Missing Children and Burial Information (71-76)

ONE IS TO MANY (OMAZINIBII’IGEG)

Current Reality

A key question left unanswered – exactly how many aboriginal children died in residential schools?

Justice Murray Sinclair, who heads the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, says the federal government stopped recording the deaths around 1920 after the chief medical officer at Indian Affairs suggested children were dying at an alarming rate. Sinclair has guessed up to 6,000 children may have died at the schools but it’s impossible to say with certainty. (Global News, May 31, 2015)
https://globalnews.ca/news/2027587/deaths-at-canadas-indian-residential-schools-need-more-study-commission

TABLE: Residential Schools that have discovered unmarked graves

Indian Residential School
Date of Discovery
# of unmarked graves
Official recorded deaths
First Nation
Kamloops IRS, BC
May 27, 2021
200
51
Tk’emlüps te Secwépemc FN
Muscowequan IRS, SK
June 1, 2021
35
Muscowequan First Nation
Brandon IRS, MB
June 10, 2021
104
78
Sioux Valley Dakota First Nation
Marieval IRS, SK
June 25, 2021
751
8
Cowessess First Nation
St. Eugene’s IRS, BC
June 30, 2021
182
19
Ktunaxa Nation, community of Aq’am
Kuper Island IRS, BC
July 13, 2021
160
120
Penelakut First Nation
St. Joseph’s Mission IRS, BC
Jan. 26, 2022
93
Williams Lake First Nation
Jan. 25, 2023
66
28
St. Philip’s IRS, SK
Feb. 15, 2022
12
2
Keeseekoose First Nation
 Fort Pelly IRS
42
2
St. Bernard’s IRS, AB
Mar. 1, 2022
169
10
Kapawe’no First Nation
Gordon’s IRS, SK
April 21, 2022
15
49
George Gordon First Nation
Blue Quill IRS, AB
May 17, 2022
TBD
27
Saddle Creek Cree Nation
April 19, 2023
19
Pine Creek IRS, MB
Oct. 14, 2022
71
21
Pine Creek First Nation
Qu’Apelle IRS  SK
Jan. 12, 2023
TBD
Star Blanket Cree Nation
St. Mary’s IRS, ON
Jan. 17, 2023, Oct. 30, 2023
171
22
36
Wauzhushk Onigum Nation
St. Augustine IRS, BC
April 20, 2023
40
5
shîshålh Nation
St. Bruno’s IRS, 
Joussard IRS
June 26, 2023
88
Driftpile Cree Nation
Beauval IRS, SK
Aug. 29, 2023
93
English River First Nation
Chooutla IRS, YT
Sept. 26, 2023
15
20
Carcross, YT
St. Mary’s IRS, BC
Sept. 22, 2023
96
Sto:lo First Nation
Total:
2,444
476

July 20, 2023: The Senate Standing Committee on Indigenous Peoples released a report “Honouring the Children Who Never Came Home: Truth, Education and Reconciliation”. The report identified the Federal Government, Library and Archives Canada, a number of Roman Catholic entities and the governments of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Ontario and the Northwest Territories as not complying with Call to Action # 77 and releasing all documents in their possession relating to residential schools.

Nov. 9, 2022:  Government of Canada to invest $28.5M over 5 years to support the National Residential School Death Register, the online National Cemetery Register and the National Advisory Committee on Missing Children and Unmarked Burials


0/6 CTAs have been completed to date




#71

Deliver residential school death records to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

Stalled

#72

Develop a National Residential School Death Register

In Progress

#73

Establish an online registry of residential school cemeteries

In Progress

#74

Inform families of child’s burial location, determine commemoration ceremonies and reburial

In Progress

#75

Identify, protect, maintain and commemorate residential school cemeteries

In Progress

#76

Commit to Indigenous principles and protocols for residential school cemeteries

In Progress

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