Government Commitments to Truth and Reconciliation: Background Content

Métis National Council

December 10, 2019

2019 Indigenous Economic Reconciliation Report

Launch of 2019 Indigenous Economic Reconciliation Report Recommendations on Reconciliation and Inclusive Economic Growth for Indigenous Peoples and Canada. The report was a result of a three-part series, in 2017 and 2018, on economic reconciliation and inclusive growth in Canada called “Expanding the Circle: What Reconciliation and Inclusive Economic Growth Can Mean for Indigenous Peoples and Canada?

The report concludes that the Government of Canada must take immediate, significant, and clear steps towards closing the gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples. The commitment to reconciliation with Indigenous peoples is not a partisan issue; it is a matter of The Honour of the Crown, based on the existing Aboriginal rights upheld and recognized in Section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. Yet, reconciliation is not solely the government’s responsibility; all Canadians must be involved.

While there were common themes across the three events, some of what the Board heard at each event was unique from the perspective of First Nations, Métis and Inuit, which speaks to the importance of providing for distinctions-based approaches to economic reconciliation.

The report is divided into two main sections. The first part focuses on four key recommendations based on common themes and issues raised during the three forums:

  1. Procurement: establish a comprehensive and easy to access directory of Indigenous businesses (similar to Australia’s Supply Nation), and provide meaningful funding to Indigenous businesses to increase awareness and readiness for procurement opportunities.
  2. Access to capital: adequately fund Aboriginal Financial Institutions (AFIs), provide AFIs loan loss protections, and devolve economic development programming to AFIs.
  3. Capacity development: put in place incentives, including funding, internships and scholarships to increase Indigenous participation in business training and certification; and encourage post-secondary education institutions to increase access to these programs for Indigenous learners.
  4. Wealth sharing: implement strategies and innovative options to increase equity positions and involvement of Indigenous peoples in resource development, and to support growth of traditional economies and participation in environmental stewardship.

April 1, 2019

Fed. Govt.

Canada – Métis Bilateral Meetings

Pan Indigenous

Implementation of initiatives begun during the previous mandate

  • Fully implement Child and Family Services and Indigenous Languages legislation
  • Develop a National Action Plan following Inquiry into MMIWG
  • Continue to implement the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action
  • Continue support for nation re-building
  • Address critical infrastructure needs

New Commitments

  • Advance co-development of legislation to implement UNDRIP
  • Establish a new National Treaty Commissioner’s Office
  • Co-develop distinctions-based health legislation
  • Establish a new national benefits-sharing framework
  • Establish a new federal procurement target
  • Framework for repatriating Indigenous cultural property and ancestral remains
  • Support transition to clean, renewable energy
  • Host a First Ministers’ Meeting on Indigenous priorities

Metis Priorities

Implementation of initiatives begun during the previous mandate

  • Continue the work of advancing self-determination with the MétisNation
  • Confirm top MNC priorities, from June 2019 leaders’ meeting:
  • Closing socio-economic gaps (education, health, child and family services)
  • Justice and policing
  • Youth and sports
  • Implementation of Section 35 rights

June 15, 2018

Fed. Govt.

Canada – Métis Bilateral Meetings

The priorities identified during today’s meeting include education, health, Métis veterans, the new fiscal relationship, child and family services, economic development, environment, clean growth, and infrastructure. Participants will work together over the next year to advance these priorities, and will report on progress made at the next Crown-Métis Nation Summit.

Budget 2018 provided $516 million in funding over 10 years to respond to the unique needs and concerns of the Métis Nation, including:

  1. $500 million over 10 years to support a Métis Nation housing strategy
  2. $10 million in 2018-19 to support Métis Nation post-secondary education
  3. $6 million over five years to support the Métis Nation in gathering health data and developing a health strategy.

September 21, 2017

Fed. Govt.

Canada – Métis Bilateral Meetings

Today’s meeting provided an opportunity for the Leaders of the Métis Nation to meet with key federal Ministers to discuss progress in advancing and implementing the priorities of the Canada-Métis Nation Accord. The Leaders and Ministers reaffirmed the value of the Permanent Bilateral Mechanism process and their ongoing commitment to undertaking joint work and policy co-development in the priority areas set out in the Accord. In addition to what is highlighted below, they also discussed other priority areas in health, education, new fiscal relations, as well as economic development.

March 19, 2018

Fed. Govt.

Canada – Métis Bilateral Meetings: implementation of investments in Budget 2018

Today’s meeting provided an opportunity for Ministers and Métis Nation Presidents to discuss the implementation of investments in Budget 2018 which will advance key Métis Nation priorities set out in the Accord. Ministers and Métis Nation leaders also actioned further work on accords to implement Budget commitments in relation to housing, early learning and child care and indigenous skills employment and training. All parties participated in meaningful discussions and agreed to undertake joint work and policy co-development on Métis health, education, child and family services, economic development and the new fiscal relationship, all of which are priority areas for the second year of the Accord.

August 20, 2018

Fed. Govt.

Canada – Métis Bilateral Meetings: Métis Nation Health Policy Session

The Métis Nation Health Policy Session in Ottawa August 20-21, 2018, concluded with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Government of Canada for the development of a 10-year Accord that will identify the health needs of Métis people and ways in which the Government of Canada can support the Métis Nation in improving health outcomes for its citizens.

The 10-year Accord will address the following themes:

  1. Métis capacity to participate effectively in health care systems;
  2. Métis Nation research, surveillance, knowledge and evaluation;
  3. Métis Nation supplementary health benefits;
  4. Métis Nation participation in primary health and specialist care;
  5. Métis Nation home, community, long-term and palliative care models;
  6. Métis community and wellness hubs (i.e. Métis service/wellness access centres);
  7. Métis people within the health human resources sector;
  8. Healthy living and disease prevention and health promotion capacity;
  9. Cultural competency of the health care system;
  10. Intergovernmental coordination to adapt and to improve health care systems that reflect expanded roles of the Métis Nation;
  11. Climate change related health effects and risks mitigation, and associated data management; and
  12. Access to mental health supports.

June 13, 2019

Fed. Govt.

Canada – Métis Bilateral Meetings: Third Summit

The leaders reviewed in the third summit progress made over the past year in social and economic policies and programs, governance, and reconciliation. Achievements include historic investments to support:

  • a Métis Nation-led post-secondary education strategy (see C2A # 11)
  • investments to recognize the contributions of Métis veterans during the Second World War (see “E – Future Priorities” above); and
  • enhanced funding for the Métis Capital Corporation to support small and medium-sized businesses.

The Prime Minister and Métis Nation leaders identified new and ongoing priorities for the coming year, including:

  • child and family services
  • education
  • health
  • justice and policing
  • youth and sports, and
  • implementation of Section 35 rights

Participants also discussed the recently signed Post-Secondary Education Sub-Accord with the Métis Nation, which will help make sure Métis Nation students have the opportunities they need to pursue post-secondary education.

During the Summit, the leaders formalized a Canada-Métis Nation Accord on Economic Development, with an investment of $50 million over five years, to support the start-up and expansion of Métis small and medium-sized enterprises.

As outlined in Budget 2019, the Government of Canada is investing $362 million over 10 years and $40 million per year in ongoing support for a Métis Nation-led post-secondary education strategy.

April 13, 2017

Fed. Govt.

Canada – Métis Nation Accord

The Accord marks a significant step towards a renewed government-to-government relationship based on recognition of rights, respect, co-operation and partnership. It outlines the ways in which the Government of Canada and the Métis National Council and its Governing Members will work together to set priorities and develop policy in areas of shared interest. The Accord will bring a coordinated focus across the federal government in setting priorities and obtaining concrete actions and tangible results.

With initiatives like this, Canadians and the Métis Nation are mapping a way forward on a path of reconciliation and renewal toward a shared, prosperous future. The 2017 budget commits significant funding to build the governance capacity of the Métis National Council (MNC), the Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO), and the other four Métis governments that constitute the MNC from Manitoba to British Columbia. The funding will include $84.9 million over the next five years as well as ongoing annual funding of $28.3 million.

Objectives of the Accord

The Parties agree that it is in their common interest to establish a process for co-development and negotiation that will allow them to work together to:

  1. Uphold the special constitutional relationship that the Métis Nation has with the Crown as partners in Confederation and as recognized and affirmed in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982;
  2. Renew the Métis Nation-Crown relationship on a nation-to-nation, government-to-government basis;
  3. Advance reconciliation of the rights, claims, interests and aspirations of the Métis Nation and those of all Canadians;
  4. End the legacy of colonialism and colonial attitudes wherever they may remain in federal legislation, policies and practices;
  5. Improve socio-economic conditions of Métis and their access to social and economic programs and services that address their needs;
  6. Explore and support ways to address the historic and continuing impacts of unresolved claims and grievances of the Métis Nation; and
  7. Promote and advance the recognition of the Métis Nation and commemorate its role and that of its leader, Louis Riel, in Canada’s western expansion.


Priorities Annotated Agenda

The following link outlines full details on the Accord as well as details on areas for co-development and negotiation by the Parties in their work on first year priorities:

April 13, 2017

Fed. Govt.

Métis Nation Accord Annex – Fiscal Relations

Funding Mechanisms:

The Parties will work, on a government-to-government basis, to renew the fiscal relationship, based on cooperation and respect for Métis rights and move towards sufficient, predictable and sustained funding for the Métis Nation. This cooperative undertaking will aim to improve the federal approach to funding to ensure it is fair and equitable, while considering the unique needs and circumstances of the Métis Nation and its citizens.

Through a renewed fiscal relationship, the Parties seek:

  • To establish funding approaches and financial transfer mechanisms that support government-to-government relationships;
  • To meet shared accountability for closing the socio-economic outcomes gap between Métis Nation and other Canadians, including appropriate metrics and performance indicators;
  • To promote the delivery of programs and services in an efficient and cost-effective manner, including consideration of collective or cooperative arrangements; and
  • To support the Métis Nation in furthering Métis-self-government.

April 13, 2017

Fed. Govt.

Métis Nation Accord: Social Innovation:

The Parties will explore opportunities to achieve better social and economic outcomes using emerging social innovation approaches, such as social finance and social enterprise. This work will build on successful bilateral engagement to date, with the potential to contribute to the federal Social Innovation and Social Finance Strategy to be developed in 2017.

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