Missing Children and Burial Information (71-76)

ONE IS TO MANY (OMAZINIBII’IGEG)

Current Reality

The commission that has spent five years examining one of the darkest chapters in Canada’s history is winding up its work with a key question left unanswered – exactly how many aboriginal children died in residential schools? Justice Murray Sinclair, who heads the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, says the federal government stopped recording the deaths around 1920 after the chief medical officer at Indian Affairs suggested children were dying at an alarming rate. Sinclair has guessed up to 6,000 children may have died at the schools but it’s impossible to say with certainty. (Global News, May 31, 2015)
https://globalnews.ca/news/2027587/deaths-at-canadas-indian-residential-schools-need-more-study-commission/

Sites of unmarked graves at former residential Schools

Indian Residential School Date of Discovery # of unmarked

graves

Official recorded deaths First Nation
Kamloops IRS, BC May 27, 2021

200

51

Tk’emlüps te Secwépemc First Nation
Muscowequan IRS, SK June 1, 2021

35

Muscowequan First Nation
Brandon IRS, MB June 10, 2021

104

78

Sioux Valley Dakota First Nation
Marieval IRS, SK June 25, 2021

751

8

Cowessess First Nation
St. Eugene’s IRS, BC June 30, 2021

182

19

Ktunaxa Nation, community of Aq’am
Kuper Island IRS, BC July 13, 2021

160+

120

Penelakut First Nation
St. Joseph’s Mission IRS, BC Jan. 26, 2022

93

Williams Lake First Nation
St. Philip’s IRS, SK

Fort Pelly IRS, SK

Feb. 15, 2022

12

42

2

2

Keeseekoose First Nation
St. Bernard’s IRS, AB Mar. 1, 2022

169

10

Kapawe’no First Nation
Gordon’s IRS, SK April 21, 2022

15

49

George Gordon First Nation
Pine Creek IRS Oct. 14, 2022

71

21

Pine Creek First Nation
TOTAL   1,834

360

Nov. 9, 2022:  Government of Canada to invest $28.5M over 5 years to support the National Residential School Death Register, the online National Cemetery Register and the National Advisory Committee on Missing Children and Unmarked Burials

Aug. 11, 2021: The federal government is committing $321M in new funding for Indigenous communities and appointing a special interlocutor (Kimberly Murray appointed on June 8, 2022) to propose law and policy changes to better responds to the findings of unmarked graves at former residential school sites:

  • $83M added to the existing $27M program to fund searches of burial sites and commemorate the children who died at residential school
  • $107M for programs to support healing from intergenerational trauma
  • $100M over two years to help Indigenous communities manage residential school buildings
  • $20M to build a national monument in Ottawa to honour the survivors and aall the children who were lost.

0/6 CTAs have been completed to date




71

Deliver residential school death records to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

Stalled

72

Develop a National Residential School Death Register

In Progress

73

Establish an online registry of residential school cemeteries

In Progress

74

Inform families of child’s burial location, determine commemoration ceremonies and reburial

In Progress

75

Identify, protect, maintain and commemorate residential school cemeteries

In Progress

76

Commit to Indigenous principles and protocols for residential school cemeteries

In Progress

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Missing Children and Burial Information (71-76)


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