Ahtahkakoop Cree Nation will receive compensation of $43.3 million. Of that amount, Canada will provide $30.7 million and the Government of Saskatchewan will provide the remaining $12.6 million. As part of this agreement, the Ahtahkakoop Cree Nation has the option to acquire up to 40,659.97 acres to add to their reserve lands. Canada and Saskatchewan will also set aside $6.7 million as compensation to rural municipalities and school divisions once taxable land is set apart as reserve.

“Thinking of our future generations, this settlement will provide for hunting and trapping lands, cultural and ceremonial lands, as well as additional lands for our members to benefit from. In the not too distant future, this settlement will also provide for our members, economic development opportunities and create much needed employment on Ahtahkakoop owned commercial and urban lands”. Chief Larry Ahenakew. Ahtahkakoop Cree Nation.

Fed. Govt.

Treaty Land Entitlement

Treaty Land Entitlement claims are intended to settle the land debt owed to those First Nations who did not receive all the land they were entitled to under historical treaties signed by the Crown and First Nations. The fulfillment of Treaty Land Entitlement agreements assists in building partnerships and spurring economic development on reserves and in surrounding communities.

Additions to Reserve

First Nations Coverage
Long Plain First NationBrokenhead First Nation

Roseau River First Nation

Sagkeeng First Nation

Peguis First Nation

Swan Lake First Nation

Sandy Bay First Nation

April 11, 2018 – Former Kapyong Barracks situated on 64 hectares in Winnipeg. After 17 years of fighting the federal government who wanted to sell, the land without consulting the impacted First Nations who argued successfully that they had an outstanding and unfulfilled land entitlement. The site will be an urban reserve and an economic development zone.

Aug. 30, 2019 – signed a Comprehensive Settlement Agreement for the former Kapyong Barracks land in Winnipeg. This agreement outlines the terms for the sale of the Kapyong Barracks land, based on the shared understandings outlined in the April 2018 Agreement in Principle. It represents a renewed, positive relationship between Canada and the Treaty One First Nations. We remain committed to working together toward the final transfer and redevelopment of the lands.

Peguis First Nation May 14, 2019 – Manitoba is issuing a Crown Land Use Permit to provide Peguis with exclusive use for a quarry as part of its Treaty Land Entitlement (TLE) selection.  The provision of an exclusive use permit signifies the government’s commitment to have the Crown land advanced through the TLE land transfer process, toward the eventual establishment of the land as Peguis First Nation Reserve. The premier also noted the province is working to help the First Nation assume certain management responsibilities within the Mantagao Lake Wildlife Management Area (WMA).

Mantagao Lake WMA is approximately 50,000 hectares in size located about 230 kilometres north of Winnipeg, just northeast of Ashern, and includes a campground that Peguis is interested in managing.  With the establishment of a new WMA working group, the province will work with Peguis and other user groups to develop their plan for the campground and ensure it is compatible with the requirements of the WMA.

Other Background Content By Theme

First Nations Land Management Regime

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Specific Claims

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Comprehensive Claims and Modern Treaties

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Historical Treaties of Canada and First Nations

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