Government Commitments to Truth and Reconciliation: Government Commitments


June 17, 2022

First Nations, Inuit

2022–2027 Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Wellness of the First Nations and Inuit

Together for Future Generations: 2022–2027 Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Wellness of the First Nations and Inuit

NationTalk: The 2022–2027 Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Wellness of the First Nations and Inuit was announced today by Ian Lafrenière, Minister Responsible for Indigenous Affairs. The plan outlines the Gouvernement du Québec’s new commitments on matters affecting Indigenous communities and reflects an evolution toward nation‑to‑nation relations.

The $141.1 million Action Plan details a total of 52 government measures planned for the next five years divided into six areas, involving 13 government departments and bodies, as well as a number of Indigenous partners. Focus Read include:


  1. Develop, promote and preserve Indigenous languages in Québec (MCC)
  2. Foster the development of self-supporting learning courses for the transmissionof Indigenous languages (MES)
  3. Increase assistance for Indigenous media organizations and provide suitable support (MCC)
  4. Contribute to the vitality and outreach of Indigenous cultures (MCC)
  5. Issue a call for projects on Indigenous languages, cultural projects for school-agechildren, and Indigenous media (MCC)
  6. Increase the number of cultural development agreements, strengthen existing agreements, and continue to hire cultural development officers in communities (MCC)
  7. Support the construction of infrastructures of the “culture centre” type (SAA)
  8. Implement a campaign to make the Québec population in general more aware of the Indigenous peoples (SAA)


  1. Provide emergency financial assistance for victims of violence (MJQ)
  2. Support the integration of services for Indigenous victims of domestic, family and sexual violence (MJQ)
  3. Establish a crisis line, a chat-line and referencing line specific to the First Nations and Inuit (MJQ)
  4. Establish legal services for Indigenous women who are victims of violence (MJQ)
  5. Establish psychosocial support services, as part of the court process, for Indigenous women who are victims of domestic, family or sexual violence (MJQ)
  6. Support domestic and family violence projects implemented by Indigenous police forces (MSP)
  7. Establish specialized intervention services for incarcerated Indigenous women with a history of sexual or conjugal victimization (MSP)
  8. Support organizations for Cree and Inuit women (SCF)
  9. Support initiatives that promote the mobilization and leadership among Indigenous women (SAA)
  10. Assess the needs of Indigenous women subjected to domestic violence and Indigenous children exposed to violence in terms of the residential resources provided in urban environments (MSSS)


  1. Support initiatives that target student retention and the success of Indigenous students (MEQ)
  2. Implement the program La cour d’école in Indigenous communities (DCPP)
  3. Support the introduction “Turaartavik” early childhood outreach workers (Agir tôt program) in Inuit communities in Nunavik for children up to six years of age and their families (MSSS)*
  4. Improve access to and the continuity of culturally relevant and secure perinatal care and services for the First Nations and Inuit (MSSS)
  5. Support the hiring of community-based, culturally-aware caseworkers in urban environments (MF)
  6. Help communities become autonomous in the area of child and youth protection by supporting and promoting the signing and implementing of agreements (MSSS)
  7. Support the adaptation of clinical practices to the realities, cultures and needs of Indigenous children and families (MSSS)
  8. Ensure that more managers, caseworkers and foster families receive training on cultural security in the area of child and youth protection and community-based services for young people in difficulty, to improve their knowledge of Indigenous realities and enhance their cultural skills (MSSS)
  9. Implement the recommendations in the Report of the Committee on the Application of Bill 21 in Aboriginal Communities, An Act to amend the Professional Code and other legislative provisions in the field of mental health and human relations (SAA)


  1. Support projects and initiatives for the retention and educational success of Indigenous school students (MES)
  2. Help the Société immobilière du Regroupement des centres d’amitié autochtones du Québec implement a new community living project for Indigenous students and their families in Chibougamau (MES)
  3. Develop basic education programs for English-speaking members of the First Nations and the Inuit in detention (MSP)
  4. Improve the First Nations and Inuit Faculties of Medicine Program to extend it to other professions and nations (MSSS)
  5. Provide training for MTESS employees on Indigenous realities (Mikimowin) (MTESS)
  6. Fund positions for Indigenous employment development liaison officers (MTESS)
  7. Support joint action among Indigenous youth partners and the implementation of projects with their input (SAJ)
  8. Support the mobilization, development and support of Indigenous youth (SAJ)
  9. Continue funding for the program to hire coordinators responsible for communitymobilization, citizen involvement and the promotion of healthy lifestyles (SAA)
  10. Consolidate and develop the structure of discussion tables to improve Indigenous access to services in urban environments (SAA)
  11. Introduce direct support for Indigenous students planning to continue in higher education (SAA, MES)
  12. Fund the upgrading of residential buildings in the community of Kitcisakik to prepare for the electrification of the community by HQ (SAA, MAMH/SHQ)


  1. Enhance the accessibility, continuity and quality of services in the realm of general psychosocial, mental health, addiction, homelessness and suicide prevention needs for First Nations members, in particular by supporting the signing of cooperative agreements between communities not covered by an agreement and institutions belonging to the health and social services network in their region (MSSS)
  2. Invest in solutions for vulnerable people in Montréal, including the homeless, put forward by the Indigenous community (MSSS)
  3. Support community street patrols working with the homeless population in Montréal (SAA)
  4. Support the deployment of fifteen additional liaison officers in the health and social services network to strengthen cultural security capacity (MSSS)
  5. Incorporate cultural security in public health actions targeting health and prevention, including suicide prevention, with the First Nations and Inuit (MSSS)


  1. Offer support and assistance culturally-adapted for Indigenous clientele subject to judicial control in collaboration with specialized organizations (MSP)
  2. Provide services and conditions for Indigenous people in detention facilities that are more likely to promote a process of rehabilitation or healing, using a culturally- adapted approach (MSP)
  3. Help maintain a mixed intervention team in Sept-Îles and Indigenous liaison officers in urban environments (SQ)
  4. Improve services in the court system for the First Nations (MJQ)
  5. Enhance access to justice in Nunavik (MJQ)
  6. Support the coordination of FNQLHSSC activities in the area of justice (MJQ)
  7. Implement an emergency call service pilot project in Nunavik (MSP)
  8. Provide training on Indigenous realities for criminal and penal prosecuting attorneys in connection with the criminal justice system (DCPP)

The government extensively consulted with First Nations members and Inuit to identify the priority concerns of their communities and ensure that the plan is satisfactory to all stakeholders. The focuses of the Action Plan include nationhood, cultural safety, the Canadian constitutional framework and the Gouvernement du Québec’s responsibilities. Significant emphasis has also been placed on Indigenous languages and cultures and Inuit‑specific considerations.

May 27, 2022

First Nations, Inuit, Métis

Quebec cabinet minister vows to protect Indigenous languages following Bill 96 passage

Nunatsiaq News: Quebec Indigenous Affairs Minister Ian Lafrenière says he’s committed to supporting Indigenous people in the province, after his government approved a new law this week protecting French language use.

On Tuesday, the Quebec National Assembly voted to pass Bill 96, which aims to affirm French as the only official language in the province. It’s expected to take at least a year before the law takes effect. Despite the bill’s aim, Lafrenière said people are not going to be forced to speak French when interacting with provincial institutions.

He said people have been scared by what he called “fake news” about the government enforcing use of French, and that Indigenous people have a right to protect and speak their languages. “Protecting French does not have to be done in opposition to protecting other languages like Inuktitut,” Lafrenière said in an English-language interview with Nunatsiaq News.

However, the bill has sparked opposition among groups concerned that it will make it more difficult for Inuit in Nunavik to access services like health care and education.

That’s because it caps the number of students allowed in publicly funded, English-language post-secondary schools. It also could discourage the use of English within the health-care system, according to McGill professor Richard Budgell. He shared concerns that Inuit might have a harder time seeking health care in Quebec if French when Bill 96 comes into effect.

Lafrenière spoke to Nunatsiaq News after returning from a week spent in six Nunavik communities, as well as several First Nations communities in northern Quebec. He said discussions during the trip made him want to do more to work with Indigenous communities and organizations to find ways to protect their languages.

“I want to work that [out] with different nations, like Inuit, and we’ll be working on this to see what we should do,” he said. “It’s not clear at this moment, but we need to help out people to protect their own languages like Inuktitut, that’s for sure.” Lafrenière said he has accomplished a goal he set for himself as minister, to visit all 14 Nunavik communities.

Lafrenière said Inuit in Nunavik will benefit from $188 million over five years to Quebec’s Indigenous Initiatives Fund, to promote economic development and improve community infrastructure, although he did not elaborate on specific amounts or where the money would go. Lafrenière said he’s also committed to furthering Inuit self-determination talks in Quebec — something that was on the forefront of Gov. Gen. Mary Simon’s visit to the region earlier this month.

November 10, 2021

First Nations

Québec Government and Québec Native Women Quarterly Meetings

Québec Government – The Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones and Quebec Native Women (QNW) have decided to hold quarterly meetings. The meetings will make it possible to define solutions for the priority issues faced by the Indigenous women and girls represented by the group, which include:

  • health,
  • wellbeing,
  • employment,
  • poverty,
  • justice,
  • domestic and family violence, and
  • the fight against racism and discrimination.

The creation of this discussion platform will allow Quebec Native Women to work with decision-making authorities within the Québec government and to defend the interests and concerns of First Nations women and girls throughout Québec, whether living in Indigenous communities or urban areas. Both parties expect significant actions and change to emerge from the partnership, with the goal of raising the socio-economic and political conditions of Indigenous and non-Indigenous women to the same level

October 19, 2021

First Nations

Grand Economic Circle of Indigenous People and Quebec

Québec Government – Under the theme “Change requires your commitment!”, this call for commitment aims to invite Quebec businesses to make commitments to the Indigenous peoples.

A document presenting the Vision for the Future of Indigenous Peoples has been prepared to help companies formulate commitments that will be meaningful and promising. This document contains an overview of the current situation and presents the ambitions of Indigenous peoples in terms of socioeconomic development.
Businesses wishing to get involved will be able to benefit from support offered by the First Nations of Quebec and Labrador Economic Development Commission (FNQLEDC). For more information or to make a commitment, please visit the event website.

October 14, 2021

First Nations

Grand Economic Circle of Indigenous People and Quebec

The Government of Quebec and the Assembly of First Nations Quebec-Labrador (AFNQL) – are holding the Grand Economic Circle of Indigenous People and Quebec on November 25 and 26, 2021 to discuss the full participation of Indigenous people in Quebec’s economy as well as economic recovery, It will also be an opportunity for Quebec’s elected officials and business community to make commitments to Indigenous people. A call for commitment will be launched shortly to this effect.

September 24, 2021

First Nations

Québec Micmac Nation Discussion Panel

The Québec government has appointed a new negotiator to represent it on the Québec-Mi’kmaq Nation discussion panel. Gilles Rouleau has been selected to fill this important position and will take up his duties on September 30, 2021.

The Québec government wishes to maintain harmonious nation-to-nation relations with the Listuguj, Gesgapegiag and Gespeg Mi’kmaq communities, based on partnership, understanding, and mutual respect. Such relations hinge on the establishment of a sustained dialogue, which can lead to the negotiation of agreements on topics of shared interest and foster better cohabitation. The Québec government and the Mi’kmaq Nation have sought for several years to establish and maintain such relations. They now wish to seek mutually acceptable, long-term solutions to certain of the questions that the parties have pinpointed.

September 17, 2021

First Nations

Progress Report on Implementation of the Viens Commission Recommendations

Release of an interim assessment and review of the progress of the government’s initiatives, and focus on forthcoming stages of the government’s response to the “Public Inquiry Commission on Relations between Indigenous Peoples and Certain Public Services in Québec (the Viens Commission… The J’ai espoir plan that ultimately calls for $200 million in investments, of which $125 million has already been committed.

In the coming months, broader efforts will be focused on:

  • youth protection
  • the well-being of Indigenous women, and
  • education, to ensure better representation of the history of the First Nations and the Inuit.

The Québec government also noted that a new Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Development of the First Nations and Inuit is being elaborated, since the 2017-2022 action plan is about to expire. The plan will afford the government an additional tool to implement the calls for action mentioned in the report of the Public Inquiry Commission on Relations between Indigenous Peoples and Certain Public Services in Québec.
The Table with details on progress on all recommendations is only availbale in french.

April 16, 2021

First Nations

Nunavik Indigenous Government Agreement with Québec and Canada

Nunatsiaq News – Makivik Corp. will resume negotiations over a self-determination agreement for Nunavik with the governments of Canada and Québec to establish a form of Indigenous government in the region based on Inuit values, culture and language. Makivik’s self-determination committee is made up of representatives from Nunavik’s major regional organizations:

  • Kativik Regional Government
  • Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services
  • Kativik Ilisarniliriniq
  • Fédération des Coopératives du Nouveau Québec
  • Nunavik Landholding Corporations Association
  • Saturviit Inuit Women’s Association of Nunavik
  • Qarjuit Youth Council and
  • the Avataq Cultural Institute.

April 16, 2021


Nunavik Self-Determination Agreement

Nunatsiaq News – Makivik Corp. will resume negotiations over a self-determination agreement for Nunavik with the governments of Canada and Québec to establish a form of Indigenous government in the region based on Inuit values, culture and language. Makivik’s self-determination committee is made up of representatives from Nunavik’s major regional organizations:

  • Kativik Regional Government
  • Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services
  • Kativik Ilisarniliriniq
  • Fédération des Coopératives du Nouveau Québec
  • Nunavik Landholding Corporations Association
  • Saturviit Inuit Women’s Association of Nunavik
  • Qarjuit Youth Council and
  • the Avataq Cultural Institute.

December 15, 2020

First Nations

Racism in Québec: ZERO TOLERANCE – Report of the Groupe d’action contre le racism

Initially announced in June 15, 2020 “The Groupe d’action contre le racism” was specifically asked to develop a series of effective actions to fight against racism by identifying which sectors have high-priority needs for measures in this area, particularly public security, justice, school systems, housing and employment. As part of its mandate, the “Groupe d’action contre le racism” was asked to contribute to the reflection on how to respond to the recommendations of the “Public Inquiry Commission on relations between Indigenous Peoples and certain public services in Québec”, chaired by the Honourable Jacques Viens.

Recommendations specific to Indigenous People

14 – Include in the national anti-racism awareness campaign a specific component on the realities of Indigenous peoples, to continually inform the public about the racism and discrimination experienced by First Nations and Inuit people.
15 – Make the professional orders aware of the importance of training their members on Indigenous realities.
16 – Make the history and current realities of Indigenous people in Québec a mandatory part of initial teacher training programs.
17 – Change the academic curriculum at the primary and secondary levels to update concepts related to the history, cultures, heritage and current realities of Indigenous peoples in Québec and Canada and their impact on society.
18 – Introduce continual, mandatory training on Indigenous realities for government employees.
19 – End the informal practice of prohibiting people from speaking Indigenous languages while receiving public services.
20 – Make the ban on random police stops mandatory.
21 – Add Indigenous social services workers to some police services to create mixed patrol teams.
22 – Increase the resources of Indigenous community organizations that promote access to justice for First Nations and Inuit people.
23 – Improve the capacity of the justice system to address the heritage and life trajectory of Indigenous offenders by granting more resources for the use of the Gladue principle specific to First Nations and Inuit people.
24 – Improve the quality and availability of interpretation services in Indigenous languages for better access to justice.
25 – Increase resources allocated to off-reserve housing.

November 17, 2020

First Nations

AFN-QL Memorandum of Understanding

The Memorandum of Understanding signed today will lead to a sweeping technical and financial feasibility study for phase I of the project and to pre-feasibility studies for phases II and III.
Ian Lafrenière, Minister Responsible for Indigenous Affairs established a joint political table with Ghislain Picard, Chief of the Assembly of First Nations Québec-Labrador. Co-chaired, this political table will establish nation-to-nation agreements and advance common issues to improve daily life in First Nations and Inuit communities. It will also foster dialogue with a view to implementing the calls to action made by the Viens Commission.
The joint political table will also host a meeting between the Premier of Québec and all the chiefs and grand chiefs over the coming weeks. Details to be announced

March 11, 2020

First Nations

Budget 2020-21

The government will invest $219.2 million over six years to increase its support for Indigenous communities.

February 17, 2020

First Nations

La Grande Alliance

Quebec City – Québec Premier François Legault and Grand Chief of the Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) and Chairman of the Cree Nation Government, Dr. Abel Bosum, officially signed a Memorandum of Understanding on collaborative, long-term, balanced economic development in a spirit of respect for Cree values in the Eeyou Istchee James Bay Territory. The Québec Government welcomes the ambitious project put forward by the Cree Nation, which is in keeping with Premier Legault’s desire to broaden the collaboration initiated in 2002 through the Agreement Concerning a New Relationship Between le Gouvernement du Québec and the Crees of Québec, commonly referred to as the Paix des braves.

The project stems from a patient consultative process with the Cree communities and calls for:

  • the extension of the rail network to promote economic development and reduce the impacts of trucking;
  • the electrification of certain industrial projects;
  • the sharing of infrastructure in the territory;
  • local labour force training;
  • the identification of new protected areas conducive to the connectivity of the territory’s wildlife habitats.

It is anticipated that the plan will extend over a period of 30 years to ensure the predictability and stability of the economic and social development of the Eeyou Istchee James Bay Territory and Québec overall.

October 2, 2019

First Nations

Premier apologises to First Nations and Inuit

CTV News – Premier Francois Legault apologized to the First Nations and Inuit people of Quebec for the province’s treatment of them. The apology was the first of 142 calls to action laid out by the Viens commission, which concluded in a scathing report released Monday that the province’s Indigenous communities suffered “systemic discrimination.”

September 12, 2018

First Nations

Letter from AFN-QL to new Premier

The Chief of the Assembly of First Nations Quebec-Labrador (AFNQL), Ghislain Picard, advised the next Premier that the relationship between the Government of Quebec and the First Nations will have to be completely transformed. In the letter, Chief Picard noted that First Nations’ rights have never been fully recognized by the provincial government. Raises five “fundamental demands” to which chief Picard requests “concrete commitments”.

These requirements are:

  • The right to security for First Nations people;
  • A framework for the respect of our titles and Aboriginal and treaty rights;
  • Actions for the Reconciliation with First Nations;
  • The development of an economy by and for First Nations;
  • Services to First Nations that respect their cultures and way of life.

June 28, 2017

First Nations

Government Action Plan for the Social and Cultural Development of the First Nations and Inuit

The initiatives in the strategy with a budget of $147.3M for 2017-2022 are grouped under four strategic priorities:

  • Enhance services
    • Establish new services: 27 measures
    • Enhance the existing service offer: 36 measures
  • Promote the Indigenous culture and languages
    • Support the blossoming of aboriginal cultures: 8 measures
    • Strengthen the aboriginal languages: 4 measures
  • Develop the power to act of individuals and communities
    • Rely on the potential of individuals: 9 measures
    • Foster social innovation: 9 measures
  • Foster collaboration and research
    • Implement more fruitful exchanges: 16 measures
    • Develop and promote research in aboriginal communities: 10 measures

December 21, 2016

First Nations

Establish Viens Commission

Established “Public Inquiry Commission on relations between Indigenous Peoples and certain public services in Québec”: listening, reconciliation and progress, in order to investigate, consider the facts and recommend concrete and effective corrective measures to be implemented by the Government of Québec and Indigenous officials”. Initiated by systemic racism by police in city of Val D’Or towards Indigenous women.

December 15, 2015

First Nations

Response to TRC Report

Nothing specific. Advocate for Government of Canada to formally adopt

August 8, 2011


Nunavik Self-Determination Agreement

The Quebec government has acknowledged the negative effects on Inuit society of a mass slaughter of sled dogs in the province’s far north in the 1950s and 1960s. Premier Jean Charest and his native affairs minister signed an agreement on Monday to that effect in Kangiqsualujjuaq in the presence of Pita Aatami, president of the Makivik, which promotes aboriginal development and culture. The provincial government also pledged $3 million to support the Inuit in the protection and promotion of their culture. (Globe and Mail)